Non-communicable diseases

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  • The workplace as a health promotion setting Workplace health promotion (WHP) programmes, targeting physical inactivity and unhealthy dietary habits, are effective in improving health- related outcomes such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk factors. Enhancing employee productivity, improving corporate image and moderating medical care costs are some of the arguments that might foster senior management to initiate and invest in WHP programmes.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Systems medicine and integrated care to combat chronic noncommunicable diseases

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  • A pandemic is a global disease outbreak. A flu pa demic occurs when a new influenza virus emerge for which people have little or no immunity, and f which there is no vaccine. The disease spreads ea ily person-to-person, causes serious illness, and can sweep across the country and around the world in a very short time. It is difficult to predict when the next influenza pandemic will occur or how severe it will be. Wherever and whenever a pandemic starts, every one around the world is at risk.

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  • Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is an incurable, degenerative, and terminal disease with few therapeutic options [22][23]. It is a complex disease influenced by a range of genetic, environmental, and other factors [23]. Recently, Jack et al.[24] demonstrated the value of shared data in AD biomarker research. A New York Times article on the role of data sharing, in the advancement of AD research, quotes John Trojanowski at the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania Medical School: “It’s not science the way most of us have prac- ticed it in our careers.

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  • In the last decade, there has been increased recognition of the importance of addressing noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health (2) and the subsequent 2008–2013 Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (3) set out a strategy to tackle NCDs. Highlighting the importance of addressing food marketing to children was part of this plan.

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  • Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases While the burden of communicable diseases—especially HIV infection, tuberculosis, and malaria—still accounts for the majority of deaths in resourcepoor regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, close to 60% of all deaths worldwide in 2005 were due to chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Moreover, 80% of deaths attributable to NCDs occurred in low- and middle-income countries, where 85% of the global population lives. In 2005, 8.

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  • Chapter 182 provides an overview of the AIDS epidemic in the world today. Here we will limit ourselves to a discussion of AIDS in the developing world. Lessons learned in tackling AIDS in resource-constrained settings are highly relevant to discussions of other chronic diseases, including noncommunicable diseases, for which effective therapies have been developed. We highlight several of these lessons below.

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  • We investigate this possibility using a two-stage-least-squares approach: the first stage involves a regression of actual fiscal consolidation on the forecast of fiscal consolidation; and the second stage is a regression of the growth forecast error on the instrumented values of actual fiscal consolidation obtained in the first stage. As Table 3 reports, the first stage is strong, and the slope coefficient is 1.057 (t-statistic = 5.714). This coefficient close to 1 indicates that, on average, actual consolidation was neither smaller nor larger than expected.

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  • Examining specific problems—notably AIDS (Chap. 182), but also tuberculosis (TB, Chap. 158), malaria (Chap. 203), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS; Chap. 179), and key noncommunicable diseases—helps to sharpen the discussion of barriers to prevention, diagnosis, and care as well as means of overcoming them. We next discuss global health equity, drawing on notions of social justice that once were central to international public health but have fallen out of favor over the past several decades. ...

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  • The situation surrounding adoption of medical technology in the developing world is a complex and an unsatisfactory one. Global health has progressed over the last century from a focus on infectious diseases to one on research and aggressive treatment of noncommunicable diseases and improving health care quality.

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  • Physical activity in childhood is important for many reasons and a variety of sources indicate a direct relationship between physical activity and children’s health (Hope and others 2007). In early childhood physical exercise helps build strong bones, muscle strength and lung capacity (Lindon 2007). It may also increase cognitive function, improve academic achievement and accelerate neurocognitive processing. In addition, it appears that active children are also less likely to smoke, to abuse alcohol or take illegal drugs as they grow up (BHF 2009).

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  • Responding to the disease burden of Communicable and Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD), the WCO will help strengthen the national capacity to reduce morbidity and mortality due to AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, achieve high-level immunization coverage with all antigens in order to reduce the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases, achieve the eradication of polio, elimination/control of measles and neonatal tetanus, reduce morbidity due to helminthiasis, eliminate leprosy, intensify surveillance and response to epidemic-prone diseases, and reduce/control the burden of NCDs, while paying atten...

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  • The Office of Clinician Support provides a safe place for physicians to discuss and resolve a wide range of work place and personal issues. The OCS provides a blend of services ranging from creating awareness of work-engendered stresses, to discussions about work-related and personal concerns, to mental health assessments, to crisis interventions. All clinicians are seen at no charge with referrals to outside professionals as needed. OCS staff will make arrangements to meet at a convenient time, usually within 24-48 hours.

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  • Faculty are required to adhere to the hospital-wide Code of Conduct, available online at chbshare.chboston.org/elibrary/counsel/manuals/cpp/cpp/cm_000_code_of_conduct.doc. As stated on the website, the Code of Conduct applies to the trustees, employees, and medical staff of Boston Children’s Hospital and the physician practice groups at the Hospital (the Foundations).

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  • The third challenge is to develop health strategies that respond to the diverse and evolving needs of countries. This means designing cost-effective strategies which address those diseases and conditions which account for the greatest share of the burden of disease, now and in the future. In addition to the priorities reflected in the MDGs, reproductive health interventions will be essential in all countries. Efforts to reduce violence and injuries - as well as noncommunicable diseases such as those related to cardiovascular disease and tobacco use - are important almost everywhere.

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