busIness vocabulary In Use Elementary provides basic, essential vocabulary In a busIness context for learners of busIness English. busIness vocabulary In Use Elementary follows the same successful approach as the tried and tested In Use vocabulary...
Business Vocabulary in Use Elementary provides basic, essential vocabulary in a business context for learners of Business English. Business Vocabulary in Use Elementary follows the same successful approach as the tried and tested In Use vocabulary and grammar books, with vocabulary presentation and explanation on the left-hand page and practice on the right-hand page. The book comprises a number of thematic sections including work, time, money, products, services; and Skills units including numbers, telephoning, emails and faxes, meetings and presentations.
New Headway English Course now provides a seamless syllabus progression from beginner to upper-intermediate level. It takes a clear and structured approach to grammar. Grammatical structures are introduced in context, with questions that encourage students to work out the rules for themselves. A comprehensive 'Grammar section' at the back of the Student's Books provides a useful reference before, during or after the lesson.
This paper presents a partial solution to a component of the problem of lexical choice: choosing the synonym most typical, or expected, in context. We apply a new statistical approach to representing the context of a word through lexical co-occurrence networks. The implementation was trained and evaluated on a large corpus, and results show that the inclusion of second-order co-occurrence relations improves the performance of our implemented lexical choice program.
A Barron's bestseller for years, this book is better than ever in a brand new fourth edition. In addition to its standard vocabulary lists, this edition includes a new section called Panorama of Words. In this feature, each of the 1100 words appears in a sentence selected from among well known novels, plays, poems, and even newspaper editorials and TV broadcasts. The book is a vocabulary builder aimed directly at college-bound high school students, as well as college students who need extra vocabulary help.
"The New Oxford Picture Dictionary" and its components provide a complete, four-skills language development program. The program is: practical - a wide range of topics introduce new words in their most common context; easy to use - vocabulary items are presented without ambiguity or the need for translation versatile - the Dictionary itself and its components have unlimited applications; and flexible - the Dictionary can be used alone or with its components.
A good way to collect new words is to keep a word study notebook.
In it, you can record each new word with its definition, pronunciation,
and origins, along with an example sentence or drawing to help you
Learning new words in context can help you to remember them and also helps you to understand their meaning- This book also gives you opportunities to practise new words so that they can become part of your active vocabulary.
New Headway English Course now provides a seamless syllabus progression from Elementary to Upper-Intermediate level.
* It takes a clear and structured approach to grammar. Grammatical structures are introduced in context, with questions that encourage students to work out the rules for themselves. A comprehensive ‘Grammar section’ at the back of the Student’s Books provides a useful reference before, during or after the lesson.
This book contains 50 lessons, and each lesson introduces you to 12 new words in a specific context. If you study one lesson every day, in 50 days you can learn 600 new words. You will practice these words by doing exercises that look just like the questions on the TOEIC.
On the first page of each lesson, you will see a list of 12 words. For each word you will see the definition of the word and two sentences using the word in context. Some suffixes tell you whether a word is a noun, a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. You can leam to recognize these different suffixes. They will help you understand the meanings of new words.
It takes a clear and structured approach to grammar. Grammatical structures are introduced in context, with questions that encourage students to work out the rules for themselves. A comprehensive ‘Grammar section’ at the back of the Student’s Books provides a useful reference before, during or after the lesson.
* A well-defined vocabulary syllabus concentrates on three key areas: learning new words in lexical sets; acquiring good habits for learning vocabulary; and developing vocabulary ‘systems’ such as sound and spelling relationships.
Students need motivating but accessible material and tasks which help them read better, e,g. guessing the meaning of words and phrases from context. In New English File Pre- intermediate texts have been adapted from a variety of real sources (the press, magazines, news websites) and have been chosen for their intrinsic interest.
When you read the following text, you will probably meet words and expressions that are new to you. First try to understand their meaning from the context – read the same passage a few times. When you have read the whole text, check new words in a dictionary.
In the first edition of this book, I decided to assume that someone else had taught you C and
that you have at least a reading level of comfort with it. My primary focus was on simplifying
what I found difficult – the C++ language. In this edition I have added a chapter that is a very
rapid introduction to C, assuming that you have some kind of programming experience
already. In addition, just as you learn many new words intuitively by seeing them in context
in a novel, it’s possible to learn a great deal about C from the context in which it is...
We present a new approach to disambiguating syntactically ambiguous words in context, based on Variable Memory Markov (VMM) models. In contrast to fixed-length Markov models, which predict based on fixed-length histories, variable memory Markov models dynamically adapt their history length based on the training data, and hence may use fewer parameters. In a test of a VMM based tagger on the Brown corpus, 95.81% of tokens are correctly classified.
Unsupervised word representations are very useful in NLP tasks both as inputs to learning algorithms and as extra word features in NLP systems. However, most of these models are built with only local context and one representation per word. This is problematic because words are often polysemous and global context can also provide useful information for learning word meanings.
In this paper, we propose a new contextdependent SMT model that is tightly coupled with a language model. It is designed to decrease the translation ambiguities and efﬁciently search for an optimal hypothesis by reducing the hypothesis search space. It works through reciprocal incorporation between source and target context: a source word is determined by the context of previous and corresponding target words and the next target word is predicted by the pair consisting of the previous target word and its corresponding source word. ...
Among the various approaches to WSD, the supervised learning approach is the most successful to date. In this approach, we first collect a corpus in which each occurrence of an ambiguous word w has been manually annotated with the correct sense, according to some existing sense inventory in a dictionary. This annotated corpus then serves as the training material for a learning algorithm. After training, a model is automatically learned and it is used to assign the correct sense to any previously unseen occurrence of w in a new context. ...
Parallel Multiple Context-Free Grammar (PMCFG) is an extension of context-free grammar for which the recognition problem is still solvable in polynomial time. We describe a new parsing algorithm that has the advantage to be incremental and to support PMCFG directly rather than the weaker MCFG formalism. The algorithm is also top-down which allows it to be used for grammar based word prediction.