This study compares the depicted reality the films present to
audiences with previous addiction cinema and with real-world
economic and cultural conditions. Since films privilege certain
viewpoints through representational strategies and by leaving
out alternatives, I also examine the ideologies of the films and
issues of textual silence. The study offers a critique of these
issues in the spirit of other well-known ideological film
studies, such as Ryan and Kellner's (1988) Camera Politica....
In community-dwelling elders, the relation
between dietary quality, social support
and living arrangements is controversial.
Some studies have found positive
relations,21,65,68,70,78-80 whereas others have
found diet quality to be unaffected by a
poor social network.81 It has been suggested
that geographical isolation has an
adverse effect on nutritional status among
Official statistics must be interpreted with care, as changes at the margins of firm size categories may
strongly affect size distribution and with that the picture of the role of SMEs in an economy. Wherever
possible, data should be collected on a (sub-national) regional basis as the differences in birth rates and
growth within an economy, and indeed within a locality or region, may be as substantial as between
This document provides system requirements developed and adopted by the National
Association of Theatre Owners. This document may be revised by NATO. It is
intended solely as information for system providers, product developers, and
standards committees and other organizations in standardization and certification
efforts. NATO shall not be liable for any exemplary, incidental, proximate or
consequential damages or expenses arising from the use of this document.
This document is an authorized and approved publication of NATO.
Viruses are obligate parasites which depend on living cells to multiply. Their ability to
deliver stable RNA and DNA into cells has determined their use in gene therapy. In 1983
Mann et al. developed one of the first retroviral gene therapy vectors for delivery in vitro
(Mann, Mulligan et al. 1983). This development was followed by many successfully gene
therapy trials of retroviruses (Anderson, Blaese et al. 1990; Levine and Friedmann 1991;
Blaese, Culver et al. 1993). Now, retrovirual vectors are implemented in nearly 22.2% of
clinical trials (http://www.wiley.
Earlier this year, the Texas Health and Human Services Commission reported to its state
legislature that WHP has been effective in reducing unplanned births and has saved the state
millions of dollars due to the reduction in Medicaid costs associated with those births. It
estimated that over 8,000 births were averted in 2011, yielding $54 million in net savings
(federal plus state), including more than $23 million in state savings.
These capital requirements were notable because, for
the first time, regulatory minimum capital requirements could
be based on the output of banks’ internal risk measurement
models. The market risk capital requirements thus stood in
sharp contrast to previous regulatory capital regimes, which
were based on broad, uniform regulatory measures of risk
There are no recent statistics determining the size and scope of the inbound incentive travel
market. The last estimates were provided in a report commissioned by the British Tourist
Authority and partners in 1996, which calculated the value of inbound and domestic incentive
travel (excluding air travel) to be in the region of £165 million per year.
The fact that hotels do not differentiate between conference and incentive travel group
bookings, makes it difficult to track occupancy levels.
There can be many different variations in how car-sharing is organized. This depends in part
on who is in charge or bears responsibility (a cooperative, a private firm, a municipal
government, or whatever). In addition, car-sharing organizations can be classified as being
either open or closed. A closed car-sharing organization has a set of vehicles used by a limited
group of persons, such as the employees of a firm or of a municipal authority. An open car-
sharing organization, in contrast, is one that in principle anyone can belong to.
Municipal water accounts for less than a tenth of human water use, but clean drinking water is a
critical need. Today, half of the world’s population live in towns and cities and one‐third of this
urban population live without clean drinking water. These billion have‐nots are unevenly
distributed across the globe: 700 million city dwellers in Asia, 150 million in Africa, and 120
million in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Now that we’ve reviewed the building blocks for money market funds, it’s
time to apply what you’ve learned. Imagine you’ve been given the task of
managing a large multibillion-dollar money market fund. What would you
do? Let’s give it a try.We’ll assume that the fund is a taxable general purpose
money market mutual fund.
Your responsibility to investors means that you will to do everything
you can to maintain the stable $1.00 NAV and to assure liquidity any time a
shareholder wants to withdraw cash—while providing a competitive yield.
In Mozambique, Pathfinder is going beyond traditional maternal and child health to ensure
the survival of children into adulthood. In addition to their traditional role distributing family planning
information and products, CHWs have begun distributing water-purification solution and insecticide-treated
bed nets for malaria prevention to pregnant women and mothers of children under five. They are promoting
exclusive breast-feeding to the age of six-months, iron and folate supplements for pregnant women, growth
monitoring, deworming, and proper nutrition.
Technological improvements might also involve the adoption and use of alternative fuel or
alternative propulsion vehicles. In developing countries, the most commonly discussed
alternative vehicle strategies include compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas
(LPG), alcohol-based fuels, and electric propulsion or hybrid -electric vehicles in certain
applications. Other alternative fuels showing potential long -term promise in the transport sector
include hydrogen fuel cells and various synthetic fuels for use in compression-ignition engines.
The marketing funnel is a broken metaphor that overlooks the complexity social media introduces
into the buying process. As consumers’ trust in traditional media diminishes, marketers need a
new approach. We propose a new metric, engagement, that includes four components: involvement,
interaction, intimacy, and influence. Each of these is built from data collected from online and offline
The European Environment Agency Aug. 18 released a report predicting increasingly
severe weather problems in Europe over the next generation as a result of rising
temperatures, calling the 1997 Kyoto Protocol the best first step to reversing some of the
effects of the trend. The report, Impacts of Europe's changing climate: An indicator-
based assessment, which is in line with much of the previous research into the subject,
showed that temperatures were rising in Europe faster than they are rising worldwide.
Over the last decade, the consumption of poultry products in developing countries has grown by
5.8 percent per annum, faster than that of human population growth, and has created a great
increase in demand. Family poultry has the potential to satisfy at least part of this demand
through increased productivity and reduced wastage and losses, yet still represent essentially
low-input production systems.
Operation costing is used in situations where products have some common charac-
teristics and some individual characteristics. Shoes, for example, have common character-
istics in that all styles involve cutting and sewing that can be done on a repetitive basis,
using the same equipment and following the same basic procedures. Shoes also have
individual characteristics—some are made of expensive leathers and others may be made
using inexpensive synthetic materials.
The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) is the responsible authority under
the state Water Pollution Control Act for an effective water quality compliance program for
dairies. Over the last 7 years, dairies have become well informed about good management
practices to protect the state’s surface and ground water and to manage their operations to
meet state and federal livestock water quality rules.
The WSDA Livestock Nutrient Management Program’s goal is to educate farmers about nutrient
management and protecting waters of the state.
Pneumoperitoneum is rare following blunt abdominal injury but can indicate bowel
perforation. Soft-tissue windows are used at first, they can detect large amounts of
Pneumoperitoneum who appear black (Figure 3.). Smaller collections are attempted on lung
windows, followed by bone windows. When detected on CT, it is not specific for bowel
injury because air tracking from thoracic injuries can collect in the abdomen. Following
penetrating abdominal injury, Pneumoperitoneum detected on CT is likely to indicate bowel
perforation and prompts laparotomy in most cases. ...
requires the land be able to support a range of activities
similar to its previous use before oil sands development.
There are 420 square kilometers (162 square miles) of land
that has been disturbed by oil sands activity—which is just
over half of the area of the City of Edmonton, or one third
the area of the City of Los Angeles.
As of March 2008, approximately 65 square kilometers
(25 square miles) are undergoing active reclamation.
Industry must submit reclamation plans for approval to the
Alberta government, which then issues a final certificate