Read the following passage and then do the exercises on it. In answers to questions, use
a relative clause.
Lucy was shaking the mat out of the window of the flat. Tom happened to be passing underneath. Suddenly Lucy's baby gave a cry and she dropped the mat. It fell on Tom and knocked his hat off. ...
We take a multi-pass approach to machine translation decoding when using synchronous context-free grammars as the translation model and n-gram language models: the ﬁrst pass uses a bigram language model, and the resulting parse forest is used in the second pass to guide search with a trigram language model. The trigram pass closes most of the performance gap between a bigram decoder and a much slower trigram decoder, but takes time that is insigniﬁcant in comparison to the bigram pass.
This grammar formalism, a high degree of modularity between syntax and semantics. There is a syntax rule compiler (compiling into Prolog) which takes care of the building of analysis structures and the interface to a clearly separated semantic interpretation component dealing with scoping and the construction of logical forms. The whole system can work in either a one-pass mode or a two-pass mode. [n the one-pass mode, logical forms are built directly during parsing through interleaved calls to semantics, added automatically by the rule compiler. ...
He is perhaps able to decipher an English text with tolerable accuracy; he is more or less able to translate into classical English the conventional sentences which form the “exercises” contained in his “English Course”; the range of his vocabulary and the extent of his knowledge of classical grammar are such as have enabled him to gain sufficient marks to pass some examination. He may even have paid some attention to the “conversational” side, and have satisfied his teacher as to his capacities for giving oral answers to the set questions contained in his text-book.
Are you having trouble with reading comprehension questions on tests? Do you want to know how
to improve your reading ability or pass placement tests in school or work? If so, then this book is
for you. Read on to ﬁnd out why.
Maybe you already like to read and want to use this book to sharpen your skills for an important test. If so,
that’s ﬁne. In fact, you can skip this part of the Introduction—or skip the Introduction entirely—and go straight
to the questions.
Most states have, or are developing, tests to assess their students’ proficiency in state frameworks of curriculum. Many of these states are including students with limited English proficiency in this assessment process, but a significant number of LEP students have difficulty passing these standardized tests. In this website, Longman is pleased to provide additional practice for LEP students by offering sample standardized reading tests for grades 1 to 8. The reading tests provided here are a combination of multiple choice, short-answer, and long-answer questions.
will too often students approach a test question by writing down everything they know about general topics.
They assume that they will receive credit for some information that is not enough to get one.
grade or pass an exam You also important to make sure that you have met the requirements
The market is essay-level developmental writing, often referred to as the "bridge" course (to freshman composition). At the developmental level, the bridge course (and texts for it) apes freshman composition but includes more basic grammar review than the typical comp course. The course may or may not include a research paper, but focuses nonetheless on writing essays.
I. Read the following passage taken from Microsoft Encarta 2009, and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 1 to 10. Schools in the United States have not always had a large number of libraries. As (1)______ as 1958 about half of the public schools in the United States had no libraries at all. The (2)______ of public school libraries increased dramatically when the federal government passed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, (3)______ provided funds for school districts to improve their...
This module begins an in-depth discussion of the function. Functions are the building blocks of C++, and
a firm understanding of them is fundamental to becoming a successful C++ programmer. Here, you will
learn how to create a function. You will also learn about passing arguments, returning values, local and
global variables, function prototypes, and recursion.
Mark has spent three hours playing a computer game. He's been sitting there for three hours.
It was two o'clock when Mark started the game. He's been playing since two o'clock.
Three hours have passed since Mark and Sarah got up from the lunch table. They finished their lunch three hours ago.
B For and since with the present perfect
We often use for and since with the present perfect to talk about something continuing up to the present.
We use for to say how long something has continued. I've been waiting for forty minutes. We've known about it for two days. Melanie...
One student begins the story. Then he or she passes the paper on to another
student, who then writes a sentence or two and passes the paper on — until everyone in the
class has had a chance to write part of the story, or until the story has an ending. This
story can then be reproduced for the class to revise and correct together- The class may
want to "publish' the final product on the Internet or in a small booklet.
A∗ parsing makes 1-best search efﬁcient by suppressing unlikely 1-best items. Existing kbest extraction methods can efﬁciently search for top derivations, but only after an exhaustive 1-best pass. We present a uniﬁed algorithm for k-best A∗ parsing which preserves the efﬁciency of k-best extraction while giving the speed-ups of A∗ methods. Our algorithm produces optimal k-best parses under the same conditions required for optimality in a 1-best A∗ parser.
Overgeneration is the main source of computational complexity in previous principle-based parsers. This paper presents a message passing algorithm for principle-based parsing that avoids the overgeneration problem. This algorithm has been implemented in C + + and successfully tested with example sentences from (van Riemsdijk and Williams, 1986). 1.