Observing proposals

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  • In 1995, the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council issued a report entitled Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology, which recommended tracking federal investments in the creation of new knowledge and technologies—what the report referred to as the federal science and technology budget (FS&T).

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  • Research is an activity which people undertake in order to find things in a systematic way as a means of increasing their knowledge base. Dissertations must follow Graduate School guidelines, whereas criteria for style and organization of a research paper are at the discretion of the professor.

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  • The ideal experiment to evaluate the impact of socially responsible investing on performance and fees would be to observe the same funds both with and without the SRI constraint. Most previous studies (Gregory et al., 1997; Statman, 2000; Kreander et al., 2005; Bauer et al., 2005) approximate the ideal experiment by comparing the performance of SRI funds to that of a control group of comparable conventional funds, a methodology that is known as matched-pair analysis.

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  • Neural Network-Based Adaptive Controller Design of Robotic Manipulators with an Observer Fuchun Sun, Member, IEEE, Zengqi Sun, Senior Member, IEEE, and Peng-Yung Woo, Member, IEEE Abstract—A neural network (NN)-based adaptive controller with an observer is proposed in this paper for the trajectory tracking of robotic manipulators with unknown dynamics nonlinearities. It is assumed that the robotic manipulator has only joint angle position measurements.

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  • Exciting new observational and theoretical advances lead today's solar physicists to challenge many of the predictions of even recent models. This volume summarizes the major questions at the forefront of solar physics theory and observations, and proposes priority recommendations to explore these questions.

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  • Astronomy is the most ancient science humans have practiced on Earth. It is a science of extremes and of large numbers: extremes of time – from the big bang to infinity –, of distances, of temperatures, of density and masses, of magnetic field, etc.

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  • Characterizing the evolution of Internet topology is important to our understanding of the Internet architecture and its interplay with technical, economic and social forces. A major challenge in obtaining empirical data on topology evolution is to identify real topology changes from the observed topology changes, since the latter can be due to either topology changes or transient routing dynamics. In this paper, we formulate the topology liveness problem and propose a solution based on the analysis of BGP data.

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  • Good communication is essential! We will provide information to new tenants as it relates to operations and policies specifically tailored for your property. It will also include information on how to handle emergencies. We have developed specific guidelines for our Property Managers to assist in monitoring your property. To ensure your expectations are met, we will conduct frequent site inspections. All resulting issues will be addressed with the Landlord. All contract specifications will be observed and monitored to ensure that what is agreed to and expected is delivered....

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  • This section lays out a two-part plan to solve the retirement crisis by making some bold changes to the private retirement system and Social Security. The first proposal would rebuild the private pension system by providing universal access to Universal, Secure, and Adaptable (“USA”) Retirement Funds, a new type of private pension plan that would give people the opportunity to earn a secure benefit and would be easy for employers to offer.

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  • During both the second and third residency years, the pediatric residents had a four-week rotation of developmental and behavioral pediatrics/pediatric neurology. The schedule for this rotation was set by the developmental pediatricians who were also the project coordinators of PPHE. The partner family was contacted, and the family and community agency visits were added to the schedule of the rotation. During the third year, the physicians visited the same partner family they met the year before. This allowed them to observe the changes after a year of development and services.

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  • The very latest research is uncovering a stream of evidence revealing evolution in action - from the actual observation of a species splitting into two, to new fossil discoveries, to the deciphering of the evidence stored in our genome. Why Evolution is True weaves together the many threads of modern work in genetics, palaeontology,geology, molecular biology, anatomy, and development to demonstrate the 'indelible stamp' of the processes first proposed by Darwin. It is a crisp, lucid, and accessible statement that will leave no one with an open mind in any doubt about the truth of evolution....

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  • In real life, there is always some kind of noise present in the observations. Noise can correspond to actual physical noise in the measuring devices, or to inaccuracies of the model used. Therefore, it has been proposed that the independent component analysis (ICA) model should include a noise term as well. In this chapter, we consider different methods for estimating the ICA model when noise is present.

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  • Driven by the necessity to incorporate the observed stylized features of asset prices, continuous-time stochastic modeling has taken a predominant role in the financial literature over the past two decades. Most of the proposed models are particular cases of a stochastic volatility component driven by a Wiener process superposed with a pure-jump component accounting for the

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  • However, some scientists are working on earthquake precursors and forecasting research and this is a big challenge. Chapter in this book will be devoted to different aspects of the Earthquake Research and analysis, from theoretical advances for practical applications. The first two chapters for statistical analysis. About ten chapters in Part II focus on research precursors of earthquakes and forecasting. Some proposed new methods for early detection, as well as observations of earthquakes through the use of social sensors....

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  • EXTENSIONS AND RELATED METHODS Independent Component Analysis. Aapo Hyv¨ rinen, Juha Karhunen, Erkki Oja a Copyright  2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBNs: 0-471-40540-X (Hardback); 0-471-22131-7 (Electronic) 15 Noisy ICA In real life, there is always some kind of noise present in the observations. Noise can correspond to actual physical noise in the measuring devices, or to inaccuracies of the model used. Therefore, it has been proposed that the independent component analysis (ICA) model should include a noise term as well.

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  • Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code relates to the qualification of welders, welding operators, brazers, and brazing operators and the procedures employed in welding of brazing in accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and the ASME B31 Code for Pressure Piping. Section IX establishes the basic criteria for welding and brazing which are observed in the preparation of welding and brazing requirements that affect procedure and performance.

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  • Combining materials from a wide variety of sources with Michael Zander’s authoritative commentary, this book provides the tools with which an observer of the English legal system can discover how it functions, the problems it faces and the current reforms proposed.

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  • In this paper, we propose a new event recognition framework for consumer videos by leveraging a large amount of loosely labeled YouTube videos. Our work is based on the observation that a large amount of loosely labeled YouTube videos can be readily obtained by using keywords (also called tags) based search. However, the quality of YouTube videos is generally lower than con- sumer videos because YouTube videos are often down- sampled and compressed by the web server.

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  • In this paper, we observe that there exists a second dimension to the relation extraction (RE) problem that is orthogonal to the relation type dimension. We show that most of these second dimensional structures are relatively constrained and not difficult to identify. We propose a novel algorithmic approach to RE that starts by first identifying these structures and then, within these, identifying the semantic type of the relation.

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  • Mining bilingual data (including bilingual sentences and terms1) from the Web can benefit many NLP applications, such as machine translation and cross language information retrieval. In this paper, based on the observation that bilingual data in many web pages appear collectively following similar patterns, an adaptive pattern-based bilingual data mining method is proposed.

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