In this paper the organization of the grammars in the Rosetta machine translation system is described and it is shown how this organization makes it possible to translate between words of different syntactic categories in a systematic way. It is also shown how the organization chosen makes it possible to translate 'small clauses' into full clauses and vice versa. The central concept worked out here in some detail is the concept of 'partial isom o r p h y ' between subgrammars. The system as described here has been implemented and is currently being tested. and a control...
Chapter 10 - The business of reports: Informal and formal report writing. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: The business of reports, purposes of reports, conduct research and collect data, types of problems, primary data collection methods.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy
Efficiency and Renewable Energy oversees the Office of
Transportation Technologies, which includes the Office of
Heavy Vehicle Technologies (OHVT), the Office of Advanced
Automotive Technologies (OAAT), the Office of Fuels
Development, and the Office of Technology Utilization.
OHVT was created in March 1996 when the Office of Transportation
Technologies was reorganized. Its sister organization,
OAAT, focuses on the development of advanced automotive
technologies, while OHVT focuses, for the most part,
on technologies for trucks.
Prolamellar bodies (PLB) contain two photochemically active forms of the enzyme protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase POR-PChlide640 and POR-PChlide650 (the spectral forms of POR-Chlide complexes with absorption maxima at the indicated wavelengths). Resuspension of maize PLB in media with a pH below 6.8 leads to a rapid conversion of POR-PChlide650 to POR-PChlide640 and a dramatic re-organization of the PLB membrane system. In the absence of excess NADPH, the absorption maximum of the POR complex undergoes a further shift to about 635 nm....
The organization of Arabidopsis thaliana photosystem II (PSII) and its associated light-harvesting antenna (LHCII) was studied in isolated PSII–LHCII supercomplexes and native membrane-bound crystals by transmission electron microscopy and image analysis. Over 4000 single-particle projections of PSII– LHCII supercomplexes were analyzed. In comparison to spinach supercomplexes [Boekema, E.J., van Roon, H., van Breemen, J.F.L. & Dekker, J.P. (1999) Eur. J. Biochem.
RAP publication 2002/04
LYCHEE PRODUCTION IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS REGIONAL OFFICE FOR ASIA AND THE PACIFIC BANGKOK, THAILAND, MARCH 2002
LYCHEE PRODUCTION IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION
Edited by Minas K. Papademetriou Frank J.
We are grateful to everyone who attended the panel’s ﬁrst meet-
ing and provided perspectives on issues of human research participant
protection in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences (SBES).
We acknowledge the wealth of information that we obtained from web-
sites of private and public organizations and from previous surveys
of the review process for research with human participants (see the
Spatial or territorial organization is one of effective tools for sustainable land use. Spatial organization of land use and environmental protection by functional sub-areas is performed on the basis of comprehensive and integrated research on characteristics and differentiation laws of natural components and landscapes, socio-economic factors, the present status and trend of environmental changes as well as the structures and functions of sub-areas. Uong Bi is a national center for tourism, coal mining and thermal power production.
Catharanthus roseussynthesizes a wide range of valuable monoterpene
indole alkaloids, some of which have recently been recognized as func-tioning in plant defence mechanisms. More specifically, in aerial organ
epidermal cells, vacuole-accumulated strictosidine displays a dual fate,
being either the precursor of all monoterpene indole alkaloids after
export from the vacuole...
The nano-scale spatial organization of metallic and other inorganic materi-als into 1D objects is a key task in nanotechnology. Nano-scale fibers and
tubes are very useful templates for such organization because of their
inherent 1D organization. Fibrillar biological molecules and biomolecular
assemblies are excellent physical supports on which to organize the inor-ganic material.
Instead, this report will describe some of the notable sources and organizers of culturally and
linguistically appropriate information locally and nationally, discuss related cultural competence
issues, and look into some possible ways to increase access to such materials through building
on existing infrastructures. The centerpiece of this project was a focus group and interviews
with professionals particularly interested in linguistic access to care, cultural competence, and
access to information.
p63 is a member of the p53 tumour suppressor family that includes p73.
Thep63gene encodes a protein comprising an N-terminal transactivation
domain, a DNA binding domain and an oligomerization domain, but var-ies in the organization of the C-terminus as a result of complex alternative
Human glutamate carboxypeptidase II [GCPII (EC 18.104.22.168)] is recog-nized as a promising pharmacological target for the treatment and imaging
of various pathologies, including neurological disorders and prostate can-cer. Recently reported crystal structures of GCPII provide structural
insight into the organization of the substrate binding cavity and highlight
residues implicated in substrate⁄inhibitor binding in the S1¢ site of the
I will discuss experiments which probe the large-scale organization of mitotic chromosomes, using a combination of chemical modifi-cations and micromechanical force measurements. Restriction nucleases cause dissolution of the chromosome, indicating that DNA
itself is the contiguous structural element of the chromosome. Therefore the non-DNA (i.e., protein) components must be isolated
from one another, suggesting that the mitotic chromosome is best thought of as a network or gel of chromatin.
In insects, the functional molecules responsible for the taste system are still
obscure. The gene for a 28.5 kDa protein purified from taste sensilla of the
blowflyPhormia reginabelongs to a gene family that includestakeout of
Drosophila melanogaster. Molecular phylogenetic analysis revealed that the
PhormiaTakeout-like protein is most similar to the protein encoded by a
member of theDrosophila takeoutgene family, CG14661, whose expression
and function have not been identified yet.
Riftia pachyptila(Vestimentifera) is a giant tubeworm living
around the volcanic deep-sea vents of the East Pacific Rise.
This animal is devoid of a digestive tract and lives in an
intimate symbiosis with a sulfur-oxidizing chemoauto-trophic bacterium. This bacterial endosymbiont is localized
in the cells of a richly vascularized organ of the worm: the
The leukocyte-derived arginine aminopeptidase (L-RAP) is the second ami-nopeptidase localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) processing anti-genic peptides presented to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class
I molecules. In this study, the genomic organization of the gene encoding
human L-RAP was determined and the regulatory mechanism of its expres-sion was elucidated.
The aim of this paper is to show how large-scale (computational) grammars of natural language benefit from an organization of semantics which is based on Minimal Recursion Semantics (MRS; Copestake et al. (1999)). This we are doing by providing an account of valence alternations in German based on MRS, showing how such an account makes a computational grammar more efficient and less complicated for the grammar writer.
The Phycomyces blakesleeanus wild-type is yellow, because it accumulates b-carotene as the main carotenoid. A new carotenoid mutant of this fungus (A486) was isolated, after treatment with ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS), showing a whitish coloration. It accumulates large amounts of phytoene, small quantities of phyto¯uene, f-carotene and neurosporene, in decreasing amounts, and traces of b-carotene. This phenotype indicates that it carries a leaky mutation aecting the enzyme phytoene dehydrogenase (EC 1.3.-.-), which is speci®ed by the gene carB....
The human MUC4 gene encodes a large membrane-associated mucin, characterized by a mucin tandem repeat domain and a growth factor-like transmembrane domain. In addition to the originally published sequence (sv0-MUC4), several MUC4 cDNA sequences (called sv1-MUC4 to sv21MUC4, MUC4/X, MUC4/Y) from various tissues and cell lines have been recently described. They diﬀer from sv0MUC4 by deletions and/or insertions located in the 3¢ region or, for two of them, by deletion of the central repetitive domain.