Pathophysiologic mechanisms

Xem 1-20 trên 49 kết quả Pathophysiologic mechanisms
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: HIV-associated adipose redistribution syndrome (HARS): etiology and pathophysiological mechanisms...

    pdf7p toshiba21 18-11-2011 16 1   Download

  • Antidepressant Medications The tricyclic antidepressants [amitriptyline, imipramine, nortriptyline, desipramine (TCAs; Table 12-1)] are extremely useful for the management of patients with chronic pain. Although developed for the treatment of depression, the tricyclics have a spectrum of dose-related biologic activities that include the production of analgesia in a variety of clinical conditions. Although the mechanism is unknown, the analgesic effect of TCAs has a more rapid onset and occurs at a lower dose than is typically required for the treatment of depression.

    pdf5p ongxaemnumber1 26-11-2010 37 5   Download

  • Central Mechanisms The Spinal Cord and Referred Pain The axons of primary afferent nociceptors enter the spinal cord via the dorsal root. They terminate in the dorsal horn of the spinal gray matter (Fig. 12-3). The terminals of primary afferent axons contact spinal neurons that transmit the pain signal to brain sites involved in pain perception. When primary afferents are activated by noxious stimuli, they release neurotransmitters from their terminals that excite the spinal cord neurons. The major neurotransmitter they release is glutamate, which rapidly excites dorsal horn neurons.

    pdf5p ongxaemnumber1 26-11-2010 47 5   Download

  • Obesity is associated with a high prevalence of erectile dysfunction; how-ever, the pathophysiological link between obesity and erectile dysfunction remains poorly understood. In this minireview, we have attempted to eval-uate the existing literature pertaining to obesity and erectile dysfunction to determine whether a common pathophysiological link exists.

    pdf13p viettel02 20-02-2013 11 1   Download

  • After completing this unit, you should be able to: Describe the normal characteristics of the cellular environment and the key homeostatic mechanisms that strive to maintain an optimal fluid and electrolyte balance; outline pathophysiological alterations in water and electrolyte balance and list their effects on body functions; describe the treatment of patients with particular fluid or electrolyte imbalances.

    pdf115p tangtuy06 01-04-2016 5 1   Download

  • Diabetes mellitus and its complications are clinical conditions of growing importance both from the clinical as well as epidemiological standpoint. The relevance of diabetes at clinical and individual level is given by its lifethreatening acute complications and, especially, by its chronic complications affecting several organs and systems, with increased risk for ocular, renal, cardiac, cerebral, nervous and peripheral vascular diseases.

    pdf264p ozon_ozon 03-05-2012 48 14   Download

  • Osteoporosis and fractures may increase due to hypoestrogenism in menopause and cytochrome P450 inducing AEDs. Recent studies suggest lower bone mineral density (BMD) in adults and children with epilepsy, irrespective of AED treatment. Both idiopathic epilepsy and symptomatic epilepsy are associated with reduced BMD, with the greatest reduction in symptomatic generalized epilepsy (Sheth & Hermann, 2008). However, the pathophysiological underlying mechanisms are far from understood and likely multifactorial.

    pdf480p ti_du_hoang 15-08-2012 42 11   Download

  • Autoimmune disease represents a group of more than 60 different chronic autoimmune diseases that affect approximately 6% of the population. It is the third major category of illness in the United States and many industrialized countries, following heart disease and cancer. Autoimmune diseases arise when one’s immune system actively targets and destroys self tissue resulting in clinical disease. Common examples include Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Type 1 Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Multiple Sclerosis.

    pdf401p maket1311 16-10-2012 52 6   Download

  • The primary role of tendon is to transmit the force of its associated muscle to bone. As such, the tendon needs to be relatively stiff and strong under tension. Herzog (2007) have stated that mechanical properties, such as fiber-bundle organization of the tendon allow for the maintenance of high tensile strength, with considerable flexibility in bending, in the same way that a wire rope maintains high tensile strength and flexibility as compared to an equal cross-section of solid steel (e.g., Alexander (1988a); Alexander (1988b) and Wainwright et al. (1982)).

    pdf236p wqwqwqwqwq 21-07-2012 34 4   Download

  • As the international community moves toward a more robust recognition of both the human rights of disabled persons and the reproductive rights of women, the intersection comprising the right of disabled women to reproductive freedom must be given full atten- tion. This briefing paper proposes a human rights framework for considering the repro- ductive rights of women with disabilities, taking into consideration international human rights laws and instruments and global consensus documents.

