Diseases of the Oral Mucosa
Most oral mucosal diseases involve microorganisms (Table 32-1).
Table 32-1 Vesicular, Bullous, or Ulcerative Lesions of the Oral Mucosa
Lip and oral
Heals that spontaneously in 10– days.
Ulcers Ulceration is the most common oral mucosal lesion. Although there are many causes, the host and pattern of lesions, including the presence of systemic features, narrow the differential diagnosis (Table 32-1). Most acute ulcers are painful and self-limited. Recurrent aphthous ulcers and herpes simplex infection constitute the majority. Persistent and deep aphthous ulcers can be idiopathic or seen with HIV/AIDS. Aphthous lesions are often the presenting symptom in Behçet's syndrome (Chap. 320).
Tham khảo sách 'master dentistry: volume 1: oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiology, pathology and oral medicine_1', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
This book brings together core text from the traditional
subject areas of oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology
and radiology to help readers to organise their
knowledge in a useful way to solve clinical problems.
We believe that this core text of knowledge is essential
reading for university final examination success and
will also be of help to graduates undertaking vocational
training, their trainers and those preparing for postgraduate
professional examinations such as MFDS.
MASTER DESTISTRY is designed as a revision guide for dental students and offers the "curriculum essentials" in an easy-to-digest format. Each section is fully illustrated throughout and is supported by extensive self-assessment questions which allow the reader to assess their own knowledge of the topic and perfect their exam techniques. Now in colour, this second edition addresses oral and maxillofacial surgery, radiology, pathology and oral medicine and is perfect for both undergraduate students and post-graduates preparing for the MFDS or international equivalents....
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC, World Health Organization)
[ 1 ] estimated an incidence of 6,617,855 cancers around the world in 2008 with 4,219,626
deaths associated with this disease (IARC 2011).
Clinical paediatric dentistry is a demanding subject. This book by Professor Monty Duggal and colleagues concentrates on a very important issue in the clinical treatment of children—the rational restoration of carious primary teeth. Despite effective preventive programmes, which have resulted in a tremendous improvement in the oral health of children and adolescents, in any population there will always be a group of children with a high caries activity resulting in extensive carious lesions.
Complications Following Hematopoietic Cell Transplant
Early Direct Chemoradiotoxicities
The transplant preparative regimens commonly used cause a spectrum of acute toxicities that vary according to the specific regimen but frequently result in nausea, vomiting, and mild skin erythema (Fig. 108-1). Regimens that include high-dose cyclophosphamide can result in hemorrhagic cystitis, which can usually be prevented by bladder irrigation or with the sulfhydryl compound mercaptoethanesulfonate (MESNA); rarely, acute hemorrhagic carditis is seen.
Bullous Pemphigoid Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a polymorphic autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease usually seen in the elderly. Initial lesions may consist of urticarial plaques; most patients eventually display tense blisters on either normalappearing or erythematous skin (Fig. 55-2). The lesions are usually distributed over the lower abdomen, groin, and flexor surface of the extremities; oral mucosal lesions are found in some patients. Pruritus may be nonexistent or severe.
Linear IgA Disease Linear IgA disease, once considered a variant form of dermatitis herpetiformis, is actually a separate and distinct entity. Clinically, these patients may resemble individuals with DH, BP, or other subepidermal blistering diseases. Lesions typically consist of papulovesicles, bullae, and/or urticarial plaques predominantly on central or flexural sites. Oral mucosal involvement occurs in some patients. Severe pruritus resembles that seen in patients with DH.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế về bệnh thú y đề tài: Mucosal mast cell-derived chondroitin sulphate levels in and worm expulsion from FcRγ-knockout mice following oral challenge with Strongyloides venezuelensis
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 84. Head and Neck Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer: Introduction
Epithelial carcinomas of the head and neck arise from the mucosal surfaces in the head and neck area and typically are squamous cell in origin. This category includes tumors of the paranasal sinuses, the oral cavity, and the nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx. Tumors of the salivary glands differ from the more common carcinomas of the head and neck in etiology, histopathology, clinical presentation, and therapy. Thyroid malignancies are described in Chap. 335.
Mucositis Irritation and inflammation of the mucous membranes particularly afflicting the oral and anal mucosa, but potentially involving the gastrointestinal tract, may accompany cytotoxic chemotherapy. Mucositis is due to damage to the proliferating cells at the base of the mucosal squamous epithelia or in the intestinal crypts. Topical therapies, including anesthetics and barrier-creating preparations, may provide symptomatic relief in mild cases.
Epithelial carcinomas of the head and neck arise from the mucosal surfaces in the head and neck area and typically are squamous cell in origin. This category includes tumors of the paranasal sinuses, the oral cavity, and the nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx. Tumors of the salivary glands differ from the more common carcinomas of the head and neck in etiology, histopathology, clinical presentation, and therapy.
Oral lesions were found in 61 (78.2%) cases. Sites involved were inner aspect of the
lips, gums, buccal mucosa, tongue and the hard palate. Small aphthous like lesions measuring
1 to 3 mm were the usual mucosal presentation. Most common systemic symptoms (Table II)
were fever and anorexia. History of mild fever either preceding to or simultaneously with the
eruption was present in 58 (74.3%) cases. Fever appeared on the same day in 70% cases and 1
day before onset of rash in 30% cases. Fever persisted for 1 to 2 days following onset. Sore
throat was a symptom during...