Xem 1-20 trên 54 kết quả Paid health
  • Women’s health is inextricably linked to the context in which they live their lives. Only within the past few decades have researchers and clinicians acknowledged the importance of women’s lived experiences for their well-being. The feminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s prompted critical analysis of women’s health and its relationship to society, and of women’s health care options.

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  • Despite these factors, children’s mental health has so far been paid insufficient attention in schools. Teachers are uniquely placed to influence the mental health of children and young people. As well as being in a position to recognise the symptoms of mental health difficulties at an early stage, they can enhance the social and emotional development of children and foster their mental well-being through their daily responses to pupils.

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  • During the last few decades inordinate attention has been paid to the promotion of ‘healthy’ living. This has come from governmental, academic, commercial and popular sources. Few people today can be unaware of the espoused merits of such a lifestyle. Anyone who has visited a supermarket recently, turned on the television, listened to the radio or read a magazine must have noticed that awareness of health issues is growing. Health is clearly a topical issue at both political and cultural levels....

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  • In an effort to modernize Medicare insurance, the Federal government has allowed private insurers who meet strict requirements to sell private insurance to the elderly, as a substitute for 'traditional' Medicare insurance. There are many forms of private insurance now being sold to the elderly, including some managed care plan types. Managed care plans restrict the choice of physicians and hospitals to include a set selected by the insurance plan, over whom the plan has more control in terms of utilization and expenditures.

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  • Hajo Zeeb reported having received remuneration from employment and con- sultancy for a commercial entity or other organization with an interest related to the subject of air pollution. He also reported having received research support from a commercial entity or other organization with an interest related to the subject of the meeting. He confirmed having held an office or other position, paid or unpaid, where he may have been expected to represent interests or de- fend a position related to the subject air pollution.

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  • Kifmann and Scheuer Health Economics Review 2011, 1:14 http://www.healtheconomicsreview.com/content/1/1/14 RESEARCH Open Access Balance billing: the patients’ perspective Mathias Kifmann1* and Florian Scheuer2 Abstract We study the effects of ‘balance billing’, i.e., allowing physicians to charge a fee from patients in addition to the fee paid by Medicare. First, we show that on pure efficiency grounds the optimal Medicare fee under balance billing is zero. An active Medicare policy thus can only be justified when distributional concerns are accounted for.

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  • These types of policies give rise to an annual charge as well as to the other charges that arise on a gain. In general, a Personal Portfolio Bond (PPB) is a life insurance policy where the benefits payable are determined by the value of certain property chosen directly or indirectly by the policyholder , rather than investment funds generally available to other policyholders. The charge will arise if the policy is a PPB at the end of the insurance year . You are treated as having made a gain of an amount equal to 15 per cent of premiums paid, with the premiums paid being treated...

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  • The loss of the family wage earner can be devastating, both emotionally and financially. Social Security helps by providing income for the families of workers who die. In fact, 98 of every 100 children could get benefits if a working parent dies. And Social Security pays more benefits to children than any other federal program. This booklet gives you an overview of Social Security survivors benefits paid to the spouse and children of a worker who dies. This booklet is not intended to answer all the questions you may have.

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  • If you have been divorced, your former wife or husband who is age 60 or older (50-59 if disabled) can get benefits if your marriage lasted at least 10 years. Your former spouse, however, does not have to meet the age or length- of-marriage rule if he or she is caring for his/her child who is younger than age 16 or who is disabled and also entitled based on your work. The child must be your former spouse’s natural or legally adopted child. Benefits paid to you as a surviving divorced spouse who meets the age or disability requirement as a widow...

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  • Vincent Cogliano reported holding stocks, bonds, stock options or other securi- ties in a commercial entity with an interest related to air pollution. He also re- ported having held office or position, paid or unpaid, where he may have been expected to represent interests or defend a position related to the subject of air pollution. David Eastmond reported having received research support from a commercial entity or other organization with an interest related to the subject of air pollution.

