The tension structures discussed in this book are predominantly roofing forms created from pre-stressed cable nets, cable trusses, and continuous membranes (fabric structures). A unique feature in their design is form-finding an interactive process of defining the shape of a structure under tension. The book discusses the role of stable minimal surfaces (minimum energy forms occurring in natural objects, such as soap films) in finding optimal shapes of membrane and cable structures.
This book is an introduction to game theory from a mathematical perspective.
It is intended to be a first course for undergraduate students of mathematics,
but I also hope that it will contain something of interest to advanced students
or researchers in biology and economics who often encounter the basics of game
theory informally via relevant applications. In view of the intended audience,
the examples used in this book are generally abstract problems so that the
reader is not forced to learn a great deal of a subject – either biology or economics
– that may be unfamiliar.
Mathematical modelling is the process of formulating an abstract model
in terms of mathematical language to describe the complex behaviour of
a real system. Mathematical models are quantitative models and often
expressed in terms of ordinary differential equations and partial differential
equations. Mathematical models can also be statistical models,
fuzzy logic models and empirical relationships. In fact, any model description
using mathematical language can be called a mathematical
The macroeconomic configuration at the present time is conducive to sizeable interest rate
exposures in the financial industry. Because virtually all firms are tempted to take the same
risks (“herding”), there is also a very important systemic dimension. All firms will not be able
to get out when expectations of future rates change – leading to “overshooting” in market
interest rates or even illiquidity in interest rate hedging markets.
The aim of this paper is to investigate the use of sample reweighting, in a behavioural tax
microsimulation model, to examine the implications for government taxes and expenditure of
population ageing in Australia. Tax microsimulation models are based on large-scale cross-sectional
surveys containing substantial information about the characteristics of individuals and house-
In contrast, the superior performance of optimal portfolios that incorporate predictable
manager skills is robust to adjusting investment returns by the Fama-French and
momentum benchmarks. Moreover, it is also robust to adjusting investment returns by the
size, book-to-market, and momentum characteristics per Daniel et al. (1997).We
demonstrate further that our predictable skill strategies perform best during recessions, but
also quite well during expansions, generating positive and signiﬁcant performance in
absolute terms as well as relative to benchmarks.
Procrastination is potentially relevant to all five FSA capability categories and to
whether many of the facilities proposed in the National Strategy are widely accessed.
There is limited evidence that awareness of the procrastination problem is an effective
antidote at the individual level. Many behavioural economists take the view that the
best response is not informing consumers of the problem or trying to change them but
institutional design and regulation that recognises the psychology.
NO I AYTON (Know thyself; Inscription on the fa¸ ade of Apollo’s temple in Delphi) c
The trafﬁc engineering process for IP networks includes obtaining feedback from the network as the basis of assessing the need to modify transport network parameters and to optimize its behaviour. Obtaining information in precise and meaningful form is imperative for being able to make the right adjustments to improve the network performance.
The impact of perinatal mental health problems on infants has been studied in HIC, mostly in
terms of neuro-psycho-behavioural variables, which are likely to apply in LMICs as well. Infants
of depressed mothers show dysregulations affecting their behavior and physiology, thought to be
derived from a prenatal exposure to a biochemical imbalance in their mothers (48, 70). Newborns
of depressed mothers also have neurotransmitter imbalances (e.g., higher cortisol and lower
dopamine and serotonin levels), are described as physiologically less mature (e.g.
Despite all of this, young people everywhere are an
inexhaustible source of ideas, energy and optimism. All
through history, young people have broken away from
negative behavioural patterns and changed intergenerational
cycles of discrimination and poverty.
Enzyme catalysis in low water containing organic solvents is
finding an increasing number of applications in diverse
areas.This review focuses on some aspects which have not
been reviewed elsewhere.Different strategies for obtaining
higher activity and stability in such media are described.In
this context, the damaging role of lyophilization and the
means of overcoming such effects are discussed.Ultrasoni-cation and microwave assistance are two emerging approa-ches for enhancing reaction rates in low water media.
Although pregnancy is considered a normal state, it is a vulnerable period in a woman's life
because of exposure to a series of physical, mental, and socially adverse conditions. The earlier
these conditions are recognized and addressed, the greater the chances of minimizing their
Addressing psychological distress during the perinatal period in an appropriate way makes
circumstances better for the woman and her baby in the contexts in which they are living. Health
workers attitudes and behaviours are of fundamental importance to promoting mental health.
Therapeutic patient education* should enable patients to acquire and
maintain abilities that allow them to optimally manage their lives with
their disease. It is therefore a continuous process, integrated in health
care. It is patient-centred; it includes organized awareness, informa-
tion, self-care learning* and psychosocial support regarding the dis-
ease, prescribed treatment, care, hospital and other health care set-
tings, organizational information, and behaviour* related to health and
Expand existing hiv prevention interventions. WHO will develop an evidence-based HIV prevention package for
the health sector and support its implementation at the national level. The design of the prevention package
will reflect the findings of a review of behavioural interventions and advice on how they can best be combined
with other interventions in a range of health settings. WHO will provide guidance on delivering combined
prevention activites in generalized epidemics, including optimal approaches for key populations, such as
women, girls and young people.
d) What are the Provincial Policy Directions, Strategies and Mandates for Enabling all Children
to Attain and Sustain Optimal Health and Developmental Potential?
Attaining and sustaining optimal health and developmental potential for children is a shared mandate across
provincial ministries. For example, the Ministry of Health Promotion (MHP) Healthy Ontarians, Healthy Ontario
Strategic Framework document states, “Our ﬁ rst priority will be our children and youth. Behaviours and
attitudes developed in childhood last the rest of our lives.
Life history theorists assume that the physiological and behavioural characteristics
of organisms represent an approximate solution to the problem of optimizing the
allocation of time, energy and resources between somatic, mating and parenting
eﬀort. The particular solution will depend on the organism’s environmental niche as
well as its evolutionary history. In general, eﬀort allocated to reproduction will
decrease an organism’s ability to survive, grow and develop. Conversely, eﬀort
allocated to survival, growth and development will decrease reproduction.