Neurologic disease

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  • .Treatment of Pediatric Neurologic Disorders .NEUROLOGICAL DISEASE AND THERAPY Advisory Board Louis R. Caplan, M.D. Professor of Neurology Harvard University School of Medicine Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Boston, Massachusetts William C. Koller, M.D. Mount Sinai School of Medicine New York, New York John C. Morris, M.D. Friedman Professor of Neurology Co-Director, Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center Washington University School of Medicine St. Louis, Missouri Bruce Ransom, M.D., Ph.D.

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  • he Second Edition of this single-authored volume integrates multiple disciplines of basic and clinical research to help clinicians further develop the best possible care for the rehabilitation of patients with neurologic diseases. From the readable descriptions of the structures and functions of pathways for movement and cognition, the reader comes to understand the potential for training induced, pharmacologic,

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  • 432 NEUROLOGIC DISEASE IN WOMEN insomnia, and anxiety. Less than half of these cases are correctly identified as alcohol-related. Women are also more likely to be admitted to non–alcohol-specific treatment, such as general psychiatric units rather than conventional alcohol treatment services (81) and are more likely to drop out of treatment (85). Because female alcoholics often have low self-esteem and feelings of shame and embarrassment, they may balk at confrontational techniques and require more supportive and skill-building approaches.

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  • Neuro-oncology has evolved substantially as a clinical and research discipline over the past few decades. Initially the province of isolated devotees, it has become a well-recognized subspecialty of neurology, oncology, and neurosurgery. The Society for Neuro-Oncology, founded just five years ago, now has almost 1000 members. Most tertiary care hospitals have staff physicians who consider themselves neuro-oncologists. These physicians typically are involved in the evaluation and management of neurologic complications of systemic cancer and its treatment, as well as of primary brain tumors.

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  • Diseases of the nervous system number in the hundreds and are too numerous and varied to be learned in their entirety. Hence the common practice of subdividing them into categories—traumatic, vascular, neoplastic, infective, metabolic, degenerative, congenital, and so forth. In our textbook, Principles of Neurology, we describe the various categories of neurologic disease and the main diseases that constitute each category.

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  • This book has its roots in our perceived need for a concise text to assist the practitioner in prioritizing likely diagnoses when encountering a patient complaining of neurological problems or defi cits. Though many references exist on neurological disease and differential diagnoses, few offer easily referable likely diagnoses based on common complaints and presentation. When one approaches differential diagnosis in neurology, there is frequently a feeling of overwhelming information.

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  • Although a general understanding persists that the human brain functions similarly in women and in men, an increasing body of knowledge indicates that neuronal connectivity, recruitment, and disease patterns exhibit gender differences. Imaging techniques such as positron emission computerized tomography (PET) and single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) have highlighted some gender-based differences in human brain function.

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  • After the publication of Emergency Neurology: Principles and Practice, many emergency medicine residents inquired whether a handbook based on the main text would be available. As a result, we developed a handbook to be carried by emergency physicians, extending our initial goal of disseminaing the principles of emergency neurology to emergency physicians and providing a ready resource in caring for patients with neurological emergencies. As we embarked upon the handbook project, we realized that this is a daunting challenge.

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  • In writing An Atlas of Parkinson’s Disease and Related Disorders, I have been conscious of the need to find an appropriate match between the text and the illustrative material. The text is designed to provide a basic overview of the conditions discussed, inevitably concentrating on those areas which lend themselves best to photographic illustration. Some movement disorders, by their very nature, do not lend themselves to still photography whereas others, characterized by sustained postures, are ideally suited to the technique.

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  • This book has been in the planning stage for a consider- able period of time. Each of us has been involved in the care of patients with Parkinson’s disease for many years, and we have become keenly aware of the need for a book that will help patients and their families develop a fuller understanding of what living with Parkinson’s is like. When people first learn of the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease, they generally know very little about this illness. Understandably, a myriad of questions arise.

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  • Advances in the diagnosis, prevention, treatment and cure of neurological diseases are based upon scientific discovery. The journey from discovery to treatment is often arduous and involves both basic and clinical science. Over the ages, multiple intertwined paths of discovery connect the recognition of distinct diseases of the nervous system to exquisite diagnostic descriptions, which, when coupled with the scientific understanding of the disease, have allowed the development of effective treatments and interventions...

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  • Over the past few decades the field of neurology has seen spectacular developments in diagnostic techniques, most vividly exemplified by modern neuroimaging and molecular genetics. Although not always at the same speed this evolution has gone hand in hand with an enlarging armentarium of effective therapies to treat neurological disease.

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  • James Parkinson described Parkinson’s disease in his memorable Essay on the Shaking Palsy in 1817. Since then, and particularly in recent years, there has been tremendous progress in our understanding of this complex and fascinating neurological disorder. Briefly, we have learned that it is not only manifest by motor symptoms but also that there is a whole range of non-motor features, including autonomic, psychiatric, cognitive and sensory impairments. We now know how to distinguish better clinically between Parkinson’s disease and the various parkinsonian syndromes.

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  • Sleep is a function of the brain. However, the ultimate physiological function of sleep remains enigmatic and unknown despite recent extensive research of this ubiquitous and important brain activity. Sleep intervenes in functions of somatic growth, regeneration, and memory. Sleep is important in medicine because it modulates quality of life, while its disorders provoke family pathology, disturb work routines, alter social activities, and, in general, affect the health of the individual (1).

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  • Neuro-ophthalmology is a subspecialty of neurology and ophthalmology that bridges the gap between eye and brain. This issue of Neurologic Clinics describes the key features and latest information on topics in neuro-ophthalmology of interest to practicing neurologists and, in particular, highlights areas for which referral might be reasonable to neuro-ophthalmologists. A quick review of the table of contents for this issue illustrates the depth and breadth of the neurologic topics that fall within neuro-ophthalmology.

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  • Funny turns and chest pain – funny turns are an unusual presentation for cardiac disease in children, much more commonly associated with simple faints, or neurological disease such as epilepsy. Sudden collapse may be due to arrhythmias, and collapse with exercise is a very worrying sign in a child with significant left ventricular outflow tract obstruction such as aortic stenosis. Most chest pain in children is due to musculoskeletal problems, especially in older children. Coronary artery abnormalities, and hence chest pain due to angina, is rare.

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  • This sentiment was well expressed by Charcot in one of his many teaching sessions on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It holds as true today as it did in 1865 and the search must continue but progress has been incredible in recent years. There has been an exponential increase in the number of publications dealing with ALS and motor neuron diseases in the last 50 years, as evidenced by listings in PubMed and related data bases. The Editors extend their utmost thanks to the internationally renowned experts that have contributed to this volume.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'handbook of clinical neurology vol. 82_1', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • As part of our clinical and research activities in neurology and psychiatry, we had the chance to examine hundreds of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). The Movement Disorders Unit kept us abreast of the new developments in the management of the clinical complications of PD, and made us aware of the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive complications of the disease. These problems have been speciWcally studied at the Departments of Neuropsychiatry of our Institutes, where we carry out most of our clinical and research activities in the interface between neurology and psychiatry....

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  • This volume brings together five chapters from Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition (DCP2 Jamison and others 2006). These chapters cover mental disorders, neurological disorders, learning and developmental disabilities, and alcohol and illicit opiate abuse. The purpose of this special package is similar to the overall objective of the parent volume - to provide information on cost-effectiveness of interventions for these specific groups of disorders.

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