Optics and lasers

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  • The book embraces a wide spectrum of problems falling under the concepts of "Quantum optics" and "Laser experiments". These actively developing branches of physics are of great significance both for theoretical understanding of the quantum nature of optical phenomena and for practical applications.

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  • In these days, it is impossible to think an area of knowledge that can keep on developing without the make a collaboration in interdisiplinary fields. Biomedcal Engineering is an interdisiplinary field that advances knowledge in engineering, biology and medicine, and enhances people health through crossdisciplinary actions that merge the all of the engineering disiplines with the biomedical branch and clinical practice.

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  • Most of the material in this volume is new. The first three chapters deal with three important fiber-optic components--fiber-based gratings, couplers, and interferometers--that serve as the building blocks of lightwave technology. In view of the enormous impact of rare-earth-doped fibers, amplifiers and lasers made by using such fibers are covered in Chapters 4 and 5. The last three chapters describe important applications of nonlinear fiber optics and are devoted to pulse-compression techniques, fiber-optic communication systems, and soliton-based transmission schemes....

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  • This book is devoted to different sides of Biomedical Engineering and its applications in science and Industry. The covered topics include the Patient safety in medical technology management, Biomedical Optics and Lasers, Biomaterials, Rehabilitat, Ion Technologies, Therapeutic Lasers & Skin Welding Applications, Biomedical Instrument Aopplication and Biosensor and their principles.

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  • A new type of semiconductor laser is studied, in which injected carriers in the active region are quantum mechanically confined in localized finite self-assembled wire-like quantumdash (Qdash) structures that are varied in sizes and compositions. Effects of such carrier distribution and quasi three-dimensional density of states contribute to a quasisupercontinuum interband lasing characteristics, which is a new laser design platform as compared to continuous broad emission spectrum generated by nonlinear media pumped with ultrashort laser pulse....

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  • Rapid development of optoelectronic devices and laser techniques poses an important task of creating and studying, from one side, the structures capable of effectively converting, modulating, and recording optical data in a wide range of radiation energy densities and frequencies, from another side, the new schemes and approaches capable to activate and simulate the modern features. It is well known that nonlinear optical phenomena and nonlinear optical materials have the promising place to resolve these complicated technical tasks....

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  • This edition of Optical Metrology contains a new chapter about computerized optical processes, including digital holography and digital speckle photography. Chapter 2, on Gaussian optics, and Chapter 5, on light sources and detectors, are greatly expanded to include descriptions of standard imaging systems, light-emitting diodes and solid-state detectors. Separate new sections on optical coherence tomography, speckle correlation, the Fast Fourier Transform, temporal phase unwrapping and fibre Bragg sensors are included. Finally, a new appendix about Fourier series is given.

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  • Although we are well into the fourth decade since the advent of the laser, the number and type of lasers and their wavelength coverage continue to expand. One seeking a photon source is now confronted with an enormous number of possible lasers and laser wavelengths. In addition, various techniques of frequency conversion—harmonic generation, optical parametric oscillation, sum- and difference-frequency mixing, and Raman shifting—can be used to enlarge the spectral coverage.

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  • Ultraviolet Spectroscopy and UV Lasers covers a range of subjects, from ultraviolet (UV) and vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) sources to the latest advances in instrumentation and techniques for absorption, emission, and fluorescence spectroscopy. The book will prove useful to scientists pursuing spectroscopy-related research in fields as varied and diverse as optical physics and engineering, analytical chemistry, biology, and laser technology.

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  • I have great pleasure in introducing this e-book “Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics” under the new series Advances in Lasers and Electro Optics being published by IN-TECH Publishers. Guided wave optics and optoelectronics are at the heart of optical communications, optical signal processing, miniaturization of optical components, biomedical optics, defense applications, and so on.

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  • Advances in adaptive optics technology and applications move forward at a rapid pace. The basic idea of wavefront compensation in real-time has been around since the mid 1970s. The first widely used application of adaptive optics was for compensating atmospheric turbulence effects in astronomical imaging and laser beam propagation. While some topics have been researched and reported for years, even decades, new applications and advances in the supporting technologies occur almost daily.

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  • Why to deal with lasers? Lasers are used for medical applications Lasers may be the key part for future power plants (fusion reactors) tubes contain the laser beams 1 ns pulse duration, 45 kJ/pulse, 100 TW peak power Lawrence-Livermore Laboratory, USA, National Ingnition Facilty, NOVA laser system Lasers are a key part of todays consumer electronics, telecommunication, and computer technology Digital Video Disk (DVD)

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  • The Springer Series in Optical Sciences, under the leadership of Editor-in-Chief William T. Rhodes, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, provides an expanding selection of research monographs in all major areas of optics: lasers and quantum optics, ultrafast phenomena, optical spectroscopy techniques, optoelectronics, quantum information, information optics, applied laser technology, industrial applications, and other topics of contemporary interest. With this broad coverage of topics, the series is of use to all research scientists and engineers who need up-to-date reference books.

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  • This chapter presents the basic theory and characteristics of stimulated emission and optical amplification gain in semiconductors. The former is the mostimportant principlethat enablessemiconductorlaserstobeimplemented, and the latter is the most important parameter for analysis of the laser performances. First, stimulated emission in semiconductors is explained, and then quantum theory analysis and statistic analysis using the density matrix of the optical amplification gain are given.

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  • Excimer lasers are pulsed gas lasers that intrinsically offer efficient and powerful broadband emission at several spectral regions throughout the ultraviolet. The spectral widths are typically 2 nm. An exception to this categorization is the XeF laser urith its broadly tunable C+A transition (approximately 50 nm) in the visible. The broad tunability results from the steeply repulsive A state.

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  • The quantum theory is the first theoretical approach that helps one to successfully understand the atomic and sub-atomic worlds which are too far from the cognition based on the common intuition or the experience of the daily-life. This is a very coherent theory in which a good system of hypotheses and appropriate mathematical methods allow one to describe exactly the dynamics of the quantum systems whose measurements are systematically affected by objective uncertainties.

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  • This book discusses aspects of laser pulses generation, characterization, and practical applications. Some new achievements in theory, experiments, and design are demonstrated. The introductive chapter shortly overviews the physical principles of pulsed lasers operation with pulse durations from seconds to yoctoseconds. A theory of mode-locking, based on the optical noise concept, is discussed. With this approximation, all paradoxes of ultrashort laser pulse formation have been explained.

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  • The purpose of this book is to provide the reader with an introduction to lasers and their industrial applications. To facilitate this objective, such devices as photodetectors and modulators, which are frequently found in laser applications, are also covered. And to make the book as self-contained as possible, the concepts of basic optics that are pertinent to lasers and their applications are presented.

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  • The rapid development of both terrestrial and undersea optical fibre networks has paved the way for a global communication network. Highly efficient semiconductor injection lasers have played a leading role in facing the challenges of the information era. In this chapter, before discussing the operating principle of the semiconductor distributed feedback (DFB) laser diode (LD), general concepts with regard to the principles of lasers will first be presented.

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  • In this book, the performance characteristics of distributed feedback semiconductor laser diodes and optical tunable filters based on DFB laser structures have been investigated. As discussed in Chapter 1, these lasers can be used as optical sources and local oscillators in coherent optical communication networks, in which a stable single mode (in both the transverse plane and the longitudinal direction) and narrow spectral linewidth become crucial.

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