Xem 1-20 trên 26 kết quả Occupational cancer
  • The European Union’s CAREX database of occupational exposures to carcinogens estimated that in the early 1990s 22-24 million workers in the then 15 EU member states were exposed to carcinogens classified as group 1 by the International Agency for Research on Cancer – those known to cause cancer in humans. Overall, 32 million workers, 23 per cent of the working population, had workplace exposures associated by the CAREX database with an occupational cancer risk.

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  • Even with “clean” technology and improved, modern, workplace safety practices, the risks can be real. A 2006 US study using the firm’s own ‘Corporate Mortality File’, found staff employed at IBM computer factories had high rates of a range of cancers linked to exposures to chemicals and electromagnetic fields. Studies have found similar problems in computer factories in other countries. Office jobs too can have their risks.

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  • Cancer, this complex group of diseases with serious implications not just for individuals and their families, but also for society in general and health systems in particular, remains an important health challenge in Slovenia, in Europe and world-wide. At present, with more than 3 million new cases and 1.7 million deaths each year, cancer represents the second most important cause of death and morbidity in Europe.

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  • Genes contain the recipes for the various proteins a cell needs to stay healthy and function normally. Some genes and the proteins they make can influence how a breast cancer behaves and how it might respond to a specific treatment. Cancer cells from a tissue sample can be tested to see which genes are normal and abnormal. The proteins they make can also be tested. If the genetic recipe contains a mistake the report will say “genetic mutation” or “genetic abnormality.

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  • GM-CSF is one of several naturally occurring glycoproteins that regulate leukocyte production, migration and function. It has been produced in different cell types, with different properties that depend on the production process used. The purpose of this work was to characterize the recombinant human GM-CSF from an engineered Chinese hamster ovary cell line grown in suspension and as adherent culture for the identification of the glycosylation sites and the defi-nition of the glycosidic moiety, including the degree of site occupancy....

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  • This article offers a brief overview of the health evidence on Agent Orange and cancer, to help clinicians serve Vietnam veteran patients and their family members. The evidence comes from several sources including studies of Vietnam veterans, workers exposed to herbicides or dioxins (since dioxins contaminated the herbicide mixtures used in Vietnam) in occupational settings, and studies of health effects among Vietnamese populations in the aftermath of the war. This article does not offer a complete review of all these lines of evidence.

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  • A variety of occupational risks is known to cause cancer. Every year more than seven million people die of cancer. Forty percent of these cases could be prevented which means that one in every ten cancer deaths is preventable through interventions targeted on exposure in the working environment. The articles in this issue of GOHNET highlight some aspects of the problem and the prevention of occupational cancer.

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  •        Given the rapid pace of research findings and clinical refinement related to cancer prevention and treatment, the content of the NCI Thésaurus evolves rapidly. To keep the information as up to date as possible, a new release is made every month. With nearly a dozen full time subject matter experts working on different parts of the terminology, a well-structured and complex process is used to ensure accuracy and coherence. NCI uses the Apelon, ...

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  • Countless organizations have their own intricate and well-developed thesauri that have been refined over many years. With consummate converters, these thesauri can become a strong and useful element on the semantic web. Like the Thésaurus from the National Cancer Institute, many are available in an unusual form of XML, or not in XML at all. As in this case, simple translations using standard XML parsers often will not be a reasonable solution for making the transition to RDF or OWL. The most time...

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  • Very limited evidence was available to inform the following recommendations on screening. No prospective studies have evaluated the impact of screening on survival, quality of life, or morbidity from treatment for skin cancer nor are there data on the adverse effects of screening for skin cancer. As experts in the treatment and epidemiology of skin cancer, the guideline panel members were aware that some individuals are at increased risk for skin cancer because of personal characteristics or history.

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  • With advances in the management of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) the incidence of mechanical complications continues to decline. Nevertheless, when they occur, unfortunately, despite similar advances and growing experiences in the surgical management of these problems, morbidity and mortality remain high. Post-myocardial infarction ventricular septal defects (PI-VSD) have fascinated and challenged clinicians for years.

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  • The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is an integral part of the United States Department of Transportation (DOT) and its mission is to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce traffic-related health care and other economic costs associated with motor vehicle use and highway travel. To accomplish this, NHTSA collects and analyzes motor vehicle crash data, and develops, promotes, and implements educational programs, vehicle safety standards, research, and enforcement programs.

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  • During the last decades, cancer diseases have increased all over the world. The low quality of food and strong pollution of environment are the main prerequisites for carcinogenesis. The main problem for scientists is to find strategy for prevention of cancer diseases. Therefore, the information about models for studying carcinogenesis and mutagens which appear during cooking, environmental pollutants, and tests for specific detection of carcinogens is particularly important.

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  • Transurethral biopsy of the prostate was another approach that had been described but unlike the previous method described it required a general anaesthetic and a period of hospitalization. Denton et al. held that an extensive transurethral prostatectomy would nearly always confirm the diagnosis (Denton et al., 1967) and Grabstald commented that this transurethral biopsy might be useful in advanced tumours (Grabstald, 1965b).

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  • Psychological distress increases with the intensity of cancer pain. Cancer pain is often under-reported and under-treated for a variety of complex reasons, partly due to a number of beliefs held by patients, families and healthcare professionals. There is evidence that cognitive behavioural techniques that address catastrophising and promote self-efficacy lead to improved pain management. Group format pain management programmes could contribute to the care of cancer survivors with persistent pain.

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  • Like several other implements of child abuse, motor vehicles are household necessities. If not used properly, however, they can be deadly weapons. A ride in the family van, sports utility vehicle (SUV), pickup truck or sedan can become lethal if adults do not take appropriate precautions, including using proper child restraints and avoiding DUI restraints.

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  • Before choosing or recommending information resources for men with prostate cancer, health- care professionals should check that their content is clear, reliable and up to date. Healthcare professionals should seek feedback from men with prostate cancer and their carers to identify the highest quality information resources. Healthcare professionals caring for men with prostate cancer should ascertain the extent to which the man wishes to be involved in decision making and ensure that he has sufficient information to do so.

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  • A: high-fat diet can increase the risk of many cancers, including endometrial cancer. Because fatty foods are also high-calorie foods, a high-fat diet can lead to obesity, which is also an endometrial cancer risk factor. Some doctors think that fatty foods may have a direct effect on estrogen levels, which can increase risk, too. Exercise protects against endometrial cancer. Studies found that women who exercised more had a lower risk of this cancer, while one study showed that women who spent more time sitting had a higher risk....

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  • More people today face a workplace cancer risk than at any other time in history. It’s just that most of them don’t know it. A World Health Organisation (WHO) study concluded 20-30 per cent of males and 5-20 per cent of females in the working-age population could have been exposed to an occupational lung cancer risk during their working lives. Figures from the French national statistic office DARES published in 2005 revealed more than 1 in 8 workers was exposed to workplace substances that can cause cancer. It concluded 13.

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  • Investigate Review existing sources, like workplace sick leave, accident, compensation and pension records. Don’t forget retired members – many cancers take decades to emerge, so may only occur after a worker has finished working. Newspaper reports may highlight local deaths linked to occupational disease. Where there is a suspicion of a problem, dig deeper. Surveys Do-it-yourself research can quickly identify problems. This need not be a highly scientific and time-consuming business.

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