Against this background, we make several advances over the literature. We construct
a new dataset that covers virtually the entire global stock market in capitalization terms and
find—for this more comprehensive dataset—that industry effects have gone from less than
half as important as country effects in the mid-1990s to almost twice as important in recent
years. This shift is primarily driven by a dramatic rise in magnitude of industry effects, with
country effects roughly stable since the mid-1990s.
The most established nationwide medical registry in Germany is the Perinatal Registry, which collects
maternal health records concerning pregnancy, delivery and perinatal outcome from now more than
1100 hospitals. Over the past 16 years, data collection was transformed from printed questionnaires to
digital records. A special web-based information source of the German Perinatal Registry does not
Hemodynamic monitoring is one of the major diagnostic tools available in the
acute care setting to diagnose cardiovascular insufficiency and monitor changes
over time in response to interventions. However, in recent years, the rationale and
efficacy of hemodynamic monitoring to affect outcome has come into question.
We now have increasing evidence that outcome from critical illness can be improved
by focused resuscitation based on existing hemodynamic monitoring,
whereas non-specific aggressive resuscitation impairs survival.
In the first workshop, the experts pointed out thematic clusters for future
research according to their opinion and experience. These clusters were
defined in a guided brainstorming process. References to existing and past
research programmes and initiatives were minimised to ensure a creative
approach to the topic.
The resulting thematic landscape of research issues, which included a broad
range of topics from e.g. functional food over the generation of new raw
material to traceability and labelling systems, was subsequently checked for
comprehensiveness and put into a logical order.
In many countries, no comprehensive and coherent policy and legislation exists for water
pollution control or for environmental protection (see Case Study XIII, Yemen). This does
not prevent water pollution control from taking place before such policies have been
formulated and adopted, but the most efficient and effective outcome of water pollution
control is obtained within a framework of defined policies, plans and co-ordinating
Subjectivity analysis is a rapidly growing ﬁeld of study. Along with its applications to various NLP tasks, much work have put efforts into multilingual subjectivity learning from existing resources. Multilingual subjectivity analysis requires language-independent criteria for comparable outcomes across languages. This paper proposes to measure the multilanguage-comparability of subjectivity analysis tools, and provides meaningful comparisons of multilingual subjectivity analysis from various points of view. ...
The diversity that exists in Ontario’s classrooms has helped to shape
the policy outlined in this document, which is intended to promote good
outcomes for English language learners. These students need to learn the
language of instruction in English language schools at the same time as they
are working towards meeting the curriculum expectations. Implementation
of this policy will promote academic achievement among English language
learners at the level expected of all learners in Ontario.
• • • • • • •
Check the error level. Verify on the server that the file doesn t exceed the maximum permitted size. Check that the file is of an acceptable type. Remove spaces from the filename. Rename files that have the same name as an existing one to prevent overwriting. Handle multiple file uploads automatically. Inform the user of the outcome.
You need to implement these steps every time you want to upload files, so it makes sense to build a script that can be reused easily. That s why I have chosen to use a custom class....
Neither randomized clinical trials nor meta-
analysis are available and evidence is based on a number of retrospective studies with
multivariate for mortality risk factors or data from national cancer registries (Gilliland et al.,
1997; Hundahl et al., 1998). Unfortunately, very remarkable differences in patient’s selection,
staging systems, and clinical management affect the available studies. In particular,
radioiodine treatment is not routinely carried out in a standard manner and outcome results
of different studies are thus not comparable (Sciuto et al., 2009).
While the links between ICT and environmental outcomes are becoming clearer, there is no separate statistical field that links the two. Nevertheless, some data are available from official statistical sources, from analytical work and from product life cycle studies.
This report suggests a conceptual framework for the new statistical field “ICT and the environment” based on an existing OECD framework for information society statistics. Sources of official data to populate the framework are investigated and some relevant work has been identified.
Individuals can benefit from enhanced peace of mind, less anxiety and less pain – and better
health outcomes when waiting times are very long29 – when provided with speedier access to care, as
afforded by private health insurance in duplicate PHI markets. There are nonetheless trade-offs with other
policy goals, such as equity, which have led policymakers in the Netherlands to make different policy
Concerning the motives for consuming luxury brands, it has to be stated that the notion of ―buying to impress
others‖, still more or less serves as a strategic principle for the marketing management of luxury brands (Berry
1994; Dittmar 1994; Corneo and Jeanne 1997; Vigneron and Johnson 1999, 2004; O‘Cass and Frost 2002).
According to the theory of impression management, consumers are highly affected by the internal drive to create a
favorable social image from the outcome of their purchase behavior (Eagly and Chaiken 1993; Mandrik 1996;
Credit hour is the unit by which an institution measures its course work. The number of
credit hours assigned to a course quantitatively reflects the outcomes expected, the mode
of instruction, the amount of time spent in class, and the amount of outside preparatory
work expected for the class.
Considerable variation exists from institution to institution and within a given institution.
A semester credit hour is the most commonly used system of measuring course work and
is usually based on at least a 14-17 week calendar.
We ﬁnd strong evidence against the view that childhood tele-
vision viewing harms the cognitive or educational development
of preschoolers. Our preferred point estimate indicates that an
additional year of preschool television exposure raises average
adolescent test scores by about 0.02 standard deviations. We are
able to reject negative effects larger than about 0.03 standard
deviations per year of television exposure.
The outcome of our empirical examination shows that before 2002, a strong contempora-
neous spillover from A to B existed, whilst the unconditional correlation of the structural
innovations is not signicant. This indicates that commonality between the A and B
market was primarily based on the informational leading role of the A market. In the
second period, the large contemporaneous spillover from A to B is replaced by a consider-
able fundamental correlation, let alone a relatively small spillover from B to A.
Broad management of NTDs contributes towards enhanced cognitive and physical development and
to the reduction in number of underweight, malnourished and stunted children under the nutrition
and child health targets, as well as to improved maternal health. Reduction of worm burden can also
lead to improved health outcomes for individuals suffering from HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria. The
GOK considers integrated management and control of NTDs both attainable and a high priority.
Although the overall technical efficiency of the system has increased
considerably, mainly due to the introduction of output-based payment systems,
allocative efficiency remains a problem. Considerable variations exist in service
delivery both geographically and by specialization, and equity of access is
far from being realized, a fact which is mirrored in differing health outcomes
for different population groups.