From the very beginning of the transition from the traditional purchasing system reviews to the
redesigned assessment approach that replaced them, it was understood that further refinement
and continuous improvement was planned. Consistent with that long-term strategy, and building
on the originally redesigned federal purchasing assessments, the business system assessment
models of the PEAmembers have evolved to be more aligned with the Balanced Scorecard
(BSC) approach to performance measurement and management, which is currently in use by
many “world class” private corporations.
Performance has been an important issue with Java™ since the first version hit the Web years ago.
Making those first interpreted programs run fast enough was a huge challenge for many developers.
Since then, Java performance has improved enormously, and any Java program can now be made to
run fast enough provided you avoid the main performance pitfalls.
This book provides all the details a developer needs to performance-tune any type of Java program.
Advances in sensor technology are revolutionizing the way remotely sensed data are
collected, managed, and analyzed. The incorporation of latest-generation sensors to
airborne and satellite platforms is currently producing a nearly continual stream of
high-dimensional data, and this explosion in the amount of collected information
has rapidly created new processing challenges.
The primary business rationale for offshoring has been to reduce IT operating and
infrastructure costs. The cost savings from offshore outsourcing increase with the percentage
of total development effort outsourced and the percentage of work performed offshore. They
are maximized when the entire development is outsourced and all the work is performed
This book is about the structure and function of computers. Its purpose is to present, as
clearly and completely as possible, the nature and characteristics of modern-day computer
This task is challenging for several reasons. First, there is a tremendous variety of products
that can rightly claim the name of computer, from single-chip microprocessors costing a
few dollars to supercomputers costing tens of millions of dollars. Variety is exhibited not
only in cost, but also in size, performance, and application....
Essential oils (also called volatile oils) generally extracted by
distillation from plants are hydrophobic liquids containing
volatile aromatic compounds. The essential oils are widely
used in perfumes, cosmetics as well as in food and drink as
flavor additives. Some essential oils show multiple pharmacological
activities and have been considered as the major active
fractions of herbal medicines [1–3].
Natural language generation (NLG) systems are notoriously hard to evaluate. On the one hand, simply comparing system outputs to a gold standard is not appropriate because there can be multiple generated outputs that are equally good, and ﬁnding metrics that account for this variability and produce results consistent with human judgments and task performance measures is difﬁcult (Belz and Gatt, 2008; Stent et al., 2005; Foster, 2008). On the other hand, lab-based evaluations with human subjects to assess each aspect of the system’s functionality are expensive and time-consuming. ...
The importance of the new textual genres such as blogs or forum entries is growing in parallel with the evolution of the Social Web. This paper presents two corpora of blog posts in English and in Spanish, annotated according to the EmotiBlog annotation scheme. Furthermore, we created 20 factual and opinionated questions for each language and also the Gold Standard for their answers in the corpus. The purpose of our work is to study the challenges involved in a mixed fact and opinion question answering setting by comparing the performance of two Question Answering (QA) systems as far as...
We address the task of automatically predicting if summarization system performance will be good or bad based on features derived directly from either single- or multi-document inputs. Our labelled corpus for the task is composed of data from large scale evaluations completed over the span of several years. The variation of data between years allows for a comprehensive analysis of the robustness of features, but poses a challenge for building a combined corpus which can be used for training and testing.
More effective management of human
resources (HR) increasingly is being
seen as positively affecting performance
in organizations, both large and
A joint venture between General
Electric and a Japanese company, GE
Fanuc is a manufacturer of factory
automation and control products.
Headquartered in Virginia with 1,500
employees, the HR department primarily
performed administrative support
CRM strategy (Customer Relationship Management) is a business philosophy, stemming from Relationship Marketing that joins strategy and technology, with the aim of creating value for both customers and the company. In this paper we justify the interest of establishing a formal system to measure CRM performance. In order to do that, we first focus on the role of marketing performance measurement throughout the time. Then, we compare different frameworks and metrics used to measure performance in the CRM era.
The relationship between political democracy and economic growth has been a center of debate in the past fifty years. A corpus of cross-country research has shown that the theoretical divide on the impact of democratic versus authoritarian regimes on growth is matched by ambiguous empirical results, resulting in a consensus of an inconclusive relationship. Through this paper we challenge this consensus.
This book is about the structure and function of computers. Its purpose is to present, as
clearly and completely as possible, the nature and characteristics of modern-day computers.
This task is a challenging one for two reasons.
First, there is a tremendous variety of products, from single-chip microcomputers
costing a few dollars to supercomputers costing tens of millions of dollars, that can
rightly claim the name computer.Variety is exhibited not only in cost, but also in size,
performance, and application.
There are many distinct pleasures associated with computer programming. Craftsmanship
has its quiet rewards, the satisfaction that comes from building a useful object and
making it work. Excitement arrives with the flash of insight that cracks a previously
intractable problem. The spiritual quest for elegance can turn the hacker into an artist.
There are pleasures in parsimony, in squeezing the last drop of performance out of clever
algorithms and tight coding.
After we have set out the objectives for an investment, considered the challenges to reaching them, developed a strategy with the optimal chance of meeting our goals, allocated assets to asset classes and managers, and purchased the securities to build our portfolios, the next step is to check the results. Investment performance measurement is the quantification of the results achieved by an investment program. This book describes and demonstrates the techniques we use to measure investment performance....
Fuzzy control is a practical alternative for a variety of challenging control applications
since it provides a convenient method for constructing nonlinear controllers
via the use of heuristic information. Such heuristic information may come from
an operator who has acted as a “human-in-the-loop” controller for a process. In
the fuzzy control design methodology, we ask this operator to write down a set of
rules on how to control the process, then we incorporate these into a fuzzy controller
that emulates the decision-making process of the human.
Financial market infrastructures (FMIs) that facilitate the clearing, settlement, and
recording of monetary and other financial transactions can strengthen the markets they serve
and play a critical role in fostering financial stability. However, if not properly managed, they
can pose significant risks to the financial system and be a potential source of contagion,
particularly in periods of market stress. Although FMIs performed well during the recent
financial crisis, events highlighted important lessons for effective risk management.
Your data center is a critical resource within the enterprise, and the decisions you make in
regards to infrastructure have implications now and in the future.
To allow you to fully assess and document the physical aspects of your data center, and
gain insight into how it can be optimized, ADC has created this Planning Guide for
For many years, most computer architects have pursued one primary goal: performance. Architects have translated the ever-increasing abundance of ever-faster transistors provided by Moore's law into remarkable increases in performance. Recently, however, the bounty provided by Moore's law has been accompanied by several challenges that have arisen as devices have become smaller, including a decrease in dependability due to physical faults. In this book, we focus on the dependability challenge and the fault tolerance solutions that architects are developing to overcome it.