With this edition of Biomedical Ethics Reviews we commence
a somewhat new focus for the series. Building on its solid
tradition of exploring and debating pressing bioethical issues of
the day, this series will now also examine the real-life implications
of these issues for patients and the health care system in
which care is delivered. With each topic, attention will be focused
not only on the theoretical and policy aspects of ethical
dilemmas, but also on the clinical dimensions of these challenges,
and effects on the patient–physician relationship....
Sputum examination is a key diagnostic procedure
for patients suspected of having pulmonary TB,
including those for whom bronchoscopy is planned.1,2
In addition, early identification of persons with TB
remains the most effective way of preventing TB
transmission. However, some patients are unable to
produce sputum for examination. In such cases,
sputum induction by aerosol inhalation and/or
gastric aspiration has been preferred.
The self-reported barriers vary significantly across regions as well as by individual
characteristics. Among adults without a formal account, those in Sub-Saharan
Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean are the most likely to cite missing
documentation as a reason for not having one. Those in Europe and Central Asia
have the least trust in banks. Women tend to report using someone else’s account
significantly more than do men, highlighting the challenges that women may
encounter in account ownership.
Government policies are therefore needed to support the commercialisation of new technologies
(R&D tax credits; accelerated depreciation; investment incentives; government support for venture capital
funds; and output-stage support such as feed-in tariffs etc.) and to correct market failures through carbon
pricing). To create this type of „investment grade‟ policy, such support needs to be „loud‟ (big enough to
impact the bottom line), „long‟ (for a sustained period) and „legal‟ (with regulatory frameworks clearly
Barriers to low-carbon investment may be financial, structural or technical. Financial barriers include
fossil fuel subsidies, and the unpriced carbon externality. These discourage local businesses, project
developers, vendors, technology providers from offering low carbon solutions to the market, and hamper
institutional and market financing mechanisms enabling such businesses to grow.
Socioeconomic status, poverty, and race have been found
to be correlated with ACSC rates [8-10]. Several studies
have examined the associations between ACSCs and
demographics using small areas of analysis (typically ZIP
code) and have found that ACSCs are higher in lowincome
areas and areas with higher concentrations of
racial and ethnic minorities [11,12]. The elderly population
has not been studied much in this context, because
they are thought to be relatively well-insured.
The apparel and footwear industries are highly competitive and fragmented due to low barriers of entry. It is
fairly easy for new companies to enter into the apparel and footwear industry, however most companies lack staying
power mostly because resources are undercapitalized or there is a “lack of broad-based global sourcing” (Wagle).
Most small companies who have entered the apparel and footwear market do not have the technology and systems
infrastructure used by major retailers.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Training community resource center and clinic personnel to prompt patients in listing questions for doctors: Follow-up interviews about barriers and facilitators to the implementation of consultation planning
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Experiences and barriers to Health-Related Quality of Life following liver transplantation: a qualitative analysis of the perspectives of pediatric patients and their parents
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học đề tài : Experiences and barriers to Health-Related Quality of Life following liver transplantation: a qualitative analysis of the perspectives of pediatric patients and their parents
A qualitative focus group study with a total of 37 general
practitioners (GPs) was conducted. To reflect the German
speaking and the French speaking part of Switzerland, the
focus groups were conducted in both areas. Of the five fo-
cus group interviews, three were conducted in Zurich with
GPs working in and around Zurich. Two focus group inter-
views were conducted in Geneva with GPs working in and
around Geneva. All focus groups were composed of six to
nine GPs. GPs were recruited by sending a letter to a ran-
dom sample of GPs from an existing address database.
Despite significant accomplishments to date, kidney transplantation is a relatively young field in medicine. Due to the armamentarium of agents available to effectively suppress the immune system, the past decade has seen a shift in focus from prevention of rejection to a focus on extending the life of the allograft and novel strategies to increase the organ donor pool. This book covers basic concepts in kidney transplantation while also addressing ways to manage kidney transplant recipients in order to maximize patient and graft survival.
This study investigates the hypothesis that shifts in women’s relative income, which
affects their bargaining power in the household, have discernible effects on household saving,
and by extension on aggregate saving due to differing saving propensities by gender. An
analytical framework for pooled and non-pooled savings households is developed to examine
why women and men’s saving propensities may differ and how a change in women’s wage
earnings relative to men’s influences household savings which constitutes a significant
component of gross domestic saving.
The Global Initiative on Transport Emissions (GITE) was created as a partnership between
the United Nations and the World Bank to help the international community meet some of the
above needs. The GITE projects and programmes are being developed in three clusters of
activities. The Partnership for Vehicle and Fuel Technology Modernization (PVFTM) is intended
to create a structured forum to investigate the reasons that more appropriate technologies are not
used in particular regions, and what can be done to overcome the barriers to their use.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Barriers and facilitators to evidence based care of type 2 diabetes patients: experiences of general practitioners participating to a quality improvement program
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Barriers and facilitators to evidence based care of type 2 diabetes patients: experiences of general practitioners participating to a quality improvement program
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:
Multiple barriers against successful care provision for depressed patients in general internal medicine in a Japanese rural hospital: a cross-sectional study
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Barriers towards insulin therapy in type 2 diabetic patients: results of an observational longitudinal study