Organic and conventional

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  • There is currently no independent authoritative statement on the nature and importance of differences in content of nutrients and other nutritionally relevant substances (nutrients and other substances) in organically and conventionally produced foodstuffs. This systematic review of the available published literature was designed to seek to determine the size and relevance to health of any differences in content of nutrients and other substances in organically and conventionally produced crops and livestock products.

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  • The systematic review search process identified 162 relevant articles published, with an English abstract, in peer-reviewed journals since 1st January 1958 until 29th February 2008. A total of 3558 comparisons of content of nutrients and other substances in organically and conventionally produced foodstuffs were extracted for analysis.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về bệnh học thý y được đăng trên tạp chí Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về bệnh thú y đề tài: Resistance to penicillin of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from cows with high somatic cell counts in organic and conventional dairy herds in Denmark...

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  • Traffic moves slowly in Kathmandu’s ancient and narrow city streets and distances travelled are relatively short. Currently, there are 3,500 three-wheeled vehicles, tempos, clogging Kathmandu’s streets. These three-wheelers are the most common form of public transportation in the Kathmandu Valley. They account for 25 percent of all vehicular traffic in the city and contribute over 60 percent of vehicular emissions.

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  • No evidence of a difference in content of nutrients and other substances between organically and conventionally produced crops and livestock products was detected for the majority of nutrients assessed in this review suggesting that organically and conventionally produced crops and livestock products are broadly comparable in their nutrient content.

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  • The overlap between regulations on germ-line genetic intervention and reproductive cloning is refl ected in Opinion 54 of The French National Consultative Ethics Committee in 199717 where it cited Art.16-4 of the civil code, which prohibits genetic modifi cation of descendants as an implicit ban on reproductive cloning. Another example is the Law on Healthcare in Georgia18 , which states ‘Human cloning through the use of genetic engineering methods shall be prohibited’.

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  • Currently there is uncertainty about the degree of difference in nutrient composition between conventionally and organically produced foodstuffs. Organic foodstuffs are those that are produced according to specified standards which, among other things, control the use of chemicals and medicines in crop and animal production, and emphasise protection of the environment. Recently published non-systematic reviews comparing nutrient composition of organically and conventionally produced foods have come to contrasting conclusions.

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  • The list of pharmaceutical products in the Pharmaceutical Appendix (Appendix) to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) has grown substantially since 1995. As a result of the first update, 496 items were added to the Appendix. The second update introduced an additional 642 items. The third update added 1,298 items. The current update includes 381 drugs identified by their international nonproprietary names (INNs), 17 prefixes and suffixes to identify derivatives of the INNs, and 354 chemical intermediates.

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  • The only impact evaluations the IDB has are beneficiary evaluations; that is, the IDB asks the beneficiaries in the communities how they evalu- ate what they received: Was it working correctly? Did they like it? Was the choice an adequate one? Was the project sustainable? The IDB study summarized about 800 project visits in various countries in which this sort of beneficiary evaluation was done, and in general, the beneficiary evaluations are quite positive. School projects have the highest evalua- tions even if a few schools that were built are not operating.

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  • Analysis was conducted on nutrients or nutrient groups for which numeric data were provided in at least 10 of the 137 crop studies identified by the review.

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  • In the modified gambling task, subjects selected cards from one of two decks to earn cash. The cards were pre-organized so that one deck (A) had an overall loss of $2.50 every ten cards and the other deck (B) had an overall gain of $2.50 every ten cards. All the cards in deck A gave a $1.00 on every turn but were occasionally accompanied with losses, $7.50 for example (for a net loss of $6.50). The other deck B gave a smaller gain for each card, +$0.50 but had smaller occasional losses. Subjects did not know the composition...

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  • of flat metal planes, theoretically capable of indefinite projection. Linear striations on the surface of the planes allow for the enjoyment of both spatial and temporal experiences simultaneously, while suggesting the possibility of infinite continuity. The Putnam Collection Pevsner, with its handsome black granite pedestal designed by the sculptor, serves additionally as a memorial to the Danish scientist and humanist Niels Bohr (1885-1962), who had longstanding personal and professional ties with colleagues in the Department of Physics at Princeton.

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  • We used t-tests with robust standard errors (to account for clustering caused by multiple nutrient comparisons within studies) to test the null hypothesis of no evidence of a difference between organically and conventionally produced food in content of nutrients and other substances. P-values were calculated to determine the significance of observed differences; p-values of less than 0.05 were used as a basis for evidence of significant differences between organically and conventionally produced foodstuffs.

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  • The purging device must be designed to accept 5 mL samples with a water column at least 3 cm deep. The gaseous head space between the water column and the trap must have a total volume of less than 15 mL. The purge gas must pass though the water column as finely divided bubbles with a diameter of less than 3 mm at the origin. The purge gas must be introduced no more than 5 mm from the base of the water column. The purging device illustrated in Figure 1 meets these design criteria.

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  • Furthermore, debt management policies can be all the more effective in the special case of the zero lower bound (ZLB). This is because policies aimed at shortening the duration of debt held by the public (ie selling Treasury bills and buying government bonds) may lower long-term yields without raising short-term yields, which are glued close to zero at the ZLB. But note that the corollary of the ZLB argument on its own is a policy asymmetry. Central banks may need to buy government bonds when at the ZLB if they want to stimulate demand. But they have no need to...

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  • Under certain conditions, lichen floristic and community analyses can be used in conjunction with measured levels of ambient or depositional pollutants accumulated by lichens to detect effects of changing air quality on vegetation. This information can demonstrate whether air pollutants cause undesirable changes in species composition or presence/absence of lichen species within terrestrial plant communities. It is important that any alternative hypotheses (e.g.

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  • Despite attempts to secure harrnonisation of accounting practice, significant variations in accounting rules and practice continue to arise in European countries, variations which give rise to compliance costs for multinational companies. Firstly, this paper considers the relevance of international accounting harmonisation for European business. It then proceeds to examine accounting regulation in three countries: Spain, Sweden and Austria, highlighting the key regulatory issues of the 'true and fair' view requirement and the link between taxation and accounting.

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  • The FDA also has jurisdiction over screening and testing of reproductive tissues, such as the eggs and sperm that will be implanted in human recipients. Regulations issued by the agency contain strict requirements for egg and sperm donors, including thorough medical histories, identification controls, freedom from infectious diseases, and rigorous inspection of the facilities in which these tissues are handled. Inspectors can order the recall or destruction of tissue that is infected with a communicable disease.

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  • Search strategies were developed with PubMed using Medical Subject Heading [MeSH] and title abstract [tiab] terms to identify relevant exposures (organic vs. conventional production methods) and outcomes (composition of nutrient and other substances). The exposure terms searched (including all MeSH, headings, subheadings and tiab terms) were “organic”, “health food”, “conventional” combined with “food”, “agricultural crop”, “livestock”, “agriculture”.

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  • Another key element in this regard is the creation of attractive investment packages for potential buyers, possibly with government financial support. If the government does not have sufficient access to specialized knowledge for the effective restructuring and management of assets, taxpayers may be forced to cover disproportionately high losses, despite a purchase price that accurately reflects the underlying value of the illiquid assets.

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