Particle transport

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  • Sediment transport is a book that covers a wide variety of subject matters. It combines the personal and professional experience of the authors on solid particles transport and related problems, whose expertise is focused in aqueous systems and in laboratory flumes. This includes a series of chapters on hydrodynamics and their relationship with sediment transport and morphological development.

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  • This book evolved from the first term of a two-term course on the physics of charged particle acceleration that I taught at the University of New Mexico and at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The first term covered conventional accelerators in the single particle limit. The second term covered collective effects in charged particle beams, including high current transport and instabilities. The material was selected to make the course accessible to graduate students in physics and electrical engineering with no previous background in accelerator theory.

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  • Analysis and abatement of air pollution involve a variety of technical disciplines. Formation of the most prevalent pollutants occurs during the combustion process, a tightly coupled system involving fluid flow, mass and energy transport, and chemical kinetics. Its complexity is exemplified by the fact that, in many respects, the simplest hydrocarbon combustion, the methane-oxygen flame, has been quantitatively modeled only within the last several years.

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  • The book "Wind Tunnels and Experimental Fluid Dynamics Research" is comprised of 33 chapters divided in five sections. The first 12 chapters discuss wind tunnel facilities and experiments in incompressible flow, while the next seven chapters deal with building dynamics, flow control and fluid mechanics. Third section of the book is dedicated to chapters discussing aerodynamic field measurements and real full scale analysis (chapters 20-22).

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  • Marine Sediments are:Particles of various sizes derived from a variety of sources that are deposited on the ocean floor.A vast “library” recording geologic, oceanographic and climatic conditions Remarkably complete compared to land Effects of water velocity on transport: rivers and nearshore vs open ocean...

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  • Requires improvements in the whole column: – Sub 2 μm particles Porous for optimum mass transfer New bridged hybrid particle required for pressure tolerance (up to 15000 psi) Sizing technology for narrow particle size distribution – Column hardware New frit technology to retain particles New end fittings for high pressure/low dispersion operation – Packing technology New column packing processes to optimize stability

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  • The chemical properties of organics of health concern – hydrophobic and not water soluble - results in a low bioavailability to plants. Plant growth is dependent on the water solubility of nutrients and minerals and water is the transporting vector. Organics with a low water solubility will therefore not be taken up by plants. The presence of organic environmental pollutants, like dioxins and PCBs in agricultural crops is more the result of atmospheric deposition than direct absorption from contaminated soil.

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  • This textbook is intended as an introduction to the physics of solar and stellar coronae, emphasizing kinetic plasma processes. It is addressed to observational astronomers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates without a background in plasma physics. Coronal physics is today a vast field with many different aims and goals. Sorting out the really important aspects of an observed phenomenon and using the physics best suited for the case is a formidable problem.

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  • Sự xói mòn là quá trình tách ra và chuyển các hạt đất do các tác nhân xói mòn (erosion is the process of detachment and transport of soil particles by erosive agents, Ellison, 1944) Xói mòn là quá trình địa chất tự nhiên Xói mòn do gió Xói mòn do nước Sự di chuyển do canh tác (tillage translocation)

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  • The life cycle of the retrovirus consist of several steps. It begins with the binding of the viral envelope to cellular receptors, which enables fusion of the viral envelope with the cellular membrane. Consequently, the viral particle is uncoated, liberating the viral core into the cell cytoplasm. The viral DNA is reverse transcribed to DNA. Then, the viral DNA is transported to the nucleus where it is integrated into the host cell’s genome. From there, viral DNA is transcribed to RNA, some of which is translated to proteins.

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  • With the amazing advances of scientific research, Hydrodynamics - Theory and Application presents the engineering applications of hydrodynamics from many countries around the world. A wide range of topics are covered in this book, including the theoretical, experimental, and numerical investigations on various subjects related to hydrodynamic problems. The book consists of twelve chapters, each of which is edited separately and deals with a specific topic. The book is intended to be a useful reference to the readers who are working in this field....

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  • Humidity is one of the main causes of decay in buildings, particularly rising damp, caused by the migration of moisture from the ground through the materials of the walls and floors via capillary action. This water comes from groundwater and surface water. The height that moisture will reach through capillary action depends upon factors such as the quantity of water in contact with the particular part of the building, surface evaporation conditions, wall thickness, building orientation and the presence of salts....

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  • Airborne suspended particulate matter can be of primary origin, i.e. emitted directly into the atmosphere or of secondary origin, i.e. formed in the atmosphere from gaseous species by either homogeneous or heterogeneous chemical reactions. Due to these different emission sources, particles have different chemical composition and size distributions. Depending on their size, particles have a different potential to be transported over either long or short distances [1]. Primary particles can be produced from either natural or anthropogenic sources.

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  • Electrophoresis is defined as the transport of electrically charged particles in a direct current electric field. Electrophoretic separation is based on differential rates of migration in the bulk of the liquid phase and is not concerned with reactions occurring at the electrodes. In the early days, electrophoresis was carried out either in free solution or in the supporting media such as paper, cellulose acetate, starch, agarose, and polyacry lamide gel.

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  • Breathing polluted air is unhealthy. For example, you might find it more difficult to breathe, you might cough or your chest might feel tight. Two main types of air pollution are ozone pollution and particle pollution. The ozone we breathe at ground level is bad. But very high in the atmosphere (the stratosphere) is a natural layer of ozone that is good because it helps protect us from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. A rhyme that can help you remember this is “Ozone: Good up high, bad nearby.

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  • There are other bizarre and unkind ramifications. For example, the transport of POPs depends on temperature; in a process known as the "grasshopper effect", these chemicals jump around the globe, evaporating in warm places, riding the wind and particles of dust, settling to Earth in cool spots, and then vaporizing and moving on again. As the POPs move away from the equator they encounter cooler climates with less evaporation. The result is a general drift of these pollutants toward the Poles and mountain areas.

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  • Particulate emissions from road transport arise as direct emissions from vehicle exhausts, tyre and brake wear and resuspension of road dust. In urban areas, emissions from road transport are thought to be the major source of PM10. In general, diesel engine vehicles emit a greater mass of fine particulate matter, per vehicle, than petrol engines. Diesel emissions are mainly composed of soot particles, volatile hydrocarbons and some sulphate from the fuel sulphur.

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  • The Swiss work was based on a provisional national PM10 emission inventory. It was first disaggregated to a km2 grid. Dispersion functions for primary PM10 emission were defined in an empirical dispersion model which was used to calculate the concentration of primary PM10. The contribution of secondary particles was modelled by using simple relationships between precursor and particle concentration. The long-range transported fraction was taken from European scale models. The PM10 fractions were then summed to create the PM10 map.

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  • Smog is another secondary pollutant. This term was developed to describe a substance that is a hybrid of smoke and fog. The SOx aerosols are one source of smog formation. As discussed earlier, sulfuric acid droplets, or sulfuric acid absorbed on the surface of soot and fly ash particles, can attract moisture from the air to form what is often referred to as conventional or ‘classical’ smog.

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  • The plasma lipoproteins are divided into five major classes based on their relative density. - Each lipoprotein class comprises a family of particles that vary slightly in + Density + Size + Migration during electrophoresis + And protein composition. - Most plasma triglyceride is transported in chylomicrons or VLDLs, and most plasma cholesterol is carried as cholesteryl esters in LDLs and HDLs. II.

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