Social determinants of health have a strong influence on a wide diversity of health
endpoints. The same is valid for the field of environmental health, as the exposure to
environmental risk factors is also unequally distributed, and this unequal distribution is
often related to social characteristics such as income, social status, employment and
education, but also non-economic aspects such as gender, age or ethnicity. However,
depending on the environmental risk and the “risk group” considered, the magnitude of
inequality varies largely.
This chapter provides a review of the issues
involved in accounting for renewable and envi-
ronmental resources. It is not intended to be a
comprehensive review ofwork in this area. Rather,
it delineates the issues that are involved in envi-
ronmental accounting and presents two important
speciﬁc examples that illustrate these issues. The
ﬁrst section reviews BEA’s efforts in environmental
accounting to date.
This monograph is about managing our financial wealth in the context of
having both human and financial capital. The portfolio that works best tends to
hold stocks and bonds as well as insurance products. We are attempting to put these
decisions together in a single framework. Thus, we are trying to provide a theoretical
foundation—a framework—and practical solutions for developing investment
advice for individual investors throughout their lives.
The report contains recommendations in each of the above categories, as well some general
recommendations. We believe these recommendations will further advance our collective goal to
provide a safer online experience to our children.
We would like to personally thank the support of the National Telecommunications and Information
Administration (NTIA) and its staff during this process. Their assistance throughout the past year was
invaluable in allowing us to execute on our mandate.
With a shared server architecture, a small pool of server processes can serve a large
number of clients. This reduces the server’s memory requirements. Connection
pooling and session multiplexing features are enabled through shared server.
Connection pooling enables the database server to time out protocol connections and
to use those connections to service an active session.
Session multiplexing, available with Oracle Connection Manager, enables multiple
client sessions to funnel through a single protocol connection. ...
Naturally, the student will start in the IB sector if uf
g). As a re-
sult of heterogeneity in MBAs’ preferences, though the marginal graduate is
indifferent between the two sectors, some (perhaps nearly all) graduates ex-
pect to strictly prefer the sector they choose. The state of the stock market is
likely to have a larger marginal effect on expectations about w0
in the general sector because favorable conditions on Wall Street will increase
demand for labor and expected pay.
As part of our ongoing effort to improve the accuracy of data used to evaluate the ENERGY STAR program,
we wanted to capture data from a wider range of commercial building types and geographic regions. While
our sample is not large enough to distinguish regional differences in equipment night-time or after-hours
power status, we hope to improve the robustness of our data by increasing its geographic diversity. Also,
because office equipment is not confined to offices or office buildings, we wanted to capture data from
Each test was conducted using 3 replications. It was necessary to conduct
additional experimentation when analyzing for alcohol-toluene extractive content and
holocellulose content. The alcohol-toluene test is the starting material for many of the
other experiments. Both the lignin and holocellulose content test are performed with
extractive-free bamboo that is derived from the alcohol-toluene extractive test.
Additionally, holocellulose is a necessary preparatory stage in order to determine the
The expert interviews served as a complement to the information from the literature review and the
questionnaire, about the overview and application of financing mechanisms. In general, the
interviews focused on identifying types and examples of innovative financing mechanisms.
In the last two decades, the discovery of signaling roles of ROS demonstrated their
universal use in biological systems. The third section of this book, entitled “Reactive
Species as Signaling Molecules” contains the chapters covering clear ROS-based signaling
in yeasts and plants. It is not strange that many authors provide readers with the
information gained from yeasts. This is a very popular classic eukaryotic model system to
disclose molecular mechanisms of cellular responses to oxidative stress (Lushchak, 2010).
In the first chapter of this book section, M. A.
Romans held Greek civilization in high regard and,
like us, considered fifth-century-BC Greece to be the
region’s golden age, a time characterized by refined
artistic and cultural production, scholarship, and
military strength. During his reign five hundred
years later, Augustus sought to align his rule with
this era and promote a rebirth of the golden age
of Greece in Rome. Augustus’s interest in Greek
art and culture strengthened Roman reverence
for classical Greek art, philosophy, and intellectual
The diversity of coverage experiences seems to indicate that there is no type of service that is per
se more or better “insurable” by public or private coverage. There are nonetheless some trends towards
greater reliance on public or subsidised private coverage for individuals facing higher health care cost,
such as the elderly and those with chronic conditions, even where PHI plays a significant or primary role.
For developing an appropriate strategy for combating tuberculosis in the country, it is necessary to obtain a precise estimate of the disease in the community. The process of estimating it for as large and diverse a country as India is not only difficult, but is also expensive and time consuming.
The question of time sequencing of benefits is about whether benefits should be paid at a
fixed rate over the spell of unemployment or decline (or increase) over the spell. This issue
appeared in the literature on optimal UI in the late 1970s and has attracted new attention in
Issues regarding monitoring and sanctions concern how much resources
should be spent on checking search behavior and how sanctions, such as benefit cuts, should
be implemented if prescribed search requirements are not met.
Attaining and preserving the rights of HIV-positive women and adolescent girls will help en-
sure that SRH services are of the appropriate range and quality and that they are accessible
to all who need them.
The Modular Wetlands device to be tested is located in a non typical situation. Unlike a storm event
that typically contains higher concentration during the first 2 hours our site has a fairly consistent
flow of wash water that is estimated to be consistent through out the day. For this reason,
composite samples were taken over a two hour period. The intent of the sampling was to establish a
composite pollutant sample. This was done by dividing all of the containers and bottles to be filled
for testing into ten equal parts. The grab sample was taken...
Time and Manner of Providing Acknowledgment –
You must obtain the written acknowledgment on or
before the earlier of the date you file your return for the
year you donated the vehicle, or the due date, including
extensions, for filing the return. A charity can provide
you with a paper copy of the acknowledgment, or it can
provide the acknowledgment electronically, such as via an
email addressed to you. Do not attach the acknowledg
ment to your income tax return; instead, retain it with
your records to substantiate your donation. ...
In finance and healthcare, event processing systems handle
sensitive data on behalf of many clients. Guaranteeing
information security in such systems is challenging
because of their strict performance requirements in terms
of high event throughput and low processing latency.
We describe DEFCON, an event processing system
that enforces constraints on event flows between event
processing units. DEFCON uses a combination of static
and runtime techniques for achieving light-weight isolation
of event flows, while supporting efficient sharing of
The fact that critical elements of the shared infrastructure needed to effect a large-scale
transition from print to electronic research collections were owned and managed by the
library community itself gave library directors confidence that the timing and outcomes of
this transition could be managed according to the needs of the academic community and not
dictated by the business objectives of commercial providers.
The Climate Bonds Initiative argues for green bond issuance at investment grade ratings, consistent
with risk/return profiles with existing asset allocation requirements, rather than suggesting a premium (or
penalty) rate for the bonds. They propose that governments and IFIs step in to enhance fixed income
offerings tied to climate change solutions to ensure investment grade is achieved.