Optimal behaviour

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  • The tension structures discussed in this book are predominantly roofing forms created from pre-stressed cable nets, cable trusses, and continuous membranes (fabric structures). A unique feature in their design is form-finding an interactive process of defining the shape of a structure under tension. The book discusses the role of stable minimal surfaces (minimum energy forms occurring in natural objects, such as soap films) in finding optimal shapes of membrane and cable structures.

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  • This book is an introduction to game theory from a mathematical perspective. It is intended to be a first course for undergraduate students of mathematics, but I also hope that it will contain something of interest to advanced students or researchers in biology and economics who often encounter the basics of game theory informally via relevant applications. In view of the intended audience, the examples used in this book are generally abstract problems so that the reader is not forced to learn a great deal of a subject – either biology or economics – that may be unfamiliar.

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  • Mathematical modelling is the process of formulating an abstract model in terms of mathematical language to describe the complex behaviour of a real system. Mathematical models are quantitative models and often expressed in terms of ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations. Mathematical models can also be statistical models, fuzzy logic models and empirical relationships. In fact, any model description using mathematical language can be called a mathematical model.

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  • The macroeconomic configuration at the present time is conducive to sizeable interest rate exposures in the financial industry. Because virtually all firms are tempted to take the same risks (“herding”), there is also a very important systemic dimension. All firms will not be able to get out when expectations of future rates change – leading to “overshooting” in market interest rates or even illiquidity in interest rate hedging markets.

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  • The aim of this paper is to investigate the use of sample reweighting, in a behavioural tax microsimulation model, to examine the implications for government taxes and expenditure of population ageing in Australia. Tax microsimulation models are based on large-scale cross-sectional surveys containing substantial information about the characteristics of individuals and house- holds.

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  • In contrast, the superior performance of optimal portfolios that incorporate predictable manager skills is robust to adjusting investment returns by the Fama-French and momentum benchmarks. Moreover, it is also robust to adjusting investment returns by the size, book-to-market, and momentum characteristics per Daniel et al. (1997).We demonstrate further that our predictable skill strategies perform best during recessions, but also quite well during expansions, generating positive and significant performance in absolute terms as well as relative to benchmarks.

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  • Procrastination is potentially relevant to all five FSA capability categories and to whether many of the facilities proposed in the National Strategy are widely accessed. There is limited evidence that awareness of the procrastination problem is an effective antidote at the individual level. Many behavioural economists take the view that the best response is not informing consumers of the problem or trying to change them but institutional design and regulation that recognises the psychology.

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  • Measurements NO I AYTON (Know thyself; Inscription on the fa¸ ade of Apollo’s temple in Delphi) c The traffic engineering process for IP networks includes obtaining feedback from the network as the basis of assessing the need to modify transport network parameters and to optimize its behaviour. Obtaining information in precise and meaningful form is imperative for being able to make the right adjustments to improve the network performance.

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  • The impact of perinatal mental health problems on infants has been studied in HIC, mostly in terms of neuro-psycho-behavioural variables, which are likely to apply in LMICs as well. Infants of depressed mothers show dysregulations affecting their behavior and physiology, thought to be derived from a prenatal exposure to a biochemical imbalance in their mothers (48, 70). Newborns of depressed mothers also have neurotransmitter imbalances (e.g., higher cortisol and lower dopamine and serotonin levels), are described as physiologically less mature (e.g.

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  • Despite all of this, young people everywhere are an inexhaustible source of ideas, energy and optimism. All through history, young people have broken away from negative behavioural patterns and changed intergenerational cycles of discrimination and poverty.

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  • Enzyme catalysis in low water containing organic solvents is finding an increasing number of applications in diverse areas.This review focuses on some aspects which have not been reviewed elsewhere.Different strategies for obtaining higher activity and stability in such media are described.In this context, the damaging role of lyophilization and the means of overcoming such effects are discussed.Ultrasoni-cation and microwave assistance are two emerging approa-ches for enhancing reaction rates in low water media.

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  • Although pregnancy is considered a normal state, it is a vulnerable period in a woman's life because of exposure to a series of physical, mental, and socially adverse conditions. The earlier these conditions are recognized and addressed, the greater the chances of minimizing their impact. Addressing psychological distress during the perinatal period in an appropriate way makes circumstances better for the woman and her baby in the contexts in which they are living. Health workers attitudes and behaviours are of fundamental importance to promoting mental health.

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  • Therapeutic patient education* should enable patients to acquire and maintain abilities that allow them to optimally manage their lives with their disease. It is therefore a continuous process, integrated in health care. It is patient-centred; it includes organized awareness, informa- tion, self-care learning* and psychosocial support regarding the dis- ease, prescribed treatment, care, hospital and other health care set- tings, organizational information, and behaviour* related to health and illness.

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  • Expand existing hiv prevention interventions. WHO will develop an evidence-based HIV prevention package for the health sector and support its implementation at the national level. The design of the prevention package will reflect the findings of a review of behavioural interventions and advice on how they can best be combined with other interventions in a range of health settings. WHO will provide guidance on delivering combined prevention activites in generalized epidemics, including optimal approaches for key populations, such as women, girls and young people.

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  • d) What are the Provincial Policy Directions, Strategies and Mandates for Enabling all Children to Attain and Sustain Optimal Health and Developmental Potential? Attaining and sustaining optimal health and developmental potential for children is a shared mandate across provincial ministries. For example, the Ministry of Health Promotion (MHP) Healthy Ontarians, Healthy Ontario Strategic Framework document states, “Our fi rst priority will be our children and youth. Behaviours and attitudes developed in childhood last the rest of our lives.

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  • Life history theorists assume that the physiological and behavioural characteristics of organisms represent an approximate solution to the problem of optimizing the allocation of time, energy and resources between somatic, mating and parenting effort. The particular solution will depend on the organism’s environmental niche as well as its evolutionary history. In general, effort allocated to reproduction will decrease an organism’s ability to survive, grow and develop. Conversely, effort allocated to survival, growth and development will decrease reproduction.

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