Nuclear power approximately supplies a sixth of the world's electricity and considers
as the major source of "carbon-free" energy today. With growing concerns aboutglobal
warming, it is not surprising that governments and power providers around the world
are considering building a substantial number of additional nuclear power plants.
These plants have demonstrated remarkable reliability and efficiency with the help of
extensive research work and sharing operational practical experience.
AT THE transition to the new millennium the future of nuclear energy looks
brighter. Nuclear power plants worldwide have operated safely.
Applications for extension of reactor operating licenses in the U.S. are in
place and construction is continuing abroad.
Uses of isotopes and radiation in applications to medicine, research, and
industry continue to assure human benefit. Research and development are
active in the areas of controlled fusion, accelerator uses, isotope separation,
space exploration, and excess weapons material disposition.
This book covers various topics, from thermal-hydraulic analysis to the safety analysis of nuclear power plant. It does not focus only on current power plant issues. Instead, it aims to address the challenging ideas that can be implemented in and used for the development of future nuclear power plants. This book will take the readers into the world of innovative research and development of future plants. Find your interests inside this book!Steam Generator
An important aspect of nuclear reactor core analysis involves the determination of the optimal coolant flow distribution and pressure drop across the reactor core. On the one hand, higher coolant flow rates will lead to better heat transfer coefficients and higher Critical Heat Flux (CHF) limits. On the other hand, higher flows rates will also in large pressure drops across the reactor core, hence larger required pumping powers and larger dynamic loads on the core components.
This introduction to nuclear physics provides an excellent basis for a core undergraduate course in this area. The authors show how simple models can provide an understanding of the properties of nuclei, both in their ground and excited states, and of the nature of nuclear reactions. They include chapters on nuclear fission, its application in nuclear power reactors, the role of nuclear physics in energy production and nucleosynthesis in stars.
On 23 March 1989, electrochemists M. Fleischmann and S. Pons claimed in a press conference at the University of Utah that they had achieved nuclear fusion in a tabletop chemistry experiment. Since then, evidence of fusion in what is now called low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR) research has grown only slightly stronger. Their hypothesis that a novel form of thermonuclear fusion was responsible for their experimental results is still unproved.
NMR is an experiment in which the resonance
frequencies of nuclear magnetic systems are
NMR always employs some form of magnetic field
(usually a strong externally applied field B0)
NMR is a form of both absorption and emission
spectroscopy, in which resonant radiation is absorbed by
an ensemble of nuclei in a sample, a process causing
detectable emissions via a magnetically induced
This book provides a review of image analysis techniques as they are applied
in the field of diagnostic and therapeutic nuclear medicine. Driven in part by
the remarkable sophistication of nuclear medicine instrumentation and increase
in computing power and its ready and inexpensive availability, this is
a relatively new yet rapidly expanding field. Likewise, although the use of
nuclear imaging for diagnosis and therapy has origins dating back almost to
the pioneering work of Dr G.
This report provides a long-term assessment of and outlook for nuclear physics. The first
phase of the report articulates the scientific rationale and objectives of the field, while the second
phase provides a global context for the field and its long-term priorities and proposes a
framework for progress through 2020 and beyond. The full statement of task for the committee is
in Appendix A.
Nuclear Medicine is a fascinating application of nuclear physics. This wikibook is intended to support a basic introductory course in an early semester of an undergraduate program. It assumes that students have completed decent high school programs in maths and physics and are concurrently taking subjects in the medical sciences.
There is a great difference between the superficial reading of a film and the proper
interpretation of a clinical scintigraphic image by an imaging specialist. Fully utilizing
the clinical image, the imaging specialist evaluates both the anatomical and the
physiological structure of the human body. First the specialist must appreciate the
patient’s clinical problem.Working from this clinical context, he then applies his understanding
of the pathophysiological basis of disease and his knowledge of how
such pathology may translate into various imaging patterns.
It has been an honor and a privilege to chair the committee on the state
of science in nuclear medicine. As a diagnostic radiologist, a clinicianscientist,
and the chairperson of a large academic radiology department,
I have been exposed to the many advances in nuclear medicine and
have observed their clinical benefits up close. Participating in this review,
however, has allowed me to step back and appreciate the magnitude of
the progress that has been achieved, and the crucial role that government
funding has played in it.
NMR in solids, like solution-state, relies
on the behavior of nuclear spin energy
levels in a magnetic field. However, the
interactions that affect NMR spectra act
In liquids, molecules reorient and
diffuse quickly, leading to narrow
In solids, the fixed orientation of
individual crystallites leads to a range
of resonance frequencies for
.Committee on Assuring a Future U.S.-Based Nuclear Chemistry Expertise Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board Division on Earth and Life Studies Board on Higher Education and Workforce Division on Policy and Global Affairs
The International Symposium on Nuclear Structure Physics (NP2001) was
held in Gottingen Germany, March 5-8, 2001. The aim of the Symposium
was to discuss recent achievements and new initiatives for research in nuclear
structure and to celebrate the career of Peter von Brentano.
For the first time since the design of the first nuclear submarine, the U.S. Navy has no nuclear submarine design program under way, which raises the possibility that design capability could be lost. Such a loss could result in higher costs and delays when the next submarine design is undertaken, as well as risks to system
This book covers new experimental and theoretical studies that focus on the modern developments of nuclear fission, aiming at various applications in a wide range of fields and bringing together scientists working in different fields related to nuclear fission.