Organic farming is a modern way of agriculture management, not using any chemical
treatments which have negative effects on the environment, human health or animal health.
It produces organic foodstuffs, and at the same time enhances the living conditions of
animals. It contributes to environmental protection and helps biodiversity to increase.
Organic farming does not mean going ‘back’ to traditional (old) methods of farming. Many
of the farming methods used in the past are still useful today.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về bệnh học thý y được đăng trên tạp chí Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về bệnh thú y đề tài: Reproductive Performance, Udder Health, and Antibiotic Resistance in Mastitis Bacteria isolated from Norwegian Red cows in Conventional and Organic Farming...
Worldwide consumption of organic products has
experienced tremendous growth, often surpassing
the U.S. figures of 20 percent annual gain. Much of
the increase in worldwide consumption has been
fueled by consumers’ demand for GMO-free
products. Because GMOs are disallowed in organic
production and processing, organic products auto-
matically are designated as GMO-free at the
marketplace. European consumers have led the
demand for organic products, particularly in coun-
tries such as the Netherlands, Italy, and Austria.
Although production costs of organic specialty
crops can be higher than conventional production,
some organic commodity crops have lower costs
of production than the same conventional crops.
A recent study of corn and soybean production
in Iowa found that organic farms had lower
fertilizer and pesticide costs, but higher seed
and machinery costs. On the average, the total
cost of organic production was slightly lower
than that of conventional production.
Capital ownership costs for milk production (economic depreciation and interest) are computed
using the capital recovery approach. Capital recovery is an estimate of the cost of replacing the
capital investment for cattle housing, milking facilities, feed storage structures, manure handling
and storage structures, feed handling equipment, tractors, trucks, and purchased dairy herd
replacements used up in the annual production process, plus interest that the remaining capital
could have earned in an alternative use.
In order to overcome the limitation of land available for aquaculture in the central costal region of
Vietnam and to reduce organic pollution in traditional integrated fish farming, a new method was
developed called the ‘improved VAC’ In traditional VAC systems the manure from farm animals is
released into fish ponds whereas in the ‘Improved VAC’ the manure is used for earthworm culture.
The worm production is then used to feed high value fish species in tanks.
This paper describes the work performed on two programs supported in part by the U.S.
Department of Energy. These programs are aimed at evaluating the potential of using slurries of
chemical hydrides and organic liquids to store hydrogen. The projects have been very successful
in meeting all project objectives. After a detailed analysis of chemical hydrides, lithium hydride
was selected for use in these programs.
So it has to be explored
how much knowledge of organic farming consumers already have, and how they would like to
be more informed. Studies concerning consumer demand for organic food products are still un-
der-developed in the Northern Thai region. Therefore, the present paper aims to understand the
perceptions and attitudes towards organic food products in this region, to collect detailed infor-
mation of the demographic characteristics and to identify the reasons affecting consumers’ be-
havior towards organic food products. ...
It is important to note that not all non-synthetic
materials (natural) are allowable, nor are
all synthetic materials excluded from use in
organic production. Notable exceptions include
insecticidal soap, a synthetic compound that
can be used in pest control, and tobacco dust,
a natural product that is not permitted. The
Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI)
evaluates materials for use in organic agriculture
and publishes their findings in the form of lists of
allowable and prohibited inputs.
The number of certified organic farms in Canada has also been on the rise, increasing 60%
between 2001 and 2006. In 2006, there were about 3,500 certified organic farms, representing 1.5% of
all farms in Canada . Nearly half (45%) of these farms are situated in the Prairie Provinces, with
Saskatchewan accounting for about one-third of the nationwide total. Like their conventional
counterparts, most (95%) organic producers on the Prairies are engaged in the production of hay or
field crops, primarily wheat and barley, but also including a variety of other grains, pulses....
Much attention has increasingly been paid on safety, health and environmental
issues, not only in industry but also in the university. Small scale experiments are safer in
lowering the risk of chemical contact, more environmentally friendly, produce less waste
and gain many other benefits. Although several universities are familiar with small scale
chemistry and some universities have operated small scale chemistry laboratories
successfully, several other universities have not yet adopted these practices, particularly for
organic chemistry laboratory.
There are three types of consumer perception about organic product: pro-organic, health
conscious, and skeptic and it shown at the figure 2. The most pro-organic say that organic
farming is better for the environment. Since the organic farming can avoid pesticides and other
toxins, so it might be the number one reason of the health conscious one. In the other hand,
there are skeptic minds which say that organic products are too expensive, so they don’t want
to spend their money for it.
In figure 3, it showed the survey that had been done in Ireland, Germany,...
Organic farms extend from market gardens clustered near Australia’s big cities, to dairy farms
scattered along the East Coast to vast cattle stations in the outback. But the organic industry
in Australia is more than the sum of its farms. It is composed of processing facilities, logistics
operations, wholesalers, retailers, exporters, certification organisations and a range of other
individuals and organisations.
Certifying organisations inspect operators annually to ensure they comply with the National
Standard. They are also authorised to issue organic produce certificates on behalf of the
An AQIS-approved organic certifying organisation must undergo an annual audit of its
documented system. AQIS also audits the inspection system of certifying organisations
at various organic farms, processors, wholesalers and exporters.
The fact is, the “Team for Organic Farming” crew of experts were specifically informed at
least four times of the basic facts and potentials of soil remineralization; that there was
indeed “new” knowledge that has greatly boosted the productive power of organic or any
kind of farming. Invitations to visit Hamaker’s soil and crops were ignored.
Soil fertility is critical for the provision of adequate food, fiber and renewable natural
resources(fuel,wood etc.). In the developing world soil fertility is linked to economic well
being of many farm families. Poor soils means poor harvest leading to low returns for the
over 60% of the population of developing countries relying on agriculture for survival.Use
of inorganic and organic fertilizers in addition to biological processes to improve the fertility
of the soil requires good understanding of their practical use and management.
With growth and development rapidly in Vietnam, is a danger of overuse and
poor management of natural resources, thus affecting sustainable development.
Level of understanding, knowledge and use of the principles of natural resources
management (NRE) is limited to Vietnam's agriculture. Design results
project is to start with the concept of resource management is used in many
organizations in Vietnam (Universities, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and system extensions) and
enhanced to provide the set of policy knowledge, and advice to farmers in
The authors would like to thank the Partnership for Agriculture and Rural
Development (CARD) Program funded this research. We also want
thank the support of their organization as follows:
• Research Institute for Aquaculture No. 1 in Vietnam,
• The University of Western Australia,
• Extension Center Ha Tinh, Nghe An, Thua Thien-Hue,
• Vietnam National Fisheries Quality Assurance and Veterinary
Ian and Jane also became involved in processing and marketing their own products
about five years ago. They found that there is a lot to learn about running a paddock-
to-plate supply chain, including hiring staff and building strategic partnerships.
Employment problems, particularly recruiting and training the right people, proved to
be a significant issue for the business.
While the structure of the dairy processing industry has improved dramatically, milk collection
and distribution is fragmented compared to systems found in other countries. There is a need to
improve the supply chain from farmer to consumer in Pakistan.
There is very limited data available on the routes to market or the distribution channels
employed in Pakistan. Most of the milk produced in the farms is consumed at the household level.