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  • Most markets have preciously few advertising and promotion dollars and therefore need to seek the biggest bang for their bucks. Even if your market is blessed with a large ad budget, you will want to spend it effectively. The following general principles of marketing can be helpful in guiding your market in getting the most from your money. 80/20 rule Keep the 80/20 rule in mind: 80% of your business comes from 20% of your customers. (Koch, 1998).

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  • A long-term care insurance scheme, similar in nature to other social insurance systems in Germany (pension, employment and health insurance), was introduced by the German Parliament in 1994. 2 All employees earning less than the social security earnings ceiling (Pflichtversicherungsgrenze) for the German social insurance system (3,937.50 euros per month in 2006) are members of this system.

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  • Nine out of ten non-elderly Americans with private health insurance receive it through their employer. 2 People generally understand how job-based coverage works, because it is the most common form of coverage. Employer coverage is subsidized, and nearly all employers pay at least half of the premium. On average, employers pay 83 percent of the cost of single coverage and 73 percent of the cost of family coverage. 3 Therefore, employees have a strong incentive to sign up for employer coverage, regardless of their health or financial status.

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  • Rising health premiums are exacerbating income inequality and making coverage too costly for many Americans. The Kaiser Family Foundation found that employer-sponsored health insurance premiums have more than doubled in the last nine years, a rate four times faster than wage increases.38 A study by McKinsey Global Institute of widening income gaps among U.S.

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  • In addition, Kaiser CDSMP participants had 0.2 fewer visits to the emergency room and 0.97 fewer hospital days compared to the year prior to completing the CDSMP. As a result, they reduced their health care costs. For example, if the average cost per day of hospitalization were $1,000 and the average cost of an emergency room visit were $100, the potential savings would be $990 per participant for the first year following completion of the program (0.97 days of hospitalization multiplied by $1,000 plus 0.2 emergency visits multiplied by $100).

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  • The core of this chapter is a discussion of EITC-related behavioral issues and research. Section 3.3 provides EITC program statistics. As would be expected with a program that has more than tripled in size (in real dollars) in the 1990s, a considerable amount of attention has been paid to the EITC in recent years. In section 3.4, we outline the conceptual underpinnings of much of this recent work and discuss EITC participation and compliance, its effects on labor force participation and hours of work, marriage and fer- tility, skill formation, and consumption.

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  • To receive the earned income credit, taxpayers file their regular tax re- turn and fill out the six-line Schedule EIC that gathers information about qualifying children. The EITC is refundable, meaning that it is paid out by the Treasury regardless of whether the taxpayer has any federal income tax liability. There are several basic tests for EITC eligibility. The taxpayer must have both earned and adjusted gross income below a threshold that varies by year and by family size. Most EITC payments go to taxpayers with at least one “qualifying child.

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  • Rogene Henderson reported having been employed by and having given consul- tation to a commercial entity or other organization with an interest related to the subject of air pollution. She also reported having provided expert opinion or testimony related to the subject of air pollution for a commercial entity or other organization, as well has having held an office or other position, paid or unpaid, where she may have been expected to represent interests or defend a position related to the subject of air pollution.

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  • We have combined several types of data for this analysis. Our main data contains automobile transactions from a sample of 15-20% of all dealerships in the U.S. from September 1, 1999 to June 30, 2008. The data were collected by a major market research rm, and include every new car and used car transaction within the time period for the dealers in the sample.

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  • Notwithstanding the fact that the policy rate is near its zero lower bound, the Federal Reserve retains a number of tools and strategies for providing additional stimulus. I will focus here on three that have been part of recent staff analyses and discussion at FOMC meetings: (1) conducting additional purchases of longer-term securities, (2) modifying the Committee’s communication, and (3) reducing the interest paid on excess reserves. I will also comment on a fourth strategy, proposed by several economists--namely, that the FOMC increase its inflation goals. ...

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