Overweight children

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  • Experts agree that attempts to prevent childhood obesity and its health consequences, such as type 2 diabetes, must shift the focus from treating overweight children to addressing health disparities among children of varying socio-economic status. and mitigating the social and environmental factors that contribute to the declining health of children overall. The nation’s health care costs for treating diabetes are $92 billion.

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  • At the start of the 21st century, the learning potential of significant numbers of children and young people in every country in the world is compromised. Hunger, malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, parasite infections, drug and alcohol abuse, violence and injury, early and unintended pregnancy, and infection with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections threaten the health and lives of children and youth (UNESCO, 2001). Yet these conditions and behaviours can be improved.

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  • (BQ) Childhood obesity has become a very common condition and can often lead to serious physical and emotional complications as the child grows up. If you are the parent, caregiver, or loved one of a child who is battling obesity, 100 Questions & Answers About Your Child’s Obesity can offer help. This book is an authoritative and user-friendly guide that will enhance your knowledge of this condition and answer your questions about causes, diagnosis, treatment options, and the prognosis for children with obesity.

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  • It is my fondest hope that this Second Edition of The Portable Pediatrician winds up tattered and torn, splattered with coffee stains, down on the floor beside (or under; I’m not fussy) your bed. That’s where the First Edition often wound up—as many readers tell me—and I’m honored. After all, if you’re a pediatrician who’s portable, that’s where you belong: where the action is, and when the action is, which is often at night.

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  • Childhood obesity is a global epidemic and rising trends in overweight and obesity are apparent in both developed and developing countries. Available estimates for the period between the 1980s and 1990s show the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children increased by a magnitude of two to five times in developed countries (e.g. from 11% to over 30% in boys in Canada), and up to almost four times in developing countries (e.g. from 4% to 14% in Brazil).

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 75. Evaluation and Management of Obesity Evaluation and Management of Obesity: Introduction Over 66% of U.S. adults are currently categorized as overweight or obese, and the prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly throughout most of the industrialized world. Based on statistics from the World Health Organization, overweight and obesity may soon replace more traditional public health concerns such as undernutrition and infectious diseases as the most significant contributors to ill health.

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  • Overweight and obesity in the United States among adults and children has increased significantly over the last two decades. Those following typical American eating and activity patterns are likely to be consuming diets in excess of their energy requirements. However, caloric intake is only one side of the energy balance equation. Caloric expenditure needs to be in balance with caloric intake to maintain body weight and must exceed caloric intake to achieve weight loss (see tables 3 and 4).

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  • Nationally, estimates for the rate of overweight among children aged 4 to 12 is 10 percentage points higher for African-American and Latino children (22 percent) than for white children (12 percent) (Strauss, et al., 2001). Between the early 1960s and the late 1980s, while the rates of obesity tripled for black girls, they doubled for white girls (Kimm, et al., 2001). As nationally, there are disparities in childhood overweight among certain ethnic groups in California, African-American and Latino teens are at higher risk of overweight than white teens (Ritchie, et al., 2001).

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  • The current nutritional and health profiles of the Mexican population reflect notable failures in the field of social policies. Protein-energy malnutrition and infectious diseases are still relevant public health matters among poor rural and urban populations, and they remain common causes of death during infancy and childhood, and even later in life.

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  • The more we learn about nutrition and exercise, the more we recognize their importance in everyday life. Children need a healthy diet for normal growth and development, and Americans of all ages may reduce their risk of chronic disease by adopting a nutritious diet and engaging in regular physical activity. However, putting this knowledge into practice is difficult. More than 90 million Americans are affected by chronic diseases and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being.

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  • We are in trouble. The health of our country is being compromised due to a lifestyle of overeating and sedentary habits. Never before in our history has the health of so many individuals been put at risk due to the lethal combination of an inactive lifestyle and poor nutrition. It is now apparent that for the first time in U.S. history, our children will lead a shorter, lower quality of life than their parents. The reason? We now live in what health practitioners call an “obesity epidemic.

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  • The problem of overweight affects more than 1 in 7 youth ages 6 to 17 (Flegal, et al., 2002; Ogden, et al., 2002). A number of factors contribute to this rising rate of childhood overweight; however, scientists and medical professionals agree that poor diet and lack of physical activity play some of the most important roles in children being overweight (Berkey, et al., 2000; Rowlands, et al., 1999). Sub-optimal levels of physical activity and poor ...

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  • Over 66% of U.S. adults are currently categorized as overweight or obese, and the prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly throughout most of the industrialized world. Based on statistics from the World Health Organization, overweight and obesity may soon replace more traditional public health concerns such as undernutrition and infectious diseases as the most significant contributors to ill health. Children and adolescents are also becoming more obese, indicating that the current trends will accelerate over time.

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  • A budget should include all projected expenses associated with a project, from refreshments at focus group discussions (FGDs) to staff salaries. When your project is complete, you can fill in actual budget costs and compare them with your projected figures for future planning. Figure 2 shows a sample budget for print, radio, and video materials. While not an exhaustive list, this sample includes the major expenses you might encounter in a typical materials development project.

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  • Good nutrition is vital to good health and is absolutely essential for the healthy growth and development of  children and adolescents. Major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States are related to poor diet and  a sedentary lifestyle. Specific diseases and conditions linked to poor diet include cardiovascular disease, hyper­ tension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity, osteoporosis, constipation, diverticular disease, iron deficiency anemia, oral disease, malnutrition, and some cancers.

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  • Obesity in America, and indeed in the world, is reaching epidemic proportions. At this writing, more than 65 percent of American adults and nearly one-quarter of our children are overweight or obese. Data from the surgeon general’s office have linked more than four hundred thousand premature deaths annually to the direct health effects of obesity (second only to smoking)—and the numbers continue to climb.

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  • The GDG noted that there was little new evidence to warrant any change to previous views in this field. The major consensus-based recommendations from the UK and USA emphasise sensible practical implementation of nutritional advice for people with Type 2 diabetes. Other relevant NICE guidance should be considered where relevant, including clinical guideline no. 43 on the assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children and clinical guideline no. 48 which gives dietary and lifestyle advice post-MI. Overlap with the NICE/RCP Type 1 diabetes guideline was noted.

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  • Resource use was routinely collected as part of the study. Non-inpatient resource use data was collected using a questionnaire distributed between January 1996 and September 1997. The incremental costs reported in the analysis have the study protocol driven costs removed. These were replaced with a pattern of clinic visits reflecting general practitioner and specialist clinical opinion on the implementation of intensive policy. Where a patient was still alive at the end of the follow-up, a simulation model was used to estimate the time from end of follow-up to death.

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  • Malnutrition in all its forms either directly or indirectly is responsible for approximately half of all deaths worldwide. This applies to perinatal and infectious diseases as well as chronic diseases. Malnutrition accounts for 11% of the global burden of disease, leading to long-term poor health and disability and poor educational and developmental outcomes. Worldwide, by 2010 it was found that about 104 million children under five years of age were underweight and 171 million stunted.

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