Xem 1-20 trên 81 kết quả Oxides materials
  • Composite materials often demand a unique combination of properties, including high thermal and oxidative stability, toughness, solvent resistance and low dielectric constant. This book, "Thermoplastic - Composite Materials", is comprised of seven excellent chapters, written for all specialized scientists and engineers dealing with characterization, thermal, mechanical and technical properties, rheological, morphological and microstructure properties and processing design of composite materials.

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  • In order to meet the increasing demand for valve-regulated lead–acid ŽVRLA. batteries, a new soft lead has been produced by Pasminco Metals. In this material, bismuth is increased to a level that produces a significant improvement in battery cycle life. By contrast, other common impurities, such as arsenic, cobalt, chromium, nickel, antimony and tellurium, that are known to be harmful to VRLA batteries are controlled to very low levels. A bismuth ŽBi.-bearing oxide has been manufactured ŽBarton-pot method. ...

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  • The current book consists of eighteen chapters divided into three sections. Section I includes nine topics in characterization techniques and evaluation of advanced ceramics dealing with newly developed photothermal, ultrasonic and ion spattering techniques, the neutron irradiation and the properties of ceramics, the existence of a polytypic multi-structured boron carbide, the oxygen isotope exchange between gases and nanoscale oxides and the evaluation of perovskite structures ceramics for sensors and ultrasonic applications....

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  • This is the first volume of Advances in Nanoporous Materials, a new book series devoted to the science and application of all kinds of nanoporous solids. Its intention is to publish comprehensive reviews of lasting value in the field of nanoporous materials written by renowned experts. Its scope covers all aspects of nanoporous solids, including their preparation and structure, their post-synthetic modification, methods for their characterization as well as their application in catalysis and adsorption/separation....

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  • For many years, the plates of leadracid batteries have been produced from leady oxide, a mixture of finely divided lead Ž‘free-lead’. and lead monoxide. Although this material is generally satisfactory, it suffers from the disadvantages that it is variable in composition and requires complicated and lengthy processing after pasting to remove the residual free-lead. Plates made from leady oxide also require cycling before they achieve their full performance, and this can result in either depressed initial capacity or additional processing cost. ...

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  • Now neutron diffraction is widely applied for the research of crystal, magnetic structure and internal stress of crystalline materials of various classes, including nanocrystalls. In the present book, we make practically short excursion to modern state of neutron diffraction researches of crystal materials of various classes.

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  • The definition for dielectric constant relates to the permittivity of the material (symbol use here ε). The permittivity expresses the ability of a material to polarise in response to an applied field. It is the ratio of the permittivity of the dielectric to the permittivity of a vacuum. Physically it means the greater the polarisation developed by a material in an applied field of given strength, the greater the dielectric constant will be. Traditionally dielectric materials are made from inorganic substances eg. mica and silicon dioxide.

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  • Almost 4000 years ago Egyptians and Babylonians used aluminum compounds in various chemicals and medicines. Herodotus mentioned alum in the fifth century b.c. and Pliny referred to “alumen,” now known as alum, as a mordant to fix dyes to textiles around 80 a.d. In 1754 Marggraf showed that a distinct compound existed in both alum and clays. In 1761 the French chemist Guyton de Morveau proposed the name “alumine” for the base in alum, identified in 1787 by Antoine Lavosier as the oxide of a then-undiscovered element.

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  • Fe-SBA-15 and Fe-SBA-16 ordered mesoporous materials were synthesized via hydrothermal treatment by in situ incorporating Fe(III) oxalate complex species into framework of SBA-15 and SBA-16. The prepared samples were characterized by different techniques such as XRD, BET, UV- Vis and TEM. The obtained results showed that both Fe-SBA-15 and Fe-SBA-16 samples have an ordered mesoporous structure. The hexagonal symmetry of Fe-SBA-15 and cubic ones of Fe-SBA- 16 were not affected by incorporation of Fe into SBA-15 and SBA-16 frameworks.

