The operational procedures of the Bank of Greece underwent major changes during the 1990s. These shifts in operational strategy made interest rates the main tool of monetary policy for the first time in Greece. This paper examines the effects of changes in the bank’s operational interest rates on market interest rates at eight maturities and for different operational regimes. A major feature of our study is the application of the event study methodology used in finance, which has not been employed in any previous study on this subject.
The series is designed to bring today’s managers and professionals the fundamental information they need to stay competitive in a fastmoving world. From the preeminent thinkers whose work has deﬁned an entire ﬁeld to the rising stars who will redeﬁne the way we think about business, here are the leading minds and landmark ideas that have established the Harvard Business Review as required reading for ambitious businesspeople in organizations around the globe.
In selecting our gurus, we began by making a list of established marketing gurus, such Philip Kotler, who have dominated marketing thinking for decades. Then, we went looking for the newcomers. We browsed the on-line
and off-line bookstores. We consulted the marketing journals, both popularand academic. We cruised the Internet. We searched for those who were making a splash with new marketing ideas.
Billions of dollars have been wasted on marketing programs that couldn’t possibly work, no matter how
clever or brilliant. Or how big the budgets.
Many managers assume that a well-designed, well-executed, well-financed marketing program will
work. It’s not necessarily so. And you don’t have to look further than IBM, General Motors, and Sears,Roebuck to find examples
This book presents the first integrated, single-source reference on market-oriented grid and utility computing. Divided into four main parts—and with contributions from a panel of experts in the field—it systematically and carefully explores:
Foundations—presents the fundamental concepts of market-oriented computing and the issues and challenges in allocating resources in a decentralized computing environment.
In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Companywide strategic planning: Defining Marketing ’s role, designing the business portfolio, planning Marketing: Partnering to build customer relationships, Marketing strategy and the Marketing mix, managing the Marketing effort, measuring and managing return on Marketing investment.
The 22 Immutable Laws of Marketing
Introduction Billions of dollars have been wasted on marketing programs that could never work. A marketing program can be well designed, well executed and well financed but still not work - because it violates one or many of the fundamental laws of marketing and is therefore doomed to failure. Marketing has fundamental laws just as nature does, but most marketers don't believe so. Programs that work are almost always in tune with some fundamental force in the marketplace.
Market Analysis and Development refers to the development of economically viable and sustainable produc t processing and marketing opportunities for rural areas. In the Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (CPRGS) the Government currently attaches high priority to the introduction of good business models and small-scale enterprise opportunitie s for poor households in rural areas.
Chapter 3 provides knowledge of scanning the marketing environment. After reading chapter 3, you should be able to: Explain how environmental scanning provides information about social, economic, technological, competitive, and regulatory forces; describe how social forces such as demographics and culture can havean impact on marketing strategy; discuss how economic forces such as macroeconomic conditions and consumer income affect marketing.
Chapter 3 - Scanning the marketing environment. After reading chapter 3, you should be able to: Explain how environmental scanning provides information about social, economic, technological, competitive, and regulatory forces; describe how social forces such as demographics and culture can havean impact on marketing strategy; discuss how economic forces such as macroeconomic conditions and consumer income affect marketing.
Tài liệu tham khảo ôn tập môn Marketing với bộ 200 câu hỏi ôn tập trắc nghiệm Marketing căn bản, dành cho các bạn sinh viên đang theo học chuyên ngành kinh tế, marketing, quan hệ kinh tế quốc tế,...Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.
Quản trị Marketing : là quá trình phân tích, lập KH, thực hiện, ktra việc thi hành những biện pháp nhằm thiết lập duy trì, cung cấp những cuộc trao đổi có lợi với người mua đã được lựa chọn để đạt được những nhiệm vụ đã được xác định của tổ chức như mở rộng thông tin, phát triển khối lượng bán, tăng lợi nhuận.
Market Leader is an elementary level business English course for businesspeople and students of business English. It has been developed in association with the Financial Times, one of the leading sources of business information in the world. It consists of 12 units based on topics of great interest to everyone involved in international business.The new edition features new authentic texts and listenings throughout, reflecting the latest trends in the business world.
My 40-year career in marketing has produced some knowledge and
even a little wisdom. Reflecting on the state of the discipline, it occurred
to me that it is time to revisit the basic concepts of marketing.
First, I listed the 80 concepts in marketing critical today and
spent time mulling over their meanings and implications for sound
business practice. My primary aim was to ascertain the best principles
and practices for effective and innovative marketing. I found this
journey to be filled with many surprises, yielding new insights and
Part II of this book focuses on financial markets, markets in which funds are trans-
ferred from people who have an excess of available funds to people who have a short-
age. Financial markets such as bond and stock markets are crucial to promoting
greater economic efficiency by channeling funds from people who do not have a pro-
ductive use for them to those who do. Indeed, well-functioning financial markets are
a key factor in producing high economic growth, and poorly performing financial
markets are one reason that many countries in the world remain desperately poor.
Quan điểm Marketing định hướng sản xuất: Người tiêu dùng sẽ ưa thích những sp bán với giá
hạ, phân phối 1 cách rộng rãi. Vì vậy DN cần tập trung mọi nỗ lực của mình
vào việc mở rộng SX & phân phối. Qua đó đạt được hiệu quả trong KD. Nhưng
giá hạ sẽ ảnh hưởng đến chất lượng, phân phối rộng rãi sẽ tốn kém. Vì vậy thị
trường đòi hỏi qui mô lớn, mới có lãi. Hạn chế đối với DN nhỏ. Và thị trường
phải nhạy cảm về giá....
Tài liệu ôn tập môn Marketing "Bộ đề trắc nghiệm marketing căn bản" với câu hỏi ôn tập trắc nghiệm, dành cho các bạn sinh viên đang theo học chuyên ngành kinh tế, marketing, quan hệ kinh tế quốc tế,...Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.