Xem 1-20 trên 51 kết quả Organic discourse
  • The list of pharmaceutical products in the Pharmaceutical Appendix (Appendix) to the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTS) has grown substantially since 1995. As a result of the first update, 496 items were added to the Appendix. The second update introduced an additional 642 items. The third update added 1,298 items. The current update includes 381 drugs identified by their international nonproprietary names (INNs), 17 prefixes and suffixes to identify derivatives of the INNs, and 354 chemical intermediates.

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  • The purging device must be designed to accept 5 mL samples with a water column at least 3 cm deep. The gaseous head space between the water column and the trap must have a total volume of less than 15 mL. The purge gas must pass though the water column as finely divided bubbles with a diameter of less than 3 mm at the origin. The purge gas must be introduced no more than 5 mm from the base of the water column. The purging device illustrated in Figure 1 meets these design criteria.

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  • This paper introduces a new algorithm to parse discourse within the framework of Rhetorical Structure Theory (RST). Our method is based on recent advances in the field of statistical machine learning (multivariate capabilities of Support Vector Machines) and a rich feature space. RST offers a formal framework for hierarchical text organization with strong applications in discourse analysis and text generation.

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  • We are interested in the nature of content structures in terms of which it would be possible to account for reasoning processes in understanding natural language texts. One of the most crucial problems here at the present time is: how and by which mechanisms these reasoning processes are controlled and directed.

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  • My consents are organized within the framework suggested by the Panel Chair, Barbara Grosz, which I find very appropriate. All of my conlnents pertain to the various issues raised by her; however, wherever possible I will discuss these issues more in the context of the "information seeking" interaction and the data base doma/n. The primary question is how the purpose of the interaction or "the problem context" affects what is said and how it is interpreted. The ~ separate aspects of this question that must be considered are the function and the domain of the discourse. I. Types of...

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  • Traditionally, linguistics has been concerned with units at the level of the sentence or below, but recently, a body of research has emerged which demonstrates the existence and o r g a n i z a t i o n of linguistic units larger than the sentence. (Chafe, 1974; Goguen, Linde, and Weiner, to appear; Grosz, 1977; Halliday and Hasan, 1976; Labov, 1972; Linde, 1974, 1979, 1980a,198Cb; Linde and Goguen, 1978; Linde and Labov, 1975; Folanyi, 1978; Weiner, 1979.) Each such study raises a question about whether the structure discovered is a property of the organization of Language or...

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  • Text generation programs need to be designed around a theory of text organization. This paper introduces Rhetorical Structure Theory, a theory of text structure in which each region text generators, we must first have a suitable theory of text organization. attributes: 1. c o m p r e h e n s i v e n e s s : applicable to every kind of text; 2. functionality: informative in terms of how text achieves its effects for the writer;

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  • The need for organizations to innovate and furthermore to ceaselessly innovate is stressed throughout the modern management literature on innovation. This need comes from increasing competition and customer demands and new market areas. Closely linked, but not synonymous, with innovation is the body of knowledge referred to collectively as knowledge management. Within this discourse knowledge is considered as a potential key competitive advantage, by helping to increase innovation within the organization.

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  • complexity, also in the field of theories concerning social and economic sciences (The orgins of Order: Self-Organizations and Selection in Evolution, Oxford univ. Press, 1993). Efforts will be made to attempt to “crystallize” complex systems, that is to transform them into structures characterized by a high degree of order. This book The Systemic Dimension of Globalization that consists of a variety of approaches and topics was connected throughout the main message - the system conception.

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  • Traffic moves slowly in Kathmandu’s ancient and narrow city streets and distances travelled are relatively short. Currently, there are 3,500 three-wheeled vehicles, tempos, clogging Kathmandu’s streets. These three-wheelers are the most common form of public transportation in the Kathmandu Valley. They account for 25 percent of all vehicular traffic in the city and contribute over 60 percent of vehicular emissions.

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  • The great majority of Wisconsin household residents have health insurance (counting both private and public coverage). In 2008, an estimated 5,045,000 Wisconsin household residents (92%) had health insurance and 433,000 (8%) did not. This estimate is a “snapshot” of Wisconsin at one point in time (Figure 4). (Respondents report on the health insurance coverage of each household member at the time of the survey interview; interviews are conducted from February through December.

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  • The overlap between regulations on germ-line genetic intervention and reproductive cloning is refl ected in Opinion 54 of The French National Consultative Ethics Committee in 199717 where it cited Art.16-4 of the civil code, which prohibits genetic modifi cation of descendants as an implicit ban on reproductive cloning. Another example is the Law on Healthcare in Georgia18 , which states ‘Human cloning through the use of genetic engineering methods shall be prohibited’.

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  • A-priori market segmentation designates groups of customers who are similar in terms of segmentation variable(s) that are known or believed in advance to be related to con- sumption of a company’s product, for example, demographics, purchase volume or geographic area. Segmentation variables are selected before analysis begins.

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  • The only impact evaluations the IDB has are beneficiary evaluations; that is, the IDB asks the beneficiaries in the communities how they evalu- ate what they received: Was it working correctly? Did they like it? Was the choice an adequate one? Was the project sustainable? The IDB study summarized about 800 project visits in various countries in which this sort of beneficiary evaluation was done, and in general, the beneficiary evaluations are quite positive. School projects have the highest evalua- tions even if a few schools that were built are not operating.

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  • Zimbabwe continues to be among the least competitive economies in the World. According to the World Bank 2011―Doing Business Survey‖ Zimbabwe ranked 157 out of 183 countries in the world, a move up of two positions compared with the 2009 report. Its ranking however is still well below those of neighboring countries such as South Africa (34), Namibia (69), and Botswana (52) (Figure 2).

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  • of flat metal planes, theoretically capable of indefinite projection. Linear striations on the surface of the planes allow for the enjoyment of both spatial and temporal experiences simultaneously, while suggesting the possibility of infinite continuity. The Putnam Collection Pevsner, with its handsome black granite pedestal designed by the sculptor, serves additionally as a memorial to the Danish scientist and humanist Niels Bohr (1885-1962), who had longstanding personal and professional ties with colleagues in the Department of Physics at Princeton.

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  • Investments are deemed to be held for trading. Investments are recorded at their fair value with the change between this amount and average cost being recorded as unrealized appreciation (depreciation) in value of investments in the Statement of Operations. Securities listed on a recognized public securities exchange in North America are valued for financial statement purposes at their bid prices for long positions and ask prices for short positions.

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  • The literature on aesthetic labour provides some definitions. Martin describes aesthetic labour as ‘the requirement to have the management-determined mix of appearance, age, weight, class, and accent characteristics.’(2001, 106). He cites the work from Strathclyde University with ‘a hotel seeking to project a total image concept, with the hotel building representing the hardware and the staff the software’ (2001, 106). He remarks further that staff are expected to mould themselves into the required characteristics.

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  • Furthermore, debt management policies can be all the more effective in the special case of the zero lower bound (ZLB). This is because policies aimed at shortening the duration of debt held by the public (ie selling Treasury bills and buying government bonds) may lower long-term yields without raising short-term yields, which are glued close to zero at the ZLB. But note that the corollary of the ZLB argument on its own is a policy asymmetry. Central banks may need to buy government bonds when at the ZLB if they want to stimulate demand. But they have no need to...

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  • This is a further development of my last book Brain, Mind, and the Signifying Body(Thibault 2004a). That book was a first step in an overall attempt to rethink meaning-making activity from the perspective of the body-brain system – the signifying body – embedded in its ecosocial semiotic environment.

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