Since 1997, ophthalmic nursing and ophthalmic care practices have moved
on in leaps and bounds.
There have been several reasons for this including the government targets
to bring down hospital waiting times, new approaches to patient management
with a move away from inpatient care to mainly day case management
and primary care settings. Ophthalmic nursing has been transformed by the
involvement of others in ophthalmic nursing care such as clinical support
workers, assistant practitioners and surgical care assistants.
The American health care system is challenged on many fronts. Every day,
there are reports of medical errors and patient safety concerns. The nation
struggles to provide care for the 15% of the population without health insurance.
Costs continue to grow two to three times faster than the cost of living.
Consumers leave their costly and risky encounters with less and less satisfaction
that they have received the value they feel they deserve and desire.
Critical care nursing is a complex, challenging area of nursing
practice, where clinical expertise is developed over time
by integrating critical care knowledge, clinical skills, and
caring practices. Finding a textbook that comprehensively
yet succinctly presents essential information about how best
to safely and competently care for critically ill patients and
their families is a challenge for those charged with the education
of new critical care practitioners.
Most providers treasure their ability to care for patients. The joy derived from the provider–patient relationship remains intact despite additional individuals (e.g., employers, insurers, benefit managers, billing and collection specialists, utilization reviewers, etc.) and regulations interposed by the current evolution of health care. Additionally, providers appear to be accommodating to longer-term alterations that materially affect overall patient– provider relationships. One feature of the changing relationship is increasing patient autonomy.
Integrating reproductive health, family planning and STI/HIV prevention and treatment services is
critical for achieving universal access. Integration requires that health care workers can provide
an appropriate comprehensive package of services under one roof, and refer patients to other
services if required. Linking STI/HIV with SRH services improves access to HIV/STI services for
women who might otherwise not visit them because of issues of stigma .
This second edition of the Encyclopedia of Nursing Research (ENR), like the first, is a
comprehensive, yet concise and authoritative guide to existing nursing research literature. It
charts the course of nursing research since 1983 when the first edition of the Annual Review
of Nursing Research (ARNR) was published.
The original edition of ENR, published in 1998, grew from a long-standing commitment
of the publisher, Dr. Ursula Springer, to the field of nursing, and my commitment to nurse
scholars around the globe.
This comprehensive text explores the philosophy that all nurses are leaders who use creative decision making, entrepreneurship, and life-long learning to create a work environment that is efficient, cost-effective, and committed to quality care. Broad and comprehensive coverage encompasses leadership and management theories and processes by synthesizing information from nursing, health care, general administration and management, and leadership literature.
This e-text version of the classic text "Humanistic Nursing" is made available with the kind permission of the
authors and copyright holders, Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad. The book was originally written to
define the Humanistic Nursing Theory which presented a way for each nurse to become-more as a person and
to extend that becoming-more to the community of nurses in which he or she practices. The offering of this
book in the "free" e-text format reiterates the continuing contribution of these two nurses long after their
retirement from practice.
Aprofession is characterized by skill based on a unique body of knowledge, a
code of ethics, and a social contract with society or government that grants it a
certain degree of autonomy in exchange for self-regulation. The responsibilities
of self-regulation in the medical profession are complex and involve many
levels of oversight aimed at guaranteeing the continuing competence of
practicing physicians. Today, professional associations in the United States play
a significant role in upholding the ethical, educational, scientific, and practice
standards of the medical profession.
This effort is the culmination of my lifelong attraction to medical terminology - that
which continues to be a source of fulfillment for me. Throughout, I have been impacted by
the enhanced efficiency and clarity which is inherent in medical nomenclature.
How do nurses view charting? Too often, it is the last load of the shift, in which haste and
other demands cloud a precise recall of details.
In official statistics, it is not always easy to distinguish independently owned companies. If, for example,
employment data is collected at the establishment level then it is likely that these statistics will include
a significant proportion of units owned by larger firms. Yet, from a policy viewpoint the characteristics of the
owner-managed independent business are substantially different from those of the small subsidiary firm
of a large organisation. Such characteristics radically affect SME responses to policy initiatives.
The skill and care of the women of the Allied military nursing services was remembered gratefully by hundreds of thousands of wounded servicemen of World War II (1939-1945). The small peacetime services increased rapidly by enrolling reservists and volunteers; the great majority of the nurses who cared for Allied casualties were 'civilians in uniform', who worked tirelessly under difficult conditions and - in tented hospitals close to the front lines - in real danger; many nurses paid for their devotion with their lives.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has the ability to reverse premature death. It can also prolong terminal illness, increase discomfort and consume enormous resources. Despite the desire to respect patient autonomy, there are many reasons why withholding CPR may be complicated in the perioperative setting. This review outlines these factors in order to offer
The Bangalore district tuberculosis programme
(the programme assessed).
The Bangalore District has an area of 7798
square kilometers and had a population of about
1.3 million according to the census of 1961
(excluding the metropolitan area). The District
has 13 towns and 2477 villages. The DTP was
implemented in 1963, not by the staff of the DTC
(as happens in other districts) but by trainees of
two courses held in 1963 at the National
Tuberculosis Institute (NTI) Bangalore. In all, 15
microscopy centres were organised in general
health institutions of the District.