The purchase of real estate can usually be regarded as a joint venture between an equity investor
and a lending institution. Very few occasions arise where properties are bought for all cash. In
most real estate transactions a lender provides a part of the financing, and the property is held as
security for the debt. There are two instruments involved when a real estate transaction involves
both debt and equity - the note and the mortgage.
The purpose of this booklet is to provide an introduction to
some of the basic equity option strategies available to option
and/or stock investors. Exchange-traded options have
many benefits including flexibility, leverage, limited risk for
buyers employing these strategies, and contract performance
guaranteed by The Options Clearing Corporation (OCC).
Options allow you to participate in price movements without
committing the large amount of funds needed to buy
Jensen (1990) and others used empirical
evidence to demonstrate that there was a
link between large pay bonuses provided
to executives on a performance basis and
improved corporate performance . Th ese
theories in part motivated the trend be-
ginning in the 1990s of deliberate struc-
turing of corporate executive salaries to
match performance of the corporation
as closely as possible, usually through
options to purchase shares in the com-
pany on advantageous terms oﬀ ered to
An investor who has sold stock short in anticipation of a price decline can limit a
possible loss by purchasing call options. Remember that shorting stock requires a
margin account and margin calls may force you to liquidate your position prematurely.
Although a call option may be used to offset a short stock position's upside risk, it does
not protect the option holder against additional margin calls or premature liquidation
of the short stock position.
Assume you sold short 100 shares of XYZ stock at $40 per share.
The number of employees you can have and still be eligible to shop in
your State Exchange steadily increases. In 2014 and 2015 it is up to 50,
and may be up to 100 in a state that elects to open to Exchange to more
smaller employers; in 2016 it is up to 100 employees. Starting in 2017,
States can choose to allow even larger employers to purchase their plans
through the Exchanges.
You can buy insurance through your State Exchange or from an
insurance company, but the tax credits in the law to help pay for
insurance, including the small...
Voluntary consumer decisions to buy electricity supplied from renewable energy sources
represent a powerful market support mechanism for renewable energy development. In the early
1990s, a small number of U.S. utilities began offering “green power” options to their customers.
Since then, these products have become more prevalent, offered by traditional utilities and
renewable energy marketers operating in states that have introduced competition into their retail
electricity markets or offering renewable energy certificates (RECs) online. Today, more than
half of all U.
What happens if debt securities are bought for an amount other than par value, for exam-
ple, at 98 or 104? The investment is recorded at its cost, which is greater or less than the
face amount of the debt. Any premium or discount should be amortized in order to bring
the carrying value up (or down) to par value at maturity. Otherwise, a substantial gain or
loss will be recognized at maturity. This is particularly true when the investment is a so-
called “zero coupon” bond that carries little or no annual cash interest payment.
A popular use of options known as "the 90/10 strategy" involves placing 10% of your
investment funds in long (purchased) calls and the other 90% in a money market
instrument (in our examples we use T-bills) held until the option's expiration. This
strategy provides both leverage (from the options) and limited risk (from the T-bills),
allowing the investor to benefit from a favorable stock price move while limiting the
downside risk to the call premium minus any interest earned on the T-bills.
Assume XYZ is trading at $60 per share.
Programming languages used in the 1990s to program many personal computer and UNIX based applications. Call option: An asset which gives the owner the right but not the obligation to purchase some other asset for a set price on or up to a specified date. Capital asset pricing model (CAPM): A model in which the cost of capital for any security or portfolio of securities equals a risk-free rate plus a risk premium that is proportionate to the systematic risk of the security or portfolio. Capital loss carryover: The excess of capital losses over capital gains that may not...
You have something you want to sell on the Internet. Maybe it's a book, or a CD or
a piece of software you wrote. You are in luck. The time has never been better.
Internet shopping has become a mainstream activity. Increasing numbers of people
are willing to open the wallet to purchase items or services over the Net.
"But," you say, "How do I collect the money from the customer?"