    pdf13p ut_hai_can 25-12-2012 29 4   Download

  • Considerable recent detail is provided on cytokines and signalling mechanisms which translate immune events into cellular pathology including prostaglandins (Andrey Sorokin), endoplasmic reticulum (Reiko Inagi), mTOR receptors (Lena Succar et al.), STAT3 signalling pathways (Fumio Tsuji et al.), TGF-ß (Hyun Soon Lee) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Maki Urushihara et al.). Animal models (Elena Goiman et al., Chia-Chao Wu et al., María Ángeles Jiménez et al.) and end results such as urinary biomarkers (Sophie Ohlsson) are updated as well....

    pdf240p kmkmkmkmkm 08-09-2012 36 3   Download

  • Develop an essential understanding of the principles of equine disease with this one-of-a-kind, problem-based resource! Extensively revised and updated with contributions from an international team of experts, Equine Internal Medicine, 3rd Edition reflects the latest clinical research in equine medicine and focuses on the basic pathophysiologic mechanisms that underlie the development of various equine diseases to help you confidently diagnose, treat, and manage patient conditions.

    pdf0p hyperion75 21-01-2013 32 3   Download

  • The human body as a mechanism is far from perfect. It can be beaten or surpassed at almost every point by some product of the machine-shop or some animal. It does almost nothing perfectly or with absolute precision. As Huxley most unexpectedly remarked a score of years ago, "If a manufacturer of optical instruments were to hand us for laboratory use an instrument so full of defects and imperfections as the human eye, we should promptly decline to accept it and return it to him. But," as he went on to say, "while the eye is inaccurate as a microscope, imperfect as a telescope, crude...

    pdf172p hotmoingay8 30-01-2013 19 3   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học 'Respiratory Research cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: "Oxygen-sensing mechanisms and the regulation of redox-responsive transcription factors in development and pathophysiology...

    pdf27p toshiba13 22-10-2011 36 3   Download

  • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common disease of the central nervous system, affecting young women in particular. This disease can devastate the professional and social life of those affected. There has been a recent explosion in knowledge about how to diagnose MS and understand its pathophysiological mechanisms as well as provide efficacious treatment. The third edition of the Handbook of Multiple Sclerosis has documented the impressive and dramatic advances that have occurred. In particular, the immunopathology of the disease is now well established.

    pdf702p maket1311 16-10-2012 25 2   Download

  • When searching the history of antiphospholipid antibodies one must meet cornerstone in Graham Hughes’s descriptions of antiphospholipid syndrome in his “Prosser-White Oration” to the British Society of Dermatology in 1983 (Hughes GRV; 1984). The main points of his lecture can be found in different publications (Hughes GRV; 1984, Hughes GRV; 1999, Khamastha MA; 2000) and they are still truthful although they have been expressed almost thirty years ago.

    pdf241p thienbinh1311 13-12-2012 21 2   Download

  • Sleep-related breathing disorders have been recognized and described by astute clinicians for millennia. The past several decades have witnessed intensive and accelerating investigation into the epidemiology, genetics, pathophysiology, and clinical as well as behavioral consequences of sleeprelated breathing disorders. The Lung Biology in Health and Disease series has played an important role in consolidating the accumulating knowledge in this area and in providing a focused view of the state of the art.

    pdf404p crius75 04-01-2013 21 2   Download

  • Disorders of Vascular Tone or Blood Volume Disorders of vascular tone or blood volume that can cause syncope include the reflex syncopes and a number of conditions resulting in orthostatic intolerance. The reflex syncopes—including neurocardiogenic syncope, situational syncope, and carotid sinus hypersensitivity—share common autonomic nervous system pathophysiologic mechanisms: a cardioinhibitory component (e.g., bradycardia due to increased vagal activity), a vasodepressor component (e.g., inappropriate vasodilatation due to sympathetic withdrawal), or both.

    pdf5p ongxaemnumber1 29-11-2010 32 2   Download

  • The book Renal Failure – The Facts consists of some facts about diagnosis, etiopathogenis and treatment of acute and chronic renal failure. Acute, as well as chronic renal failure is great medical problems and their treatment is a burden for the budget of each government. Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously termed acute renal failure, is a frequent clinical condition in critically ill patients especially, in intensive care units (ICU). Its incidence varies from 1-7 % of all hospitalized patients to 30-50 % of patients in ICU.

    pdf280p bachduong1311 10-12-2012 10 1   Download

  • Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) have been established as physiological regulators of lipid synthesis. The molecular mechanisms by which cellular sterol balance and nutritional states regulate SREBP acti-vities are the current research focus of this field.

    pdf6p vinaphone15 27-02-2013 9 1   Download

CHỦ ĐỀ BẠN MUỐN TÌM

Đồng bộ tài khoản