(BQ) Part 1 the book "Cerebral angiography normal anatomy and vascular pathology" presents the following contents: Aortic ablationarch and origin of the cranial cerebral arteries, carotid artery, external carotid artery, anterior cerebral artery, middle cerebral artery, Extra- and intracranial vertebrobasilar sector,...
(BQ) Part 2 the book "Cerebral angiography normal anatomy and vascular pathology" presents the following contents: Vascular malformations of the central nervous system, dural arteriovenous fistulas, arteriovenous fistulas, ischemic stroke, spontaneous dissection of carotid and vertebral arteries,...
Applied Radiological Anatomy for Medical Students is the definitive atlas of
human anatomy, utilizing the complete range of imaging modalities
to describe normal anatomy and radiological findings.
Initial chapters describe all imaging techniques and introduce the
principles of image interpretation. These are followed by
comprehensive sections on each antomical region.
Hundreds of high-quality radiographs, MRI, CT and ultrasound
images are included, complemented by concise, focused text.
During the diagnosis of oral and maxillofacial diseases, clinical and radiological data play a
major role. In this region, only a good clinical diagnosis along with a radiological examination
may lead to a successful diagnosis. A successful diagnosis and evaluation of clinical
examination are generally up to a profound knowledge of the normal anatomy of the region.
Chapter 22 provides knowledge of cardiology. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Identify risk factors and prevention strategies associated with cardiovascular disease, describe the normal anatomy and physiology of the heart.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Wilcox’s surgical anatomy of the heart" presents the following contents: Lesions with normal segmental connections, lesions in hearts with abnormal segmental connections, abnormalities of the great vessels, positional anomalies of the heart.
The goal of this second edition of Medical Physiology is to
provide a clear, accurate, and up-to-date introduction to
medical physiology for medical students and students in
the allied health sciences. Physiology, the study of normal
function, is key to understanding pathophysiology and
pharmacology and is essential to the everyday practice of
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease all over the world and its frequency is steadily
increasing. The availability of a wide variety of treatment options results in improvement
or even normalization of hyperglycemia as well as of the accompanying metabolic
disorders. However people with diabetes continue to suffer from the complications of
Diabetic foot-related problems occur frequently and may have serious consequences.
Amputations at different anatomical levels are the most serious of them....
Nearly a decade elapsed between publication of the second and third editions
of Basic Medical Endocrinology due in large part to the turmoil in the publishing
industry brought on by massive consolidation.Although this edition is new and the
publisher is new, the aims of earlier editions of this work are unchanged. Its focus
remains human endocrinology with an emphasis on cellular and molecular
mechanisms presented in the context of integration of body functions.
This book is not a systematic textbook about echocardiography. It
provides a scheme for the interpretation of a study as an aide-memoire
for the experienced echocardiographer or interpreting physician and as a
learning tool for the beginner.
Since the first edition, the text has been extensively revised by the
inclusion of new guidelines, grading criteria, and normal data, including
Doppler tissue imaging. It has also been reformatted to be more easily
accessible. New chapters have been added on cardiac resynchronization
and the atria.
The electrocardiogram (ECG), introduced into clinical practice more than 100
years ago by Einthoven, constitutes a lineal recording of the heart’s electrical
activity that occurs successively over time. An atrial depolarisation wave (P
wave), a ventricular depolarisation wave (QRS complex) and a ventricular
repolarisation wave (T wave) are successively recorded for each cardiac cycle
(Figures 1A–C). As these different waves are recorded from different sites
(leads) the morphology varies (Figure 2).Nevertheless, the sequence is always
It is estimated that approximately 20 million people suffer from heart failure
worldwide. Moreover, the prevalence of heart failure still tends to increase.
A signifi cant proportion of patients with this condition have normal left
ventricular systolic function, as measured by the ejection fraction. It is
believed that in these patients, heart failure is the result of diastolic dysfunction.
This condition is, therefore, frequently referred to as diastolic heart
This compact and concise monograph lays a foundation for the understanding of normal cardiovascular function. Students welcome the book as a practical partner or alternative to a more mechanistically oriented approach or an encyclopedic physiology text. Especially clear explanations, ample illustrations, clinical cases and problems, and chapter-opening learning objectives provide guidance for self-directed learning and help fill the gap in many of today's abbreviated physiology blocks. A focus on well-established cardiovascular principles reflects recent, widely accepted research....
This book is designed to fit into a handbag or shirt pocket. It
contains material which is usually required in a hurry when
treating a critically ill or injured infant or child. In addition to
information relevant to emergency care, there are what we
hope will be useful pages of data on subjects which without a
photographic memory would normally require reference to a
paediatric text book. Examples include a weight for height
chart, normal values for common biochemical tests, normal
developmental profiles and normal ECG measurements....
A 65-year-old hypertensive male smoker requires a low anterior
resection for treatment of an upper rectal cancer. A CT scan of
the chest, abdomen, and pelvis does not show any distant metastatic
spread and his carcinoembryonic antigen is normal. What
additional preoperative laboratory studies and adjunctive testing
A complete history and physical examination is perhaps the
single most important step for guiding preoperative preparation.
In recent years, there has been a paradigm shift in learning, speciﬁcally the
manner in which information is gathered and ingested. This is particularly no-
table in subject matter that covers great breadth or is rapidly evolving, such as
medicine, and more speciﬁcally, diagnostic imaging. Students and residents
(and for that matter, practicing radiologists) quickly turn to the Internet to
“Google™” unknown factoids, rapidly gathering information, in many cases
without source validation.
THE ESSENCE OF THE GUIDELINES presented here—start with your reports,
enter the data directly into the computer, validate on entry, and
monitor your results continuously—first appeared in a newsletter I
edited in the mid-1980s.The reactions of readers then ranged from
tepid to outwardly hostile:“We can’t afford to give every physician a
computer,” raged one data manager, ignoring the $10,000 per patient
that is the normal minimal expense for clinical data.
The recent introduction of Multidetector Computed
Tomography (MDCT) represents a milestone
in the evolution of Computed Tomography,
that started in the decade of 1970. Faster
velocities of acquisition, higher spatial and temporal
resolution, and better image quality are
advantages of MDCT over the former singleslice
systems that allow the development of
cardiac applications on a realistic basis.
Vitamins and trace minerals are required constituents of the human diet since they are either inadequately synthesized or not synthesized in the human body. Only small amounts of these substances are needed for carrying out essential biochemical reactions (e.g., acting as coenzymes or prosthetic groups). Overt vitamin or trace mineral deficiencies are rare in Western countries due to a plentiful, varied, and inexpensive food supply; however, multiple nutrient deficiencies may appear together in persons who are chronically ill or alcoholic.
The plasma cell disorders are monoclonal neoplasms related to each other by virtue of their development from common progenitors in the B lymphocyte lineage. Multiple myeloma, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, primary amyloidosis (Chap. 324), and the heavy chain diseases comprise this group and may be designated by a variety of synonyms such as monoclonal gammopathies, paraproteinemias, plasma cell dyscrasias, and dysproteinemias.