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  • Nanocrystals have been attracting much attention for future science and technology. Chapters are sought that address innovative solutions to the design, synthesis, crystallization, morphology control, self-assembly, nano/micro-structure formation, patterning, novel property and device application of Nanocrystals. The book involves Nanocrystals of metal oxides, semiconductors, compounds, noble metals, metals, inorganic materials, carbon materials, organic molecules, polymers, bio materials, hybrid materials, composites, etc....

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  • The beginning student in Organic Chemistry is often overwhelmed by facts, concepts, and new language. Each year, textbooks of Organic Chemistry grow in quantity of subject matter and in level of sophistication. This Schaum’s Outline was undertaken to give a clear view of first-year Organic Chemistry through the careful detailed solution of illustrative problems. Such problems make up over 80% of the book, the remainder being a concise presentation of the material. Our goal is for students to learn by thinking and solving problems rather than by merely being told....

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  • This book collects some new progresses on research of graphene from theoretical and experimental aspects in a variety of topics, such as graphene nanoribbons, graphene quantum dots, and graphene-based resistive switching memory. The authors of each chapter give a unique insight about the specific intense research area of graphene. This book is suitable for graduate students and researchers with background in physics, chemistry, and materials as reference.

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  • This is the first book of a series of forthcoming publications on this field by this publisher. The reader can enjoy both a classical printed version on demand for a small charge, as well as the online version free for download. Your citation decides about the acceptance, distribution, and impact of this piece of knowledge. Please enjoy reading and may this book help promote the progress in ceramic development for better life on earth.

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  • The heat transfer and analysis on heat pipe and exchanger, and thermal stress are significant issues in a design of wide range of industrial processes and devices. This book introduces advanced processes and modeling of heat transfer, gas flow, oxidation, and of heat pipe and exchanger to the international community. It includes 17 advanced and revised contributions, and it covers mainly (1) thermodynamic effects and thermal stress, (2) heat pipe and exchanger, (3) gas flow and oxidation, and (4) heat analysis....

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  • Electrochemistry, long-time corner stone for fundamental chemistry and physics, now plays an important role in many areas of applied science and technology. A very broad range of applications of electrochemical principles and technologies is found in materials science. Electrochemical deposition of metals and alloys, formation of oxide films and semi-conductors, corrosion and corrosion protection, new polymer materials that can switch between metallic conductivity and semi-conducting properties, and new applications in fast-evolving nanotechnologies are just some of the examples....

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  • According to American Society for Testing and Materials' corrosion glossary, corrosion is defined as "the chemical or electrochemical reaction between a material, usually a metal, and its environment that produces a deterioration of the material and its properties".1 Other definitions include Fontana's description that corrosion is the extractive metallurgy in reverse,2 which is expected since metals thermodynamically are less stable in their elemental forms than in their compound forms as ores.

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  • Anthropogenic air pollution constitutes of many substances. Greenhouse gases absorb and reflect some of the infrared parts of solar radiation reflected from the earth surface thus causing the troposphere to be warmer. Among others, these substances are carbone-dioxide, water vapour, hydrogen oxides, nitrogen-oxides and methane. Beyond causing warming, most of these gases are poisonous to the Earth’s biosphere. Besides greenhouse gases, there are a few more poisonous substances which have anthropogenic sources.

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  • Superconductivity was discovered 1911 by Kamerlingh Onnes. During the last century, the history of superconductivity has been full of theoretical challenges and practical developments. In 1986, the discovery of Bednorz and Müller of an oxide superconductor with critical temperature (Tc) approximately equal to 35 K, has given a novel impetus to this fascinating subject. Since this discovery, there are a great number of laboratories all over the world involved in research of superconductors with high Tc values, the so-called “high-Tc superconductors”....

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  • ‘Metallically’ conducting polymers show good intrinsic conductivity, at least in the charged state. The specific capacitance values, potential ranges, long-term stabilities, and cycle lives of supercapacitors based on polymers are rather moderate, compared to the cycle lives of those based on carbon and metal oxide materials.

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  • The history of superconductivity is full of theoretical challenges and practical developments. Superconductivity was discovered in 1911 by Kamerlingh Onnes. About 75 years after this breakthrough, in 1986, it has been synthesized by Bednorz and Müller, an oxide superconductor with critical temperature (Tc) approximately equal to 35 K.

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