The fields of cosmology and particle astrophysics (sometimes collectively
named astroparticle physics) are currently experiencing an era which will
most probably be remembered as ‘the golden age’. The developments during
the last few years have been truly astonishing, and the planning and building
of new detectors, telescopes and other experimental facilities will guarantee
an interesting decade to follow.
The principal charge to the Committee on Elementary Particle Physics in the
21st Century was to recommend priorities for the U.S. particle physics
program for the next 15 years. Described in the Executive Summary and
more fully presented in the Overview, the committee’s considered response is laid
out in detail in the main text of this report, which begins by discussing the scientific
challenges in particle physics and conveying the current status of the U.S.
program and then presents the committee’s consensus on the best way to sustain a
competitive and globally relevant U.S.
The Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings is a series of high-level proceedings volumes covering a broad range of subjects in Astrophysics, Astronomy, Cosmology, and Space Science. The contributors are distinguished specialists with international reputations in their fields of expertise. The subjects are placed in the broader context of related disciplines such as Engineering, Computer Science, Environmental Science, and Nuclear and Particle Physics.
The inner magnetosphere is an important region of space plasma because it is one of
the “kitchens” for space weather effects. The scientific understanding of this region
is important for predicting the interaction between space environmental conditions
and human activities.
The inner magnetospheric plasma is a unique composition of different plasma
particles and waves. It covers a huge plasma energy range with spatial and time
variations of many orders of magnitude.
This report provides a long-term assessment of and outlook for nuclear physics. The first
phase of the report articulates the scientific rationale and objectives of the field, while the second
phase provides a global context for the field and its long-term priorities and proposes a
framework for progress through 2020 and beyond. The full statement of task for the committee is
in Appendix A.
This report originated in 1999 as a result of discussions between the Committee on
Solar and Space Physics (CSSP) and officials within NASA’s Office of Space Science Sun-
Earth Connections program. As noted in the statement of task (Appendix A), the objective
of the study was to provide a scientific assessment and strategy for the study of
magnetized plasmas in the solar system. By emphasizing the connections between
locally occurring (solar system) structures and processes and their astrophysical counterparts,
the study would contribute to a unified view of cosmic plasma behavior.
This textbook is intended as an introduction to the physics of solar and stellar
coronae, emphasizing kinetic plasma processes. It is addressed to observational
astronomers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates without a background
in plasma physics.
Coronal physics is today a vast field with many different aims and goals. Sorting
out the really important aspects of an observed phenomenon and using the
physics best suited for the case is a formidable problem.
Because of their apparent “simplicity” simple atoms present a great challenge
and temptation to experts in various branches of physics from fundamental problems
of particle physics to astrophysics, applied physics and metrology. This
book is based on the presentations at the International Conference on Precision
Physics of Simple Atomic Systems (PSAS 2002) whose primary target was to
provide an effective exchange between physicists from different fields.
Dust is a ubiquitous feature of the cosmos, impinging directly or indirectly on
most fields of modern astronomy. Dust grains composed of small (submicronsized)
solid particles pervade interstellar space in the Milky Way and other
galaxies: they occur in a wide variety of astrophysical environments, ranging from
comets to giant molecular clouds, from circumstellar shells to galactic nuclei.
The study of this phenomenon is a highly active and topical area of current