Good question. There are several methods of collecting monies from online sales.
Many online merchants offer 2-3 choices of payment methods so customers will
Jon strongly believes that before you can ever be successful in options trading, you must comprehend the concept of volatility. This is the very heart of understanding which options are worth purchasing and which are worth selling. In "How I Trade Options" Jon Najarian reveals how and why volatility should be the dominant factor in your trading decisions. According to Jon, "this is the single greatest misunderstanding among options traders. This concept alone could be the difference between your success or failure."...
Jon strongly believes that before you can ever be successful in options trading, you must comprehend the concept of volatility. This is the very heart of understanding which options are worth purchasing and which are worth selling.
In "How I Trade Options" Jon Najarian reveals how and why volatility should be the dominant factor in your trading decisions. According to Jon, "this is the single greatest misunderstanding among options traders. This concept alone could be the difference between your success or failure." ...
Parallax warrants its products against defects in materials and workmanship for a period of 90 days. If you discover a defect, Parallax will, at its option, repair, replace, or refund the purchase price. Simply call for a Return Merchandise Authorization (RMA) number, write the number on the outside of the box and send it back to Parallax. Please include your name, telephone number, shipping address, and a description of the problem.
Consumer decision-making is defined as the behaviour patterns of consumers that precede, determine and follow the decision making process for the acquisition of need satisfying products, ideas or services (Du Plessis & Rousseau, 1999). During the consumer decision-making process, not only do consumers make decisions regarding which brand options to choose but they also decide what quantity of the good to purchase.
Home Equity Financing leverages the equity you’ve established in your primary residence to
purchase an investment property. You may borrow up to 100% of your current home’s unused
equity. Like getting a new mortgage, home equity financing may be tax deductible.
Renovation Financing is specially designed to provide a single loan that covers both the purchase
price of a less-than-perfect property and the costs of renovating it. The loan amount is based on
the estimated increased value of your property after your planned improvements are made.
Academy of Marketing Science Review
As luxury is a subjective and multidimensional construct, a definition of the luxury concept should follow an integrative
understanding. For our purposes, we define luxury as the highest level of prestigious brands encompassing several
physical and psychological values. To explain consumers‘ behavior in relation to luxury brands, apart from interpersonal
aspects like snobbery and conspicuousness, personal aspects such as hedonist and perfectionist motives as well as
situational conditions (e.g.
Investor base: about 70 percent of private bonds were purchased by banks in 2011. Their
participation has increased further recently partly because they have faced constraints in
expanding consumer loans given increased risk and higher cost in the sector, and therefore
have sought alternative higher-yield investment instruments.
Liquidity in the secondary
market is very limited as many banks tend to hold private bonds until maturity. Retail
investors’ participation remains low (see Figure 11). ...
To avoid headaches and tap into a wider pool of prospective tenants, many landlords consider
the lease-purchase of their home. This option attracts many potential buyers who could handle
the monthly mortgage payments but can’t afford the required down payment. Here’s how it
You lease your house to the tenant for a specific monthly rent. In addition, the tenant pays you
for the right to purchase the home within the option period, usually six months to two years later.
This payment is called the option consideration.
The above three
approaches are used for the valuation of land as a site for the construction of a
particular building at the current time. Which approach is more applicable is
problem-specific. For example, in a situation where the purchase of real estate
is for investment, the income approach seems more suitable, whereas for
individual use, the sales comparison approach is more acceptable. Another
way for the valuation of land is to consider a vacant piece of land as a
potential site for development in the future so that it is viewed as an option for
purchasing one of...
Buying advertising on the Mobile Web is similar to buying display
advertising on the Internet. Graphical, interactive display
ads are the predominant ad unit. In most cases, Mobile Web
banner ad impressions can be purchased on a cost per thousand
(CPM) or a cost per click (CPC) basis. Mobile offers targeting
possibilities beyond that of traditional media. As this develops
further, we would expect to see a range of targeting options
made available covering context, demographic and behavioral