The concept of obligations erga omnes – obligations owed to the
international community as awhole – has fascinated international
lawyers for decades, yet its precise implications remain unclear.
This book assesses how this concept affects the enforcement of
international law. It shows that all States are entitled to invoke
obligations erga omnes in proceedings before the International
Court of Justice, and to take countermeasures in response to
serious erga omnes breaches. In addition, it suggests ways of
identifying obligations that qualify as erga omnes.
Once you are satisfied that you are getting an even cut (and be prepared for a few
failures at first, so use test pieces), resaw the piece all the way through. If you are
trying to get more than two pieces from your stock, flip it over and resaw again
referring off the other flat face. Now you are left with two pieces that are surfaced on
one side and rough on the other, and one piece that is rough on both sides. Depending
on the thickness you started with and the thicknesses of the two cuts you made, the...
under the multiemployer insurance program, PBgC generally provides financial
assistance to an insolvent plan in the form of a loan or loans, although it occasionally
provides lump-sum settlements in lieu of future financial assistance. loans are usually
made quarterly but sometimes monthly in an amount which, when combined with the
plan’s other income, covers both the plan’s reasonable administrative expenses and its
statutorily guaranteed benefits payments.
The fiscal year (FY) 2011 Financial Report of the United States Government (Report) provides the President,
Congress, and the American people with a comprehensive view of the Federal Government’s finances, i.e., its
financial position and condition, its revenues and costs, assets and liabilities, and other obligations and
commitments. The Report also discusses important financial issues and significant conditions that may affect future
Therefore, a sub-fund entering into OTC transactions will be subject to the risk that its direct counterparty will not
perform its obligations under the transactions and that a sub-fund will sustain losses. The Company will only enter into transactions with
counterparties which it believes to be creditworthy, and may reduce the exposure incurred in connection with such transactions through
the receipt of letters of credit or collateral from certain counterparties.
Raul’s investment in his son’s musical training went much further, though. Villa-Lobos recounted
that his father adapted a small cello for him, placing a support on a viola, and obliged him to
“discern the genre, style, nature and origin of the musical works to which he made [him] listen.”
Since he had neither built up a wide circle of relations, nor invested in a career yielding higher
financial returns, this precocious initiation in classical music was practically the only legacy that
Raul left to Heitor; in 1899, when he was 37 years old, he died after contracting smallpox.
Other functions not described in this document may be available. However, this fact shall not constitute an obligation to supply such functions with a new control, or when
servicing.We have checked that the contents of this document correspond to the hardware and software described. There may be discrepancies nevertheless, and no guarantee can be given that they are completely identical. The information contained in this document is reviewed regularly and any necessary changes will be included in the next edition. We welcome suggestions for improvement.
The expansion of agriculture to open access forest lands is a major environmental
consequence of poverty, food insecurity, and landlessness in many countries, notably in the tropics.
Although nominally managed by the state, forests made accessible by the construction of roads
become de facto “open access” in the wake of logging operations by private concessionaires, who
often fail to comply with their obligations to manage the forest sustainably after harvest.