Pelvic floor

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  • Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and urinary and fecal incontinence are frequently referred to as pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) because the pelvic floor is considered to be the combined denominator in these complaints.

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  • A distinction is to be made between the terms 'efficacy' and 'effectiveness'. Efficacy is defined as "the probability of benefit to individuals in a defined population from a medical technology applied for a given medical problem under ideal conditions of use". By contrast, effectiveness is considered to have all the attributes of efficacy but to reflect "performance under ordinary conditions by the average practitioner for the typical patient" [12].

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  • The pelvic floor consists of muscles and connective tissue. In the past, the components’ relative contribution to the structural support of the pelvic floor and its functions has been a subject of controversy (Corton 2009). With increasing age women can develop vaginal and pelvic organ prolapse as well as symptoms such as stress urinary incontinence, voiding dysfunction, urgency and frequency and nocturia, and may also develop fecal incontinence, obstructive defecation and pelvic pain (Petros 2010).

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  • There is, for instance, his Untitled of 1964 that also has the colloquial title of ‘Swimming Pool’. This sculpture is of a square configuration resting on the floor. Consistent with its square configuration it has straight sides, but the corners do not intersect at right angles, instead they are round. Inevitably this gives rise to the contrast between straight and round, as in the sides and corners respectively.

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  • The function of the pelvic floor is fundamentally influenced by the behaviour of several organs and the organ-linked processes. The aim of this work is to study the properties and changes of the women’s pelvic floor. The motive arises from the fact that pelvic floor dysfunctions badly influence the quality of life. The loss of the proper function in the pelvic floor results in a wide range of problems from asymptomatic and anatomic defects to vaginal eversion.

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  • abase v. To lower in position, estimation, or the like; degrade. abbess n. The lady superior of a nunnery. abbey n. The group of buildings which collectively form the dwelling-place of a society of monks or nuns. abbot n. The superior of a community of monks. abdicate v. To give up (royal power or the like). abdomen n. In mammals, the visceral cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvic floor; the belly. abdominal n. Of, pertaining to, or situated on the abdomen. abduction n. A carrying away of a person against his will,...

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  • A national infrastructure council should also be tasked with collecting and dis- seminating best practices pertaining to project selection, preventative mainte- nance, and construction cost reduction. It would also promote the use of common objective measures to evaluate the progress of ongoing and completed infrastruc- ture projects. The council would work to identify opportunities for innovation and help develop new mechanisms for leveraging private investment.

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  • The stomach is located in the epigastrium and the main physiological function of stomach is reservoir of food and drink, then food and drink are fermenting and grinding by action of the stomach so disturbance of these functions of the stomach will cause poor appetite, capacity for only small amount of food, and pain in the epigastric region. Of course, only in cooperation with the spleen's function digesting and transforming food and drink can be performed successfully by the stomach's function of receiving, to receive, digest and transform the food and drink.

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  • Trachoma has an impact on the entire family, but the mother’s blinding trachoma appears to have the greatest impact on the daughter. The girl-child may have to take on household responsibilities to the detriment of her education when the mother is blind. A daughter’s dowry may be undervalued if it is perceived that her disabled family members will need care in the coming years. The balance of the household may be upset in numerous ways, potentially leading to eventual impoverishment. Changes in work routine reverberate within the family by causing further displacement.

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  • Since the early 1970s, a quiet revolution – microfinance – has been sweeping the globe. Poverty can now, in part, be redefined as a lack of access to reliable, affordable financial services that enables people to build economic security and improve their lives. Microfinance, which has evolved in an array of formats, from regulated banks to Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSlAs), has made life better for millions, first through access to credit, but increasingly through savings, insurance and pension schemes as well.

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  • Urinary incontinence is a condition that affects a significant proportion of the population. The prevalence increases with age and there is a female preponderance. With the advent of more aggressive management strategies for prostate cancer, there is an increase in the proportion of men struggling with incontinence as well. Incontinence has social, physical, psychological and economic implications for the individual as well as society as a whole.

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  • In many studies morphology of pelvic floor muscles has been explained with only few limited reference to muscle action. There is no doubt that the pelvic floor muscles and ligaments have immense importance for stress incontinence, micturition and anorectal functions. It was P. Petros who explained the directional muscle forces (Petros and Ulmsten 1993, Petros and Ulmsten 1997) and their significant role in pelvic floor dysfunctions.

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  • The uterosacral ligaments arise from the sacral vertebrate S2,3,4 and attach to the cervical ring posteriorly. It is an effective insertion point of the downward muscle force, the longitudinal muscle of the anus (LMA). The rectovaginal fascia extends as a sheet between the lateral rectal pillars, from the perineal body below to the levator plate above. It is attached to the uterosacral ligaments (USL) and the fascia surrounding the cervix. The perineal body lies between the distal third of the posterior vaginal wall and the anus below the pelvic floor. It is 3-4 cm long.

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  • Essence (Jing) is a fundamental material of the human body and the material basis for various physiological functions of the human body. The congenital essence is received from one's parents, and is stored in the kidney; it is also known as "the prenatal essence", serving to promote the growth, development maturity, and reproduction of the body, thus the congenital essence is also called the "reproductive essence. The acquired essence is derived through the functions of the Zang-Fu organs from the nutritive substance of food and drink to nourish the body.

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  • Characterization of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture (AnGR) involves three types of information: phenotypic, genetic and historical. The weight given to each depends on the country (e.g. whether it is developed or developing) and the objective (e.g. improve- ment, conservation or breed differentiation). These guidelines focus on the collection and use of phenotypic information.

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  • In food matrices, bioactivity of polyphenols like all dietary antioxidants in the human body, depends firstly on their bioaccessibility (i.e. the release from the food matrix) and bioavailability (i.e. absorbable fraction that can be used for specific physiological functions in organs). Polyphenols of comparatively high bioavailability include isoflavonids (absorption cover 50%, Bohn, 2010), while e.g. anthocyanins are of very low bioavailability, usually ca. 1.7% (Sakakibara et al., 2009). The prerequisite for bioavailability of any compound is its bioaccessibility in the gut.

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  • During the twelve month period ending June 30, 2010, the Regulatory Helpline received 1,461 inquiries related to SAR requirements, or about 18 percent of all inquiries received. This was an 11 percent decrease in the number of SAR inquiries compared with the previous twelve month period ending June 20, 2009. The most noticeable decrease in SAR inquiries was related to “assistance with the SAR form,” which decreased by 137 inquiries (22 percent).

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  • In this paper, we consider the extent to which these quality of life issues are supported by governmental action in Canada and four comparison nations. The information relevant to these issues comes primarily from two types of data sources: indicator analyses from international reports and intensive and detailed policy analyses of two policy issues of particular importance to women: childcare provision and gov- ernmental support for community-based long-term care. Canadian data are contrasted with those from Den- mark, Sweden, the UK, and the US.

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  • The analysis is primary based on the national American Housing Survey (AHS) data for the period 1995 through 2003. In some cases, the research was extended to include the national level AHS data for 1985 onwards. One of the challenges to this effort is how to define elderly housing consumption. As will be discussed in the literature summary below, there are a number of standard assumptions but several of these will merit a brief discussion prior to our highlighting the different research.

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  • Air pollution is a leading environmental threat to the health of urban populations overall and specifically to New York City residents. Clean air laws and regulations have improved the air quality in New York and most other large cities, but several pollutants in the city’s air are at levels that are harmful. This report provides estimates of the toll of air pollution on the health of New Yorkers. It focuses on 2 common air pollutants—fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3).

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