Xem 1-20 trên 428 kết quả Organic materials
  • This book describes the state-of-the-art advancement in the field of organic electroluminescence contributed by many researchers with internationally established expertise in the field. It includes original contributions on the synthesis of suitable organic materials, fabrication of organic light emitting devices (OLEDs) and organic white light emitting devices (WOLEDs), characterization of these devices and some designs for optimal performance.

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  • The book offers comprehensive coverage of the broad range of scientific knowledge in the fields of advances in induction and microwave heating of mineral and organic materials. Beginning with industry application in many areas of practical application to mineral materials and ending with raw materials of agriculture origin the authors, specialists in different scientific area, present their results in the two sections: Section 1-Induction and Microwave Heating of Mineral Materials, and Section 2-Microwave Heating of Organic Materials....

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  • After the ground breaking discovery of electrical charge carrier transport in polymers in the late 1980s by Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa [1–3], who were awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 2000, the question arose as to whether organic materials would also find applications as organic semiconductors. This field really started to attract major attention after the demonstration of the first organic light emitting device (OLED) in 1987 by Tang and Van Slyke [4].

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  • From high-performance, economical and environmental points of view, Powder metallurgy process shows remarkable advantages in production of parts and components due to their special compositions by elemental mixing and 3-dimensional near net shape forming methods. Powder metallurgy process can be applied to not only metal materials but also ceramics and organic materials, which both are employed as structural and electrical products.

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  • The objective of waste water treatment is to prevent large quantities of substances to reach and impact the environment in high doses and concentrations. Areas of high population densitiy naturally are areas were production of sewage sludge is high (see Figure 1-1). Presently about 8 million t of sewage sludges (MAGOAROU 2000) are produced each year in the EU member states (Table 1-1). Its high content of organic materials, of nitrogen and phosphorous suggest their use as soil conditioner and fertilizer in agriculture.

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  • The presence of substances in groundwater may be affected by naturally occurring processes as well as by actions directly associated with human activities. Naturally occurring processes such as decomposition of organic material in soils or leaching of mineral deposits can result in increased concentrations of several substances. Those of health concern include arsenic, fluoride, selenium, uranium, nitrate, metals, and radionuclides such as radon. Problems of aesthetic quality and acceptance may be caused by iron, manganese, sulphate, chloride and organic matter. ...

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  • This book is intended for students in computer engineering, computer science,and electrical engineering. The material covered in the book is suitable for a onesemester course on “Computer Organization & Assembly Language” and a onesemester course on “Computer Architecture.” The book assumes that students studying computer organization and/or computer architecture must have had exposure to a basic course on digital logic design and an introductory course onhigh-level computer language.

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  • Organic synthesis is at the heart of chemistry. Although today interdisciplinary areas between chemistry and biology or between chemistry and material sciences are ofien believed to provide the main driving forces for the advancement of chemistry

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  • Fish are aquatic vertebrates with fins for appendages. They "breathe" by means of gills. Fish make up the largest of the vertebrate groups with over 20,000 species. They can be found in a great variety of lakes, streams, oceans and estuaries. Fish are divided into two groups based on the composition of their skeletons. The sharks, skates and rays are cartilaginous fish. Their skeletons are made of cartilage, the same flexible material in your ear lobes and nose. The majority of fish have skeletons made of bone and are called bony fish....

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  • The advent of Self Organizing Maps (SOM) provided an opportunity for scientists to experiment with its ability to solve hitherto complicated problems in all spheres of life. SOM has found application in practically all fi elds, especially those which tend to handle high dimensional data. SOM can be used for the clustering of genes, in the medical fi eld, the study of multimedia and web-based content and in the transportation industry, just to name a few.

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  • The 48 experiments in this well-conceived manual illustrate important concepts and principles in general, organic, and biochemistry. As in previous editions, three basic goals guided the development of all the experiments: (1) the experiments illustrate the concepts learned in the classroom; (2) the experiments are clearly and concisely written s

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  • .Application of Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysis to Construction Materials .RILEM STATE-OF-THE-ART REPORTS Volume 5 RILEM, The International Union of Laboratories and Experts in Construction Materials, Systems and Structures, founded in 1947, is a non-governmental scientific association whose goal is to contribute to progress in the construction sciences, techniques and industries, essentially by means of the communication it fosters between research and practice.

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  • Since the First International Congress on Liquid Crystals (Lcs), held at Kent State University, OH, USA, in 1965, the implications of these systems associated with various aspects of telecommunications, laser, display, automobile, aerospace technologies, thermo-optics, medicine and biology have been the subject of considerable debate among researchers, scientists and engineers. Indeed, LCs, being a unique mesomorphic phase of matter, combine properties of both solids (long-range orientation order, manifestations of Bragg diffraction, etc.) and liquids (fluidity, viscosity, etc.).

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  • Organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) are playing a major role in information technology (IT) by providing the promise of further expanding the use of digital displays through making display fabrication technology lower in cost and higher in performance to replace liquid crystal displays (LCD). Due to various attractive features such as high contrast, high brightness, large color gamut and thin structure, various sized OLED displays from small-sized mobile phone display to large-sized TV display have already begun to be mass-produced....

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  • Hydrogen peroxide is a strong oxidant that can be injected into a contaminated zone to destroy petroleum contaminants. When injected to groundwater, hydrogen peroxide is unstable, and reacts with organic contaminants and subsurface materials. It decomposes to oxygen and water within hours of its introduction into groundwater generating heat in the process. Peroxide is typically shipped to a remediation site in liquid form at dose concentrations ranging from five percent to 50 percent by weight.

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  • Analysis was conducted on all nutrients or nutrient groups for which numeric data were provided in at least 10 of the 137 crop studies that reported comparisons between organic and conventional crops (see Appendix 10).

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  • Finally, the last part of the questionnaire aimed to acquire information on the most innovative examples of financing mechanisms used in the EU countries. The goal for this was to provide innovative examples of financing mechanisms, which would be used for detailed analysis and material for a multi-criteria analysis (MCA) of alternative financing mechanisms. In total, 35 cases of financing mechanisms were reported from 13 countries.

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  • The European Union has developed the draft of a “Working document on sludge” (EU 2000), to promote the use of sewage sludge in agriculture while improving the safety and harmonize quality standards. It proposes limit values for concentrations of heavy metals and organic compounds that should restrict the use of sewage sludge in agriculture if the limits are exceeded and provides suggestions for good practice in treatment and agricultural use.

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  • The chemical properties of organics of health concern – hydrophobic and not water soluble - results in a low bioavailability to plants. Plant growth is dependent on the water solubility of nutrients and minerals and water is the transporting vector. Organics with a low water solubility will therefore not be taken up by plants. The presence of organic environmental pollutants, like dioxins and PCBs in agricultural crops is more the result of atmospheric deposition than direct absorption from contaminated soil.

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  • A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress, Washington D.C., USA Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Bibliothek Die Deutsche Bibliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; Detailed bibliographic data is available in the Internet at http://dnb.ddb.de. This work is subject to copyright.

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