Xem 1-20 trên 38 kết quả Nontuberculous
  • The designation nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) encompasses the mycobacterial species other than organisms of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and M. leprae. The NTM are distributed widely in the environment, are typically acquired from environmental sources, and therefore are also referred to as environmental mycobacteria. Most species are less virulent for humans than M. tuberculosis. Thus symptomatic infections are often associated with local or generalized defects in host defenses. ...

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  • Experience has proven that certain high-risk events, such as auto races and air shows, require particular planning in addition to the more generally applicable guidelines. This manual provides guidance for the particular planning of these high-risk events, as well as guidance to plan for terrorist and criminal activities. FEMA recognizes that no two events or situations are identical.

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  • Economic literature often discusses that in the area of access to finance for SMEs, a market imperfection/failure is not only present during a deep recession but also on an ongoing basis as a fundamental structural issue. The reasons for the market failure relate to insufficient supply of capital (debt or equity) and inadequacies on the demand side.

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  • The interaction between these two variables, however, provided a better predictor of beverage preference. Similar results, in terms of the interaction between product choice and usage situation were found by Green and Rao (1972), Belk (1974) and Srivastava et al. (1978). In a later study, Srivastava (1980) examined the appropriateness of financial services in a particular situation and found it to be relatively stable across situations, thus providing further support for using consumption situations as a basis for segmenting the market.

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  • Three physical measures of the 160 films are used in the analyses below, and one interaction between them. First, the average shot lengths (ASLs) of each filmwere determined. Segmenting films into shots has been a tedious and ongoing process, starting with the measurements by Cutting et al (2010). Subsequently, each filmhas been gone over several times by several individuals both with computer assistance and by hand. Although we occasionally find additional transitions previously missed, we are confident that we have found greater than 99% of themin each film....

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  • During the past decade, there has been a marked rise in the living standards of the Chinese people. The yearly growth of consumption per capita has been about 15%, and annual average growth in the savings deposit balances of residents have been over 50% since 1978. The five provinces or cities with the highest per capita consumption are Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Guangdong, and Zhejiang, while the five provinces with the highest total personal consumption are Sichuan, Guangdong, Shandong, Jiangsu, and Liaoning.

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  • Stability Bonds would make the euro-area financial system more resilient to future adverse shocks and so reinforce financial stability. Stability Bonds would provide all participating Member States with more secure access to refinancing, preventing a sudden loss of market access due to unwarranted risk aversion and/or herd behaviour among investors. Accordingly, Stability Bonds would help to smooth market volatility and reduce or eliminate the need for costly support and rescue measures for Member States temporarily excluded from market financing.

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  • This paper examines the velocity and asymmetry of the response of bank interest rates to monetary policy shocks. Using an Asymmetric Vector Error Correction Model (AVECM), it analyses the pass-through of changes in money market rates to retail bank interest rates in Italy in the period 1985-2002.

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  • The movement of vehicles on the street also results in resuspension of road dust. Emissions also occur as a result of tyre wear and brake lining wear. Although there is a lack of data, it is expected that most of these particles will be in the size range 3 to some 30µm. The chemical composition of these particles may also be very different from those derived from combustion. The road dust deposit available for resuspension comes from mechanical wear of, and dirt on, vehicles (incl. tyre and brake lining wear), debris from loads on vehicles, influx of soil material etc.

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  • For some small businesses, the security of their information, systems, and networks might not be a high priority, but for their customers, employees, and trading partners it is very important. The term Small Enterprise (or Small Organization) is sometimes used for this same category of business or organization. A small enterprise/organization may also be a nonprofit organization. The size of a small business varies by type of business, but typically is a business or organization with up to 500 employees.

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  • These results have implications for investors that integrate environmental and social data in their investment decision making process. Given recent evidence that investors across both buy-side (e.g., money managers, hedge funds, insurance companies, pension funds) and sell-side companies are paying attention to environmental and social performance metrics and disclosure (Eccles, Krzus, and Serafeim, 2011), evidence about the performance consequences of a culture of sustainability are particularly relevant. The remainder of the paper is as follows.

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  • Even if you do not own or run a business, as an accountant you will be asked to provide the valuable information needed to assist management in the decision making process. In addition, these records are invaluable for filing your organization’s tax returns. The modern method of accounting is based on the system created by an Italian monk Fra Luca Pacioli. He developed this system over 500 years ago. This great and scientific system was so well designed that even modern accounting principles are based on it.

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  • The new Universities Act (558/2009) and Polytechnics Act (564/2009) contain similar binding obligations concerning the participation of HEIs in external evaluations of their operations and quality systems, as well as in the publication of evaluation results. HEIs also have other means of fulfilling their statutory obligation than by participating in audits conducted by FINHEEC. Legislation concerning FINHEEC also enables it to operate outside national borders. Audits are carried out in Finnish, Swedish and English.

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  • In the global dairy farming arena, Australia and New Zealand are at the forefront of low cost dairy production. This competence can be largely attributed to cost effective production systems, quality pasture and the ability to milk cows without having to house them in sheds. In Australia we are able to combine our cost effective pasture based system with a more intensive partial mixed ration (PMR) system to produce high levels of cow productivity. Irrigation systems in the Southern States of Australia are coming under closer scrutiny, and the price and availability of...

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  • The physician is greatly challenged to provide optimal therapy for mycobacterial illnesses because of the increase in both drug-susceptible and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; the increasing number of pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM); drug-related toxicities and drug-drug interactions (especially in patients who have AIDS, with their complex antiretroviral drug regimens); and the plethora of new antibiotics with antimycobacterial potential.

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  • As an emphasis of this point, consider the contrast between the studies of tax evasion and in- formality. Tax evasion studies primarily focus on incentives to evade and enforce. 1 By contrast, studies of informality, usually in developing countries, consider ine¢ ciencies in production, hu- man capital accumulation, and implications to industry composition. 2 A goal of this paper is to bridge some of this gap by studying the industry distribution of semiformal income.

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  • Compagnia di Sviluppo Imprese Sociali (COSIS) set up by the Foundation Cassa di Risparmio di Roma (Fondazione CR Roma) is a financial company that issues loans to social coopera- tives and other non profit bodies. The projects financed are all aimed at combating social and financial exclusion and creating employment opportunities for low income people and/ or disadvantaged people hired by the social cooperatives. The funding has been provided by the Foundation CR Roma and through the issuance of “social” bonds as well as trough access to European funds.

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  • Through a number of technological advancements, IC3 has streamlined the way it processes and refers victim complaints to law enforcement. In 2004, IC3 developed Automatch, an automated internal complaint grouping and analytical search tool. The design of Automatch is based on an assessment of the IC3 partnership aimed at defining a joint workflow for the project partners with different service requirements.

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  • An operation that wishes to become certified can apply for certification to any of the 98 certifying agents located anywhere in the world. Organic operations must maintain an organic system plan (OSP) that has been agreed to by the certifying agent. This plan must include descriptions of how the operation will meet NOP regulations, including descriptions of monitoring practices, materials to be used in organic production or handling, and procedures to prevent the commingling or contamination of products in a split operation.

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  • Of course, measuring culture exactly is not possible. The gap analysis always contains subjective elements rather than quantifiable, neutrally measurable evaluations. Therefore, the tool serves as a proxy to become sensitized towards cultural differences. How big is the culture gap between myself as the project manager, for instance, and my customer? This is also called “cultural distance”. The gap analysis provides the management team of the international project with valuable input for the stakeholder management process.

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