While we distinguish the first four 'rungs' of the Intervention Ladder as involving different
degrees of organisational involvement and (potentially) cost, we do not distinguish them on
ethical grounds: all are 'altruist-focused interventions'. We do not consider that refunding
expenses involved in donation or providing minor tokens as a „spur‟ to donation involve ethical
compromises in a way that information campaigns or letters of thanks do not.
As life expectancy continues to rise, one of the
greatest challenges of public health is to improve
the quality of later years of life. The aim of this
present study was to analyze the quality of life
profile of the elderly across different demographic
and socioeconomic factors. A cross-sectional
study was carried out in two stages, involving
1,958 individuals aged 60 years or more. Health
related quality of life (HRQOL) was assessed using
the SF-36 questionnaire.
Chapter 9 - Decision making and employee involvement. Chapter learning objectives: Diagram the general model of decision making, explain why people have difficulty identifying problems and opportunities, identify three factors that challenge our ability to choose the best alternative, outline the causes of escalation of commitment to a poor decision, outline the forms and levels of employee involvement, describe sociotechnical systems theory recommendations for more successful self-directed work teams.
While many programmes in the review had the potential to integrate chronic
disease prevention, few did; therefore efforts could be directed towards better
integration of chronic disease prevention programmes to minimize duplication
and optimize resources. Programmes require sustained long-term resources to
facilitate comprehensive evaluation that will ascertain if long-term impact such
as sustained normal weight is maintained.
This book covers the area of Operations Strategy. This is defined in chapter 2 before formulation methods for operations strategy are discussed in chapter 3. Operations strategy is considered in many organisations as the implementation of an improvement approach such as lean operations. Chapters 4 to 8 cover various improvement approaches including lean, BPR, ERP, TQM and Agile Operations. Chapter 9 covers the area of projects which provide the organisational structure around which operation strategies are implemented.
Financial accountancy (or financial accounting) is the field of accountancy concerned
with the preparation of financial statements for decision makers, such as stockholders,
suppliers, banks, employees, government agencies, owners and other stakeholders.
Financial capital maintenance can be measured in either nominal monetary units or units of
constant purchasing power. The central need for financial accounting is to reduce the
various principal-agent problems, by measuring and monitoring the agents' performance
and thereafter reporting the results to interested users.
Starting from the in situ quality of waterbodies themselves and working backwards to address
threats to quality sounds like simple common sense. It is, but it is not how one would describe
the current regulatory system. The focus of the current system is on specific numeric discharge
limits applied to a precisely defined universe of pollution sources. The quality of surface waters
themselves is a binding regulatory issue only if quality is adequately monitored and if point
sources are found to be the source of the problem.
Effluent taxes could play an important role in...
A rich end-user experience has become the hallmark of search marketing. Searchers now receive instant, real-time, personalized and local information. Blended search supports these developments by generating results pages that include not only blue links, but also video, images, news, press releases, customer reviews and real-time social media content.
This colorful backdrop of search activity is the setting for MarketingSherpa’s eighth annual benchmark report of search engine marketing.
An intensive weight loss program in Slovenia including
behavioral, psychological, cognitive and physical ele-
ments has shown promising long-term results on 48 sub-
jects . Median weight loss of completers when they
left the program was 11.5 kg. At least 5 years later, 13 of
them still maintained the reduced weight.
It is important to note that only participants who had
successfully completed at least 4 months of treatment
were included in the analysis.
Your official claim for damages is called a Proof of
Loss.This must be fully completed and signed and
in the hands of your insurance company within 60
days after the loss occurs.
The Proof of Loss includes a detailed estimate to
replace or repair the damaged property . In most cases,
the adjuster , as a courtesy , will provide you with a
suggested Proof of Loss. However , you are responsible
for making sure that it is complete, accurate and filed
in a timely manner .
Be sure to keep a copy of the Proof of Loss—and
copies of all supporting documents—for your records....
A public company is a company that is not a private company. A public company may offer its
shares to the general public and no limit is placed on the number of members. A private
company that is a subsidiary of a company that is not a private company is also a public
company. However, the status of a private subsidiary with more than one shareholder, where one
is a foreign corporate body (holding company) and the other shareholder is not, depends on the
status of its holding company.
A “section 25” company is a company formed for the purpose...
In the Calendar folder, you can schedule appointments and review your tasks. An appointment is a scheduled activity that does not involve anyone else. A task is an activity you must perform and track to completion.
To manage your time effectively, you must be able to move easily from one date to another within your Outlook Calendar and to display each date in the desired view. The Calendar toolbar offers quick access to various Calendar views. The Date Navigator, which looks like a monthly calendar, helps you speedily move from one week or month to another. You can even show two...
Second, the high levels of banks’ discretionary capital observed do not appear to be
explained by buffers that banks hold to insure against falling below the minimum
capital requirement. Banks that would face a lower cost of raising equity at short notice
(profitable, dividend paying banks with high market to book ratios) tend to hold
significantly more capital.
Third, the consistency between non-financial firms and banks does not extend to the
components of leverage (deposit and non-deposit liabilities).
Public-sector procurement policies
Some public-sector organisations are
beginning to buy in goods and services to help
them meet their wider aims. (For example,
to boost the region’s economy or improve
the steps they take towards environmental
issues.) If this is the case, it may be worth
looking into the ‘added value’ your bid may
have to the buyer. If you can show that you
have thought about the effect of your
company’s involvement, and developed
relevant policies, this may be looked upon
In an era of information overload, it is not too radical to expect some social consciousness from the cinema
medium. All this while, there has been discussion about media‟s responsibility to the society. So why cinema
should be engaged only with creating leisure for its audience and not make them think critically? Popular
rhetoric and culture need to be challenged and cinema can do it effectively if it exhibits some sensitivity to
gender issues. This is because Hindi films now enjoy a huge international market in many South Asian and
For those using ART because of medical infertility, there are a variety of factors that can
contribute to this diagnosis. According to the Collaborative on Health and the Environment,
infertility can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, combinations of the two, or
endocrine or immune system disorders. It can be caused in the womb, in which genetic
instructions are impacted by factors such as a mutation, a chemical insult, or an imbalance in
hormones and the impact is not seen until the individual tries to procreate; or it can be caused in
The National Telecommunications & Information Administration (2002, n.p.) has reported that
Americans 65 and older rarely perform the following Internet-based activities: visiting chat rooms,
playing games, visiting job sites, listening to music, trading stocks, or participating in listservs.
Wicks (2004) found that reading was one of the most popular past-times of the elderly interviewed in
his study. The majority of them used the library to rent books, audio, videos and participate in library
The Committee evaluated the impact of its regulatory regimes on trade finance for low
income countries. For those countries, confirmed letters of credit are of specific importance.
Confirmed letters of credit provide exporters with additional protection against any losses
incurred from importers’ and issuing banks’ failure to meet their obligations of payments.
The Internet offers companies the opportunity to market goods and services to more customers than
ever before. Reaching these customers and developing their loyalty by delivering quality, convenience,
price competitiveness, and the right products and services, begins with a solid emarketing plan.
Whether you are making the move to emarketing or are already and emarketer, you will need to
develop a plan, implement the plan, be accountable for actual results, and utilize metrics that help
propel you towards e-business success.
Total public spending on lighting crime can be reduced, while keeping
the mathematically expected punishment unchanged, by offsetting a cut in
expenditures on catching criminals with a sufficient increase in the punish-
ment to those convicted. However, risk-preferring individuals are more
deterred from crime by a higher probability of conviction than by severe