Soybean is the most important oilseed and livestock feed crop in the world. These dual uses are attributed to the crop's high protein content (nearly 40% of seed weight) and oil content (approximately 20%); characteristics that are not rivaled by any other agronomic crop. Across the 10-year period from 2001 to 2010, world soybean production increased from 168 to 258 million metric tons (54% increase).
Efficacy of SNS in Different Disease States
Efficacy studies have shown that malnourished patients undergoing major thoracoabdominal surgery benefit from SNS. Critical illness requiring ICU care including major burns, major trauma, severe sepsis, closed head injury, and severe pancreatitis [positive CT scan and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) 10] all benefit by early SNS, as indicated by reduced mortality and morbidity. In critical illness, initiation of SNS within 24 h of injury or ICU admission is associated with a ~50% reduction in mortality.
Disease-Specific Nutritional Support
SNS is basically a support therapy and is primary therapy only for the treatment or prevention of malnutrition. Certain conditions require modification of nutritional support because of organ or system impairment. For instance, in nitrogen accumulation disorders, protein intake may need to be reduced. However, in renal disease, except for brief periods of several days, protein intakes should approach requirement levels of at least 0.8 g/kg or higher up to 1.2 g/kg as long as the blood urea nitrogen does not exceed 100 mg/dL.
Citrus nutrition - Macroelements present of nitrogen deficiency in leafs of grapefruit; high potassium application causes; potassium deficiency symptoms; potassium increases fruit size of Valencia; magnesium deficiency in 'Shmouti' orange.
The rate of endogenous protein breakdown (catabolism) to supply energy needs normally falls during uncomplicated energy deprivation. After about 10 days of total starvation, the unstressed individual loses about 12–18 g/d protein (equivalent to approximately 2 oz of muscle tissue or 2–3 g of nitrogen).
A plant nutrient is a chemical element that is essential for plant growth and reproduction. Essential
element is a term often used to identify a plant nutrient. The term nutrient implies essentiality, so it
is redundant to call these elements essential nutrients. Commonly, for an element to be a nutrient,
it must fit certain criteria. The principal criterion is that the element must be required for a plant to
complete its life cycle. The second criterion is that no other element substitutes fully for the element
being considered as a nutrient.
Discovery of the essentiality of nitrogen is often credited to de Saussure (1–3), who in 1804 recognized that nitrogen was a vital constituent of plants, and that nitrogen was obtained mainly from the soil.
“Have you thanked a green plant today?” reads a popular bumper sticker.
Indeed, we should thank green plants for providing the food we eat, fiber for
the clothing we wear, wood for building our houses, and the oxygen we breathe.
Without plants, humans and other animals simply could not exist. Psychologists
tell us that plants also provide a sense of well-being and peace of mind,
which is why we preserve forested parks in our cities, surround our homes
with gardens, and install plants and flowers in our homes and workplaces.
There exists a range of solutions to reduce exposure to indoor air pollution. This includes
reducing the source of pollution and altering the living environment and user behavior.
Source reduction involves improved cooking devices (with or without flue attached),
cleaner fuel, and reduced need for fire. Alterations to the living environment include
improved ventilation and improved kitchen design and stove placement. Altered user
behavior includes fuel drying, stove and chimney maintenance, use of pot lids to conserve
heat, and keeping children away from the smoke (Bruce et al.
Blood Meal: Smelly source of nitrogen and phosphorus. Good to use as a mix with cottonseed meal. Expensive,
but itís good to use occasionally. Analysis can range from 12-2-1 to 11-0-0. A good nitrogen source but smelly and
expensive. This natural meal has a low pH and many trace minerals including iron. Use at 20 pounds per 1,000
square feet or 300-400 pounds per acre. A good blend is made by mixing 80 percent cottonseed meal with 20
percent blood meal. If zeolite is blended in with these two products it helps reduce odor and makes them last a...
Furthermore WFP is providing food assistance to vulnerable groups through institutional feeding
and school feeding to around 90,000 beneficiaries. WFP also provides a general food ration
consisting of cereals, CSB, sugar, fortified oil and iodised salt when available, to the rural population
affected by the humanitarian crisis, the urban poor and IDPs. In 2009 this food assistance covered
around 3 to 3.5 million people a month – almost half the population – on the basis of FSNAU
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp Original article đề tài:Effects of sulfuric acid and nitrogen deposition on mineral nutrition of Picea abies (L.) Karst...
The workshop focused on several key areas of small scale aquaculture in PNG. The nutritional
requirements and feeding of fish, the assessment and selection of feed ingredients, the principles
of formulating and manufacturing simple farm made feeds and the appropriate storage of feed
ingredients and diets. In terms of lecture content, the majority of information related to nutrition
and feeding strategies for fish. These lectures were presented by Dr’s Geoff Allan and Mark
This paper focuses on an autotrophic cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris, in low nitrogen-content media, using indoor photobioreactors. Nutritional factors, which controlled the Chlorella growth and the chemical composition of cells (i.e., proteins, carbohydrates, lipids), were studied. The moderate feeding of both N and P and/or their starvation in the photobioreactor were investigated in order to
induce a high accumulation of lipids into Chorella cells.