Ordinary structures

This work develops and defends a structural view of the nature of mathematics, which is used to explain a number of striking features of mathematics that have puzzled philosophers for centuries. It rejects the most widely held philosophical view of mathematics (Platonism), according to which mathematics is a science dealing with mathematical objects such as sets and numbers—objects which are believed not to exist in the physical world.
394p bimap_5 28122012 21 7 Download

The notion of a Horn extended feature structure (HoXF) is introduced, which is a feature structure constrained so that its only allowable extensions are those satisfying some set of llorn clauses in featureterm logic, l l o X F ' s greatly generalize ordinary feature structures in admitting explicit representation of negative and implicational constraints. In contradistinction to the general case in which arbitrary logical constraints are allowed (for which the best known algorithms are exponential), there is a highly tractable algorithm for the unification of HoXF's. ...
6p buncha_1 08052013 19 2 Download

Idiomatic expressions have long played an important role in the English language. In fact, the use of idioms is so widespread that an understanding of these expressions is essential to successful communication, whether in listening, speaking, reading, or writing. The student may learn grammar and, with time, acquire adequate vocabulary, but without a working knowledge of such idioms as above all, to get along, on the whole, to look up, etc., even the best student's speech will remain awkward and ordinary.
61p moontua 11082012 175 90 Download

This document shall cover traditional lightning protection system installation requirements for the following:This document shall not cover lightning protection system installation requirements for early streamer emission systems or charge dissipation systems. The purpose of this standard is to provide for the practical safeguarding of persons and property from hazards arising from exposure to lightning.
50p troidem1357 05082009 344 84 Download

Among halogens, fluorine is quite characteristic and specific since it has the largest electronegativity (4.0 vs 3.5 for oxygen) and the sterically second smallest van der Waals' radius (1.35 ~ vs. 1.20/~ for hydrogen). A carbonfluorine bond is also stronger than a carbonhydrogen bond (485 kJ/mol vs 414 kJ/mol). Therefore, fluoro organic compounds have unique chemical and physical properties.
243p maket1311 16102012 18 4 Download

A computational model for the ATP–ADP steadystate exchange rate mediated by adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) versus mitochondrial membrane potential dependence in isolated rat liver mitochondria is presented. The model represents the system of three ordinary differential equations, and the basic components included are ANT, F0 ⁄F1 ATPase, and the phosphate carrier.
14p viettel02 20022013 18 1 Download

The subjectverb order is fixed, and we can change it only if there is a special reason. A verb phrase can have a complex structure. There can be auxiliary verbs as well as the ordinary verb. The use of tenses and auxiliary verbs can be difficult for speakers of other languages.
7p kathy209 06092010 42 9 Download

A verb phrase can have a complex structure. There can be auxiliary verbs as well as the ordinary verb. The subjectverb order is fixed, and we can change it only if there is a special reason. The use of tenses and auxiliary verbs can be difficult for speakers of other languages.
7p kathy209 06092010 34 7 Download

At a prime of ordinary reduction, the Iwasawa “main conjecture” for elliptic curves relates a Selmer group to a padic Lfunction. In the supersingular case, the statement of the main conjecture is more complicated as neither the Selmer group nor the padic Lfunction is wellbehaved. Recently Kobayashi discovered an equivalent formulation of the main conjecture at supersingular primes that is similar in structure to the ordinary case. Namely, Kobayashi’s conjecture relates modiﬁed Selmer groups, which he deﬁned, with modiﬁed padic Lfunctions deﬁned by the ﬁrst author.
19p tuanloccuoi 04012013 20 5 Download

To take our users’ Semantic Web experience further, we have created Semantic Bank, a com munal repository of RDF to which a community of Piggy Bank users can contribute to share the information they have collected. Through Semantic Bank, we introduce a mechanism for light weight structured information publishing and envision collaborative scenarios made possible by this mechanism.
24p machuavo 19012013 16 3 Download

In this way, learners are encouraged to notice the gap between what they are producing and what the target language requires Another example of teaching with an implicit focus on grammar is when teachers choose to "enhance the input*1 of their students by exposing them to language samples in which particular grammatical structures are highlighted or are more prevalent than they might be in ordinary communication.
7p kathy213 17092010 42 2 Download

The 2007 global financial crisis ignited by reckless bankers and their flawed reward structures will be felt for years to come. Emerging from the wreckage, however, is renewed support for the overarching objective of traditional finance theory, namely the longrun maximisation of shareholder wealth using the current market value of ordinary shares (common stock) as a benchmark.
47p sn_buon 29112012 28 2 Download

This paper discusses the consequences of allowing discontinuous constituents in syntactic representions and phrasestructure rules, and the resulting complications for a standard parser of phrasestructure grammar. It is argued, first, that discontinuous constituents seem inevitable in a phrasestructure grammar which is acceptable from a semantic point of view. It is shown that treelike constituent structures with discontinuities can be given a precise definition which makes them just as acceptable for syntactic representation as ordinary trees.
8p buncha_1 08052013 22 2 Download

This paper deals with a formula of stability radii for an linear difference equation (LDEs for short) with the coefficients varying in time under structured parameter perturbations. It is shown that the lp− real and complex stability radii of these systems coincide and they are given by a formula of inputoutput operator. The result is considered as an discrete version of a previous result for timevarying ordinary differential equations [1]. Keywords: Robust stability, Linear difference equation, Inputoutput operator, Stability radius ...
10p tuanlocmuido 19122012 17 1 Download

In an ordinary syntactic parser, the input is a string, and the grammar ranges over strings. This paper explores generalizations of ordinary parsing algorithms that allow the input to consist of string tuples and/or the grammar to range over string tuples. Such algorithms can infer the synchronous structures hidden in parallel texts. It turns out that these generalized parsers can do most of the work required to train and apply a syntaxaware statistical machine translation system.
8p bunbo_1 17042013 11 1 Download

We present an implemented unificationbased parser for relational grammars developed within the s t r a t i f i e d f e a t u r e g r a m m a r (SFG) framework, which generalizes KasperRounds logic to handle relational grammar analyses. We first introduce the key aspects of SFG and a lexicalized, graphbased variant of the framework suitable for implementing relational grammars. We then describe a headdriven chart parser for lexicalized SFG.
8p bunmoc_1 20042013 15 1 Download

Chapter 3: Generating Functions introduces a central concept in the averagecase analysis of algorithms: generating functions  a necessary and natural link between the algorithms that are our objects of study and analytic methods that are necessary to discover their properties.
52p allbymyself_08 22022016 5 1 Download