Organic chemistry

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  • The first two chapters of the text cover a variety of topics that you need to get started with your study of organic chemistry. Chapter 1 reviews the topics from general chemistry that will be important to your study of organic chemistry. The chapter starts with a description of the structure of atoms and then proceeds to a description of the structure of molecules. Molecular orbital theory is introduced. Acid–base chemistry, which is central to understanding many organic reactions, is reviewed.

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  • Chapter 1 introduction and review the organic chemistry. The goal is for you to learn: Review concepts from general chemistry that are essen-tial for success in organic chemistry, such as the electronic structure of the atom, Lewis structures and the octet rule, types of bonding, electronegativity, and formal charges; predict patterns of covalent and ionic bonding involving C, H, O, N, and the halogens. Identify resonancestabilized structures and compare the relative importance of their resonance forms.

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  • To help you further Chemistry document in the process of learning and working, you are invited to consult the "Organic chemistry specialisation syllabus (2012-2013) onwards 3&4 semesters" below. Hopefully document useful service for you.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 1: Bonding. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Bond strength and length, chemical thermodynamics and kinetics, equilibria, gibbs free energy, equilibria and free energy, reaction rate,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 5: Image and mirror image. This chapter includes contents: Image and mirror image of limonene, a new type of stereoisomerism, enantiomers, stereocenters, asymmetric carbon: No mirror plane, symmetry in nature, the polarimeter,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 7: Unimolecular substitution and elimination. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Some observations, a new mechanism, what is the intermediate? The mechanism explains the data, the strong effect of polar solvents on the SN1 reaction,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 8: Alcohols. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Ethanol, cyclic alcohols are called cycloalkanols, physical properties, hydrogen bonding, synthesis of alcohols R-OH,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 10: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: What is spectroscopy? General spectrometer, the chemical shift δ, complex splitting patterns,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 12: Reactions of alkenes. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Addition reactions of alkenes, catalytic hydrogenation, electrophilic additions, hydroboration-oxidation,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 13: Alkynes: The C≡C Triple bond. This chapter presents the following content: Introduction to alkynes, natural occurrence and uses of alkynes, physical properties of alkynes, spectroscopy of alkynes, nomenclature of alkynes, acid-base properties of alkynes,...

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 14: Delocalized Pi systems. After studying this chapter you will: Be able to identify, without explicit prompting, when delocalization is important, or not, be able to discuss the special characteristics benzene, be able to predict the products from a Diels-Alder reaction and be able to recognize a set of reactants and conditions as those belonging to the Diels-Alder reaction.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 15: Benzene and aromaticity. In this chapter, we will explore the structural implications of the stabilizing effects of aromaticity. The discussion will introduce the key ideas by focussing on the unique properties of benzene, the prototypical aromatic molecule. One new chemical reaction appears, electrophilic aromatic substitution, of benzene (using a variety of reagents, leading to different products). This reaction is elaborated in the next chapter, where the substrate is a substituted benzene.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 16: Electrophilic attack on derivatives of benzene. This chapter presents the following content: Donors and acceptors, induction and resonance, induction, resonance, disubstituted benzenes- higher substitution, the strongest activator wins,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 19: Carboxylic acids. The following will be discussed in this chapter: Naming: alkanoic acids, resonance, acidity, oxidation of primary alcohols and aldehydes, carbonation: organometallic reagents and carbon dioxide, nitrile hydrolysis,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 20: Carboxylic acid derivatives. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Inductive effects, resonance effects, acyl halides, reactions, anhydrides, esters, amides

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  • Lecture Organic chemistry - Chapter 25: Heterocycles. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Intramolecular SN2 reaction, special reaction for oxacyclopropanes, heterocyclopentadienes: pyrrole, furan, and thiophene; synthesis of heterocyclopentadienes,...and other contents.

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  • Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline within chemistry involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation (by synthesis or by other means) of carbon-based compounds, hydrocarbons, and their derivatives. Organic compounds are structurally diverse. The range of application of organic compounds is enormous. They either form the basis of, or are important constituents of, many products including plastics, drugs, petrochemicals, food, explosives, and paints....

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  • The Organic Synthesis Workbook promises to be to the current generation of graduate students, and even "students-for-life", what Ireland's and Alonso's books were to those of us who were graduate students in the 80's [Alsono: The Art of Problem Solving in Organic Chemistry, Ireland: Organic Synthesis].

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  • In this chapter, we study the three-dimensional structures of molecules to understand their stereochemical relationships. We compare the various types of stereoisomers and study ways to differentiate among stereoisomers. In future chapters, we will see how stereochemistry plays a major role in the properties and reactions of organic compounds.

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  • Chapter 2 - Structure and properties of organic molecules. To understand these aspects of molecular structure we need to consider how the atomic orbitals on an atom mix to form hybrid atomic orbitals and how orbitals on different atoms combine to form molecular orbitals. In this chapter, we look more closely at how combinations of orbitals account for the shapes and properties we observe in organic molecules.

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