Gustavo Cardoso is an associate researcher at CIES/ISCTE and Professor
of Technology and Society at ISCTE in Lisbon. He also works with
the Department of Communications and Performance Studies of the University
of Milan and with the Portuguese Catholic University. His international
cooperation in European research networks brought him to work
with IN3 (Internet Interdisciplinary Institute) in Barcelona, WIP (World
Internet Project) at USC Annenberg, COST A20 “The Impact of the Internet
in Mass Media” and COST 298 “Broadband Society”....
AManuel Castells holds the Wallis Annenberg Chair in Communication Technology and Society at the University of Southern California and is a research professor at Open University of Catalonia, Barcelona. Gustavo Cardoso is a professor of information and communication sciences in the Department of Information Sciences and Technology, ISCTE, Lisbon.
Vertical relationships between government and society still do exist, but almost
everywhere they are becoming the exception, rather than the rule. During the last
two decades developments in public administration have tended to replace
hierarchies. Both in and between organisations, by all kinds of - more or less
horizontal - networks, through which the governmental authorities have realised
their dependency on the other actors in society.
Sound networking abilities are essential in a knowledge-based society. In consequence, people with broad and effective networks are usually both successful and in demand. Futurologists tell us that in time to come, the route to success will be ever more dependent on wide and relevant networks – you will have problems if you just sit back and hope that everything will work out. If you have a top business position, you will probably already be familiar with the need to have a well-established network available to both you and your company....
In the last years we have observed a accelerating evolution in the
computerization of the society. This evolution, or should we call it a
revolution, is dominantly driven by the Internet, and documented in several
The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) bring, year per
year, novelties: new processing architectures, new software methodologies,
new systems and products, new communication networks.
This paper describes the challenges of decentralisation and privatisation of rural services from the perspective of communication strategy development. The wave of decentralisation and privatisation in rural services worldwide creates challenges for rural communities, service providers and local governments. Local organisations – both in government and civil society – are confronted with rules and procedures that are unprecedented. The new roles require significant changes in attitudes, skills, and especially a new level of accountability. ...
Volume 4 delves into our interconnected, networked society. The Internet
is explored in detail, including its history, applications, and backbone. Molecular
computing and artificial life are discussed, as are mobile computing
and encryption technology. The reader will find articles on electronic banking,
books, commerce, publishing, as well as information access and overload.
Ethical matters pertaining to the electronic universe are also addressed.
Volume 4 extends our aesthetic interest with articles on photography
and the use of computers in art.
Anyone interested in the relation between cultural production and consumption and the development of Free and Open Software (FOSS) will want to read these essays by Open Source pioneer Felix Stalder, the first research to be published within the "Note Book" project by kuda.org. Stalder observes that culture can be approached as object-oriented or exchange-oriented, and believes that Open Source eventually leads to a more open society.
The new science and technology framework has challenged higher education institutions in South Africa to create research partnerships with industry, to contribute to growing a national system of innovation. Through detailed case studies, this monograph explores how one new organisational form typical of the knowledge society, the network, is currently being created in practice, in all its complex and contingent reality, in three high technology fields. It is the third volume in the
The future belongs to those who can create networks Sound networking abilities are essential in a knowledge-based society. In consequence, people with broad and effective networks are usually both successful and in demand. Futurologists tell us that in time to come, the route to success will be ever more dependent on wide and relevant networks – you will have problems if you just sit back and hope that everything will work out. If you have a top business position, you will probably already be familiar with the need to have a well-established network available to both you and your company....
The topics discussed in this chapter are: Social network feverspreads to the professions, social networks and online communities, what is an online social network? the growth of social networks and online communities, types of social networksand their business models.
In an age when our society relies so heavily on electronic communication, the need
for information security is imperative. Given the value and confidential nature of the
information that exists on today’s networks, CIOs are finding that an investment in
security is not only extremely beneficial but also absolutely necessary. Corporations
are realizing the need to create and enforce an information security policy.
Security has been a human concern since the dawn of time. With the rise of the digital society, information security has rapidly grown to an area of serious study and ongoing research. While much research has focused on the technical aspects of
computer security, far less attention has been given to the management issues of information risk and the economic concerns facing firms and nations.
The small world experiment comprised several experiments conducted by Stanley Milgram and other researchers examining the average path length for social networks of people in the United States. The research was groundbreaking in that it suggested that human society is a small world type network characterized by short path lengths. The experiments are often associated with the phrase "six degrees of separation", although Milgram did not use this term himself.
This book takes a novel approach to the presentation and understanding of a controversial topic in
modern-day society: hacking. The term hacker was originally used to denote positively-motivated individuals
wanting to stretch the capabilities of computers and networks. In contrast, the term cracker was
a later version of the term, used to denote negatively-motivated individuals wanting to take advantage
of computers and networks’ vulnerabilities to cause harm to property or persons, or to personally gain
Mobile and Wireless Communications have been one of the major revolutions of the late
twentieth century. We are witnessing a very fast growth in these technologies where mobile
and wireless communications have become so ubiquitous in our society and indispensable
for our daily lives. The relentless demand for higher data rates with better quality of services
to comply with state-of-the art applications has revolutionized the wireless communication
field and led to the emergence of new technologies such as Bluetooth, WiFi, Wimax, Ultra
Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been from its beginning the wave of evolution in computer
science. It is in good health and a proof of it is the fact that many companies qualify its
novelties as ‘smart’ or ‘intelligent’ independently of the features included in them; the term
‘society of knowledge’ has been imposed to draw society nearer to the future and a symbol
The data center is a key resource. Many organizations simply shut down when
employees and customers are unable to access the servers, storage systems, and
networking devices that reside there. Literally, millions of dollars can be lost in
a single hour of down time for some businesses, such as large banks, airlines,
package shippers, and online brokerages. Given these consequences, reliability is
a key data center attribute. Another is flexibility. Tomorrow’s requirements may
not be the same as today’s.
Nowadays, embedded systems - computer systems that are embedded in various
kinds of devices and play an important role of specific control functions, have
permeated various scenes of industry. Therefore, we can hardly discuss our life or
society from now on without referring to embedded systems. For wide-ranging
embedded systems to continue their growth, a number of high-quality fundamental
and applied researches are indispensable.
As semantic technologies prove their value with targeted applications, there are increasing opportunities
to consider their application in social contexts for knowledge, learning, and human development.
Semantic Web and Knowledge Management has been accepted as a critical enabler aiming to in
crease knowledge-related performance by better use of intellectual assets, in addition to which many
governments are forced to increasingly deal with knowledge services that form larger parts of the global
economy and society.