In the same way that a well-defined approach is needed to develop an effective strategic plan, an equally well-designed approach is needed to support the alignment of your organization's structure, management concepts, systems, processes, networks, knowledge nets, training, hiring, and reward systems.
Interactive textbook at www/worldbank.org/pdt
1. Structure and Organizational Alignment for M&E Systems 8. Periodic Surveys
2. Human Capacity for M&E Systems
6. Advocacy, Communication and Culture for M&E Systems
9. Databases Useful to M&E Systems 7. Routine Monitoring 12. Using Information to Improve Results 3. M&E Partnerships
10. Supportive Supervision and Data Auditing
11. Evaluation and Research 5. Costed M&E Work Plans 4.
Most units will be appropriate for use with all teachers in primary,
special and secondary schools where their subjects will support the
application and reinforcement of the skills that are the unit’s focus.
The document might well be used, for example, if a school’s
self-evaluation process has indicated that the standard of learners’
writing is a problem either in English, Welsh or in subjects across the
analyzing fees allows us to determine whether investors in SRI funds pay an explicit price for
the ethical value of their investments. Our results also shed light on the way in which mutual
fund fees are determined, particularly on the question of whether fees simply reﬂect funds'
operating costs or, as argued by Christofersen and Musto (2002) and Gil-Bazo and Ruiz-Verdú
(2009), they are set taking into account the performance sensitivity of funds' clienteles.
In addition, Thai mutual funds play an important role in the capital market and
Thailand’s economy is among the three fastest growing in the Asia/Pacific region. The data
on mutual funds and the stock market, as well as other relevant information from Thailand,
are sufficiently accessible and more complete than from many other emerging countries and
thus allow us to make more comprehensive investigations of mutual funds in emerging
Critical reading is essential for success in college. Students who do well in this section are ready
for reading demands in college courses. Students who score below 151 on Reading Skills will
benefit from courses designed to strengthen their ability to read critically and to write effectively
about what they have read. All of the reading material is accessible to and appropriate for
college-bound students. Much of the content is of special interest to Californians and reflects the
diversity of cultural experience in the state.
A common approach to adjusting for seasonal and long-term trends is to use semiparametric
models which incorporate a smooth function of time. The use of nonparametric smoothing
in time series models of air pollution and health was suggested in Schwartz (1994a), where
generalized additive Poisson models were used with LOESS smooths of time, temperature,
dewpoint temperature and PM10. This approach can be thought of as regressing residuals from
the smoothed dependent variable on residuals from the smoothed regressors.
This guidance applies to all companies to which the Code applies – i.e.
UK listed companies. For groups, it will usually be necessary for the
audit committee of the parent company to review issues that relate to
particular subsidiaries or activities carried on by the group.
Consequently, the board of a UK-listed parent company should ensure
that there is adequate cooperation within the group (and with internal
and external auditors of individual companies within the group) to
enable the parent company audit committee to discharge its
Thus, an overwhelming majority of the funds
garnered from the urban non-retail segment
are short-term investments. Further, this is
not a short-term trend as it has been noticed
over a period of a few years. Therefore, if
the industry wants to change the age profile
of the funds it has at its disposal, it needs to
seriously look at the other investors i.e. retail
investors and high net-worth individuals
(HNIs) in the urban and semi-urban areas.
This will also help fulfil the objectives of
This section discusses the review of monthly reports, equipment and supply
inventories, and segregation of financial administrative duties. In reviewing reports,
the reviewer shall sign a departmental reviewer's certification log (which should include
the account numbers, transaction month, reviewer's signature, and the date received)
for the DaFIS transactions and the departmental reviewer's certification section printed
on the last page of payroll reports.
When conditions within a country or sector do not
yet allow other approaches to be used.
As has been noted in the section on the Sector
Programme approach and Budgetary Aid, certain
conditions need to be met before either of these
two approaches/tools can be effectively used. In the
meantime, projects will continue to be an aid
delivery option as long as they can demonstrate
that they support the delivery of sustainable
benefits and do not impact negatively on local
When estimating duration, define an initial requirement for resources. For the
project schedule, it is sufficient to estimate the number of each type of resource
required, rather than specific people, e.g., 2 Programmers. Concentrate on
identifying the resource types who will either be part of the project team or who will
have a significant impact on the project.
Document the initial resource requirements, since if these assumptions are invalid
(e.g., Step 020, duration 30 days, resource requirement 2 Programmers) then the
step estimates will need to be revised.
More than 93 percent of car thefts occur in metropolitan areas where motor vehicle
theft remains a pervasive problem. Western states, in particular, experience high
rates of motor vehicle theft, while nationally a car or truck was stolen every 28.8
seconds in 2007. The FBI Uniform Crime Reports released in September 2008
estimate 1.1 million motor vehicle thefts in 2007, with an estimated value of $7.4
In this paper we propose the design of Byzantium,
a Byzantine-fault-tolerant database replication middle-
ware. Byzantium improves on existing BFT replication
for databases both because it has no centralized compo-
nents (of whose correctness the integrity of the system
depends) and by allowing increased concurrency, which
is essential to achieve good performance.
The main insight behind our approach is to aim
for weaker semantics than traditional BFT replication
Stains caused by dental materials are not uncommon (Figure 7-6).Among the discolorants found in dental materials, metallic ions are
considered to be the most difficult to bleach.The metallic corrosion products may lead to a dark gray or black appearance that will
be visible through the remaining tooth structure, including the root structure (Figures 7-12 and 7-13).The severity of discoloration
and the success of bleaching depend upon the amount of metallic ions penetrating the dentinal tubules.
The amalgamation of a number of channels is allowed provided the equipment (or the
system) meets the spectrum efficiency criteria set out in the certification section of this
The Department introduces a redeployment plan that will increase spectrum efficiency
in the bands 150 MHz and 450 MHz through the introduction of more spectrum
There are a few terms specific to mobile robots that must be defined to
avoid confusion. First, the term robot itself has unfortunately come to
have at least three different meanings. In this book, the word robot
means an autonomous or semi-autonomous mobile land vehicle that may
or may not have a manipulator or other device for affecting its environ-
ment. Colin Angle, CEO of iRobot Corp. defines a robot as a mobile
thing with sensors that looks at those sensors and decides on its own
what actions to take....
Setting Equation (6) equal to zero and solving for P
also provides the level of population at the turning point as referred to
above. Our results therefore clearly suggest that the marginal impact of
population on sulfur dioxide emissions is an increasing function of the level
of population i.e., the greater the level of population, the greater the envi-
ronmental impact of each additional unit of population.
As a next step, column III reports results from the model that examines
the role played by the age structure of the population.
At the heart of Greenplum Database is the Parallel Dataflow
Engine. This is where the real work of processing and analyzing
data is done. The Parallel Dataflow Engine is an optimized
parallel processing infrastructure that is designed to process
data as it flows from disk, from external files or applications, or
from other segments over the gNet interconnect (Figure 9).
The engine is inherently parallel—it spans all segments of a
Greenplum cluster and can scale effectively to thousands of
commodity processing cores.
So far we have discussed only the truth sets assigned to compound
statements involving ∨, ∧, and ¬. All the other connectives can be
deﬁned in terms of these three basic ones, so that we can deduce what
truth sets should be assigned to them. For example, we know that
p → q is equivalent to ¬p ∨ q (see Figure ??). Hence the truth set of
p → q is the same as the truth set of ¬p∨q, that is, it is ˜ P∪Q. The Venn
diagram for p → q is shown in Figure 2.7, where the shaded area is the
truth set for the...