Creating institutions to meet the challenge of sustainability is arguably the most important task confronting society; it is also dauntingly complex. Ecological, economic, and social elements all play a role, but despite ongoing efforts, researchers have yet to succeed in integrating the various disciplines in a way that gives adequate representation to the insights of each.Panarchy, a term devised to describe evolving hierarchical systems with multiple interrelated elements, offers an important new framework for understanding and resolving this dilemma.
This is probably the first study that has used resilience, the adaptive cycle and
panarchy as a major part of the conceptual foundation for the work. Resilience
(as used here) has been explored in the literature for about 30 years, the
adaptive cycle originated about 18 years ago and both have been integrated
within the panarchy concept for only a few years.
This course covers geologic and engineering concepts, methodology, and technology used to characterize, evaluate and manage naturally-fractured reservoirs. Applications and limitations of geologic and engineering procedures and tools are discussed. Field examples and case studies demonstrate the importance of integrated geologic and engineering studies in developing effective, economical reservoir management strategies for different types of reservoirs.