Xem 1-10 trên 10 kết quả Nutritional anemia
  • For half a billion women in developing regions worldwide, anemia is a life-long burden, one which affects most of their infants and young children as well. Controlling anemia in these vulnerable groups could significantly reduce maternal and infant morbidity. It would also enhance intellectual and work capacity, thereby improving family, community and national socioeconomic development. In May 2002, the General Assembly of the United Nations reemphasized that control of nutritional anemia should be one of the global Development Goals to be achieved in the early years of this new millennium.

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  • Nutritional Dietary folate deficiency is common. Indeed, in most patients with folate deficiency a nutritional element is present. Certain individuals are particularly prone to have diets containing inadequate amounts of folate (Table 100-5). In the United States and other countries where fortification of the diet with folic acid has been adopted, the prevalence of folate deficiency has dropped dramatically and is now almost restricted to high-risk groups with increased folate needs.

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  • Approach to the Patient: Anemia The evaluation of the patient with anemia requires a careful history and physical examination. Nutritional history related to drugs or alcohol intake and family history of anemia should always be assessed. Certain geographic backgrounds and ethnic origins are associated with an increased likelihood of an inherited disorder of the hemoglobin molecule or intermediary metabolism.

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  • Nutritional Iron Balance The balance of iron in humans is tightly controlled and designed to conserve iron for reutilization. There is no regulated excretory pathway for iron, and the only mechanisms by which iron is lost from the body are blood loss (via gastrointestinal bleeding, menses, or other forms of bleeding) and the loss of epithelial cells from the skin, gut, and genitourinary tract. Normally, the only route by which iron comes into the body is via absorption from food or from medicinal iron taken orally.

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  • T he science of human nutrition and its applications to health promotion continue to gain momentum. In the relatively short time since the release of the first edition of this Encyclopedia, a few landmark discoveries have had a dramatic multiplying effect over nutrition science: the mapping of the human genome, the links between molecular bioenergetics and lifespan, the influence of nutrients on viral mutation, to name a few.

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  • Good nutrition is vital to good health and is absolutely essential for the healthy growth and development of  children and adolescents. Major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States are related to poor diet and  a sedentary lifestyle. Specific diseases and conditions linked to poor diet include cardiovascular disease, hyper­ tension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity, osteoporosis, constipation, diverticular disease, iron deficiency anemia, oral disease, malnutrition, and some cancers.

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  • SRH programs can help improve the nutritional status of women and their children and advance progress on the hunger and maternal and child health targets. Supplemental feeding programs for pregnant women, improving wom- en’s knowledge of the nutritional requirements of themselves and their children and increasing women’s power to negotiate access to needed nutrition must be part of a multi-intervention strategy. Closely spaced pregnancies and the associated high fertility levels place women at an increased risk of anemia and other conditions of absolute and relative malnutrition.

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  • The main objective of the 2010 RDHS was to obtain current information on demography, family planning, maternal mortality, infant and child mortality, and health related information such as breastfeeding, antenatal care, delivery, children’s immunization, and childhood diseases. In addition, the survey was designed to evaluate the nutritional status of mothers and children, to measure the prevalence of anemia among women and children, and to measure the prevalence of HIV infection among the male and female adult population.

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  • The 2010 RDHS provides data to monitor the population and health situation in Rwanda. Specifically, the 2010 RDHS collected information on a broad range of demographic, health, and social issues such as household characteristics, maternal and child health, breastfeeding practices, early childhood mortality, maternal mortality, nutritional status of women and young children, fertility levels, marriage, fertility preferences, awareness and use of family planning methods, sexual activity, and awareness and behavior regarding AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "BRS Pathology" presents the following contents: Cellular reaction to injury, inflammation, hemodynamic dysfunction, genetic disorders, immune dysfunction, neoplasia, environmental pathology, nutritional disorders, vascular system, the heart, anemia, neoplastic and proliferative disorders of the hematopoietic and lymphoid systems.

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