Xem 1-7 trên 7 kết quả Neuro-anatomical
  • Modern neuroimaging tools allow unprecedented opportunities for understanding brain neuroanatomy and function in health and disease. Each available technique carries with it a particular balance of strengths and limitations, such that converging evidence based on multiple methods provides the most powerful approach for advancing our knowledge in the fields of clinical and cognitive neuroscience. In addition to offering fine-grained in-vivo neuroanatomical specification, neuroimaging methods also provide the opportunity to non-invasively explore brain function.

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  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) represents one of the most advanced and enlightening functional imaging techniques that has ever been developed. The past ten years (1990–2000) of scientific research has been designated the decade of the brain and has led to numerous technological developments and the establishment of fundamental clinical protocols to understand brain functions. The next decade, the beginning of the 21st century, will continue the great momentum of brain research.

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  • Previous editions of Neuroanatomy have endeavored 1) to provide a structural basis for understanding the function of the central nervous system; 2) to emphasize points of clinical relevance through use of appropriate terminology and examples; and 3) to integrate neuroanatomical and clinical information in a format that will meet the educational needs of the user. The goal of the sixth edition is to continue this philosophy and to present structural information and concepts in an even more clinically useful and relevant format.

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  • Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), unlike conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), provides information on the brain’s chemical environment (rather than neuroanatomical structure) and the data are most commonly presented as line spectra. This capacity for determining brain metabolite concentrations provides the basis for clinical investigation of, and differentiation between, neurological and neurosurgical conditions.

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  • Psychiatric disorders represent a complex interaction between psychological, developmental, neurobiological, and genetic factors. This book focuses on the neurobiological elements of psychiatric conditions. In the last 30 years, much has been learned about the neuroanatomic, neurophysiological, neurochemical, and molecular elements that contribute to major psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia, drug dependence, anxiety disorders, major depression, bipolar disorder, and dementias.

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  • The neurological history and examination provide physicians with information to localize lesions of the nervous system. Neuroanatomical localization allows formulation of a focused differential diagnosis, diagnostic plan, and treatment plan. Although aspects of the neurological examination differ based on the clinical situation, the standard elements of the neurological examination remain the same. A review of the neurological examination as it applies to emergency department evaluation is provided....

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  • Nociceptors are specialized nerve fibers that transmit noxious pain stimuli to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. A subset of nociceptors, the nonpepti-dergic C-fibers, is characterized by its reactivity for the plant isolectin B4 (IB4) from Griffonia simplicifolia. The molecular nature of the IB4-reactive glycoconjugate, although used as a neuroanatomical marker for more than a decade, has remained unknown.

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