The book contains fundamentals of solar radiation, its ecological impacts, applications, especially in agriculture, architecture, thermal and electric energy. Chapters are written by numerous experienced scientists in the field from various parts of the world. Apart from chapter one which is the introductory chapter of the book, that gives a general topic insight of the book, there are 24 more chapters that cover various fields of solar radiation.
Greenhouse gases are accumulating in Earth’s atmosphere
as a result of human activities, causing surface air
temperatures and subsurface ocean temperatures to rise.
Temperatures are, in fact, rising. The changes observed over
the last several decades are likely mostly due to human activities,
but we cannot rule out that some significant part of
these changes is also a reflection of natural variability.
Human-induced warming and associated sea level rises are
expected to continue through the 21st century.
In case of the control period (1961-1990), the initial and the lateral boundary conditions for
the regional model are taken from (i) the ERA-40 reanalysis database (Uppala et al., 2005)
using 1° horizontal resolution, compiled by the European Centre for Medium-range
Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), and (ii) the HadCM3 ocean-atmosphere coupled GCM using
~150 km as a horizontal resolution. For the validation of the PRECIS results CRU TS
1.2 (Mitchell & Jones, 2005) datasets were used.
Hydrodynamics and morphodynamics of a seasonally forced tidal inlet system are investigated using numerical models. The ocean forcing including tidal and wave actions and sediment transport is simulated using Delft3D model. Fluvial processes in Delft3D are taken into account as results from SOBEKRURAL model.