Th is book is a response to the persistent suggestion of Dr. Jack Rabin, former executive editor of
the Public Administration and Public Policy Series. I agreed to undertake this challenging project
several months before Dr. Rabin’s death in late 2006. It is challenging because its scope is extremely
Negotiations, meeting work dealines, challenges difficulties, sales and marketing, communication problems, the new accountants,… is the main content of the document "Toeic idioms". Invite you to consult the text book for more documents serving the academic needs and research.
If the initial target is set as a result of competitive tendering, then the
employer may feel some assurance that he is obtaining ‘value for money’. But
if the target is negotiated or later has to be varied, then the employer may feel
that the contractor’s knowledge of his intended methods and costs may
enable him to add a margin in the target estimate to safeguard his position.
This means that it is improbable that the target cost will ever be lower than the
contractor’s privately estimated bottom line price....
We will pay the legal and other reasonable related costs of defending any claim
made against you, provided we appoint the solicitors who will defend the claim
and we have told you in writing that we will pay their costs.
You must assist us in all our endeavours to negotiate, defend or settle any
claim made under this policy and to exercise for our benefit your legal right of
recovery against any other party.
If you fail to assist us, or do not abide by any of these terms, we may reduce
or refuse to pay your claim or be entitled to...
Most of the chapters in this volume were presented as papers at a small
research conference held in 2001 at the Kellogg School of Management
of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. The purpose of this conference
was to explore new ideas about the psychology of leadership, an
important and long-enduring research topic within the field of social psychology.
It was the opinion of the editors of this book and the conveners
of the conference that the social psychological study of leadership had
launched off into several new, interesting, and important directions....
The Durban Platform signifies an important milestone
in the climate change negotiations and reflects the attitude
towards the new climate regime. It reinforces some key
building blocks for a sustained and comprehensive attempt
to tackle the climate crisis.
In this vein UNCTADs contribution will continue to focus on: the benefits and challenges
arising from international trade in insurance services, regulatory challenges arising from
domestic implementation as well as in relation to the GATS, measures to overcome
supply side constraints and build domestic capacity in the insurance sector, the role of the
Government both as a regulator and a provider of insurance services, likely impacts of
emerging global and technological trends in the insurance sector and in relation to the
GATS assisting developing countries in their ongoing and evolv...
This 2013 Work Programme sets out the long term vision of what the EU might look like in
key policy areas, summarises what is missing today and explains how the Commission will
tackle these challenges. By prioritising the right kind of initiatives, the EU can contribute to
growth and job creation and can step by step move closer to its longer term vision.
The Commission has already tabled a wide range of growth enhancing proposals which are
now being negotiated by the co-legislators.
This study traces the history of the law of bills and notes in England
from medieval times to the period in the late eighteenth and early
nineteenth centuries when bills played a central role in the domestic
and international financial system. It challenges the traditional
theory that English commercial law developed by incorporation of
the concept of negotiability and other rules from an ancient body of
customary law known as the law merchant.
Our study assessed the opportunity for library space saving and cost avoidance through the
systematic and intentional outsourcing of local management operations for digitized books to
shared service providers and progressive downsizing of local print collections in favor of
negotiated access to the digitized corpus and regionally consolidated print inventory. As
detailed in the report that follows, the organizational change required to achieve these gains
is likely to be substantial and challenging to implement.
This paper presents the design and implementation of
DOT, a flexible architecture for data transfer. This architecture
separates content negotiation from the data transfer
itself. Applications determine what data they need to send
and then use a new transfer service to send it. This transfer
service acts as a common interface between applications
and the lower-level network layers, facilitating innovation
both above and below. The transfer service frees developers
from re-inventing transfer mechanisms in each new
Seeking Innovative Ways to Eliminate the Pay Gap. The Department of Labor, in
conjunction with the National Equal Pay Task Force, issued an “Equal Pay App Challenge.” This
challenge invites software developers to use publicly available data and resources to create
applications that accomplish at least one of the following goals: provide greater access to pay
data broken down by gender, race, and ethnicity; provide interactive tools for early career
coaching; help inform negotiations; and promote online mentoring.
North Korea has stated it intends to build a large enrichment plant this decade, and there is no reason to
doubt its intentions. To succeed, North Korea will likely need to overcome several technical challenges.
North Korea could also face additional difficulties in completing the plant as a result of actions by the
United Nations Security Council and the broader international community.
The most effective way to end the threats posed by North Korea’s centrifuge program is through
negotiations, even though that route currently looks difficult.
Throughout the history of Arab-Israeli peace negotiations, security has been the most important-and most challenging-issue for Palestinians, Israelis, and their neighbors. This study examines key external security issues that must be met for there to be a successful independent Palestinian state following a peace
Many governments acknowledge that environmental degradation and climate change pose
international and trans-boundary risks to human populations, economies, and ecosystems that
could result in a worsening of poverty, social tensions, and political stability. To confront these
global challenges, countries have negotiated various international agreements to protect the
environment, reduce pollution, conserve natural resources, and promote sustainable growth.
Equally important, negotiators should focus early on obtaining a North Korean commitment that it will
halt illicit procurements from abroad for its nuclear programs and end the proliferation of its nuclear
technology. The latter is especially important for negotiations to establish in a verifiable manner.
While waiting for negotiations to bear fruit, the United States and its allies will face two interconnected
challenges. They must slow down North Korea’s centrifuge program, or at least make progress more
costly and visible to the international community.