This textbook is intended as an introduction to the physics of solar and stellar
coronae, emphasizing kinetic plasma processes. It is addressed to observational
astronomers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates without a background
in plasma physics.
Coronal physics is today a vast field with many different aims and goals. Sorting
out the really important aspects of an observed phenomenon and using the
physics best suited for the case is a formidable problem.
Introduction to Space Sciences and Spacecraft Applications explains the fundamentals of design, application, and operation of space-based systems. It focuses on the most common uses of spacecraft today: communications, remote sensing, and navigation. You will learn about the basic systems required by most spacecraft and the methodology used to design a spacecraft. The complexities of orbital mechanics are also fully explained. Amply illustrated with diagrams and photographs, each chapter contains exercises, historical information, and additional reference materials.
The thought of mucus disturbs many people. Mucus is beneficial as the first
defense of the airways. The mucus lining traps inhaled particles and allows them
to be cleared from the airway by cilia and cough. The mucus layer also prevents
dehydration and desiccation of the airway surface and provides a nutrient milieu
for the ciliated epithelium. Mucus can also be quite bad. Airway mucus retention
due to hypersecretion or poor mucus clearance is a characteristic of many airway
diseases including cystic fibrosis, chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, and asthma.
Compressor valves can become distorted and fractured if liquid refrigerant
is allowed to enter the cylinder; this is known as liquid slugging. For this
reason service cylinders should never be inverted during the low side charging
of a system.
Valve seats and reeds can become pitted if metal filings or small particles
of grit are allowed to enter pipework during installation or repairs. They may
circulate with the refrigerant and become trapped between the reeds and valve
seats when compression takes place.