In these ongoing negotiations, three main groupings have emerged. A cautious group comprising
European and other Northern countries promotes the maintenance of the current concept
embodied in the AoA and to take account of non-trade concerns (NTCs) in the further
liberalization process. The ambitious camp of net-food exporters such as Cairns Group countries
and the United States call for significant progress in market access and the elimination of both
export subsidies and trade distortive domestic support.
Aimed at shedding light on the possible options for developing countries to make use of agri-
environmental and rural development measures within the framework of the WTO, this paper
surveys those programs used in the Quad that are considered non or at most minimally trade
distorting, non-discriminatory and otherwise consistent with current WTO rules. Furthermore,
it tries to illustrate the possible outcomes in the ongoing negotiations in the WTO on the
Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) from a developing country viewpoint, related to the types of
mechanisms surveyed above. ...
At the JWPTE meeting in December 2007, the first update was presented (and subsequently
unclassified, see COM/TAD/ENV/JWPTE/RD(2007)40/FINAL), covering developments in late
2006 and 2007. This document provides an update on developments in the field of RTAs and
environment in late 2007 and 2008. It is based on publicly available information and refers to
agreements which have been signed by the Parties, though not all have entered into force yet.
The internationalization of financial services¾ eliminating discrimination in the treatment between
foreign and domestic financial services providers and removing barriers to the cross-border
provision of financial services¾ is of global interest, but of special interest to Asia. Most of Asia limits entry of foreign financial firms much more than otherwise comparable countries. Empirical evidence for Asia¾ and other countries¾ suggests that this leads to slower institutional
development and more costly financial services provision.
In this vein UNCTADs contribution will continue to focus on: the benefits and challenges
arising from international trade in insurance services, regulatory challenges arising from
domestic implementation as well as in relation to the GATS, measures to overcome
supply side constraints and build domestic capacity in the insurance sector, the role of the
Government both as a regulator and a provider of insurance services, likely impacts of
emerging global and technological trends in the insurance sector and in relation to the
GATS assisting developing countries in their ongoing and evolv...