Xem 1-11 trên 11 kết quả Oral nutrition
  • Intravenous nutrition (IVN), also known as parenteral nutrition (PN), involves the administration of nutrients, electrolytes, minerals and fluid directly into patients’ veins. It is used in patients whose gastrointestinal absorption of food and/or fluids is inadequate, unsafe or inaccessible. Infusing a mixture of nutrients and fluid, however, is not without risk.

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  • The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of oral health conditions on the quality of life of elderly people in Joaçaba - SC, in Southern Brazil. A survey based on systematic sampling of clusters was carried out with 183 elderly people that belong to old age groups. The survey was conducted in order to assess the oral conditions of the participants (use of and need for prosthesis) based on the criteria from the World Health Organization publication “Oral Health Surveys, Basic Methods”, 4th edition. The oral health impact profile (OHIP) was used to evaluate the impact of...

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  • Table 73-10 Enteral Formulas Composition Characteristics Clinical Indications STANDARD ENTERAL FORMULA 1. Complete dietary products (+)a Suitable for most patients requiring tube feeding; some can be a. Caloric density 1 kcal/mL used orally b. Protein ~14% cals, caseinates, soy, lactalbumin c. CHO ~60% cals, hydrolyzed corn starch, maltodextrin, sucrose d. Fat ~30% cals, corn, soy, safflower oils e. Recommended daily intake of all minerals and vitamins in 1500 kcal/d f. Osmolality (mosmol/kg): ~300 MODIFIED ENTERAL FORMULAS 1. Caloric density 1.

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  • The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC, World Health Organization) [ 1 ] estimated an incidence of 6,617,855 cancers around the world in 2008 with 4,219,626 deaths associated with this disease (IARC 2011).

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  • The greatest limitation of traditional epidemiological indicators is their inability to reflect the “capacity of an individual to perform tasks and activities”13. Self-perceived measures convey more information about the way a certain disease is affecting the individual’s daily routine and the population in general than the measurements collected from a clinical environment5. Clinical indicators are important for the assessment of oral health and treatment needs; nevertheless, their limitations must be considered11.

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  • Public comment is sought to help inform the Working Group in shaping its recommendations for enhanced industry self-regulatory efforts as part of a report requested by Congress. Comments are not being requested as the basis for regulation. The recommendations include principles addressing the nutritional quality of foods that are most heavily marketed to children. They also include proposed definitions of advertising, promotion, and other marketing activities targeting children ages 2-11 years and adolescents ages 12-17 years to which the nutrition principles would apply.

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  • An oral agreement means that you do not write anything down. Oral leases have the advantages of being uncomplicated and usually do not commit the tenant for the summer, when most college students leave town. But, be careful. Holding your landlord to any promises that were not written down is often hard to do. Th erefore, using a written agreement is ideal if there are specifi c details that need to be addressed. Furthermore, a landlord can terminate an oral lease with proper notice. Unless you and your landlord agree otherwise, the schedule of rental payments will set the...

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  • Socioeconomic disparities in cancer incidence and mortality in the United States persist and remain an urgent public health problem. Recent studies of cancer and both individual- and area- level socioeconomic status (SES) have found low SES or poverty to be associated with higher incidence of lung, cervical, stomach, oral, and esophageal cancer. 1-8 Also, a lower incidence of breast cancer and melanoma has been observed among persons residing in poorer areas.

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  • The World Health Organization, for example, first developed the Expanded Programme on Immunization and subsequently the Programme for the Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases. UNICEF chose four specific interventions on which to focus: growth monitoring, oral rehydration therapy, breast- feeding promotion, and immunization, known by the acronym GOBI. It later added three more (food, family planning, and female education).

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  • Good nutrition is vital to good health and is absolutely essential for the healthy growth and development of  children and adolescents. Major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States are related to poor diet and  a sedentary lifestyle. Specific diseases and conditions linked to poor diet include cardiovascular disease, hyper­ tension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity, osteoporosis, constipation, diverticular disease, iron deficiency anemia, oral disease, malnutrition, and some cancers.

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  • Nutritional Iron Balance The balance of iron in humans is tightly controlled and designed to conserve iron for reutilization. There is no regulated excretory pathway for iron, and the only mechanisms by which iron is lost from the body are blood loss (via gastrointestinal bleeding, menses, or other forms of bleeding) and the loss of epithelial cells from the skin, gut, and genitourinary tract. Normally, the only route by which iron comes into the body is via absorption from food or from medicinal iron taken orally.

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