Peripheral nervous system

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  • In this chapter, you will learn to: Define peripheral nervous system and list its components; classify general sensory receptors by structure, stimulus detected, and body location; outline the events that lead to sensation and perception; describe receptor and generator potentials and sensory adaptation; describe the main aspects of sensory perception.

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  • Chapter 13 - The peripheral nervous system and reflex activity (part b). This chapter define ganglion and indicate the general body location of ganglia, describe the general structure of a nerve, follow the process of nerve regeneration, name the 12 pairs of cranial nerves, indicate the body region and structures innervated by each.

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  • The peripheral nervous system and reflex activity (part c) provides knowledge of spinal nerves. The goal is for you to learn: Describe the formation of a spinal nerve and the general distribution of its rami; define plexus, name the major plexuses and describe the distribution and function of the peripheral nerves arising from each plexus.

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  • This small atlas is a guide to the examination of patients with lesions of the peripheral nerves and nerve roots. Both motor and sensory testing are illustrated by extremely clear colour photographs.

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  • Chapter 14 provides knowledge of the autonomic nervous system. In this chapter, you will learn to: Define autonomic nervous system and explain its relationship to the peripheral nervous system; compare the somatic and autonomic nervous systems relative to effectors, efferent pathways, and neurotransmitters released; compare and contrast the functions of the parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions;...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Peripheral nervous system manifestations in a Sandhoff disease mouse model: nerve conduction, myelin structure, lipid analysis

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  • Chapter 13 (part d) provides knowledge of motor endings and motor activity. In this chapter, students will be able to compare and contrast the motor endings of somatic and autonomic nerve fibers, outline the three levels of the motor hierarchy, compare the roles of the cerebellum and basal nuclei in controlling motor activity.

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  • The brain and spinal cord compose the Central Nervous System (CNS), which is the control center of the body. Inputs from muscles, involuntary organs, and senses travel through the nerves of the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) into the CNS where they are interpreted. Signals may travel within the brain to separate functional areas. Instructions are then sent outward again for voluntary movement and involuntary regulation to complete the endless loop of the nervous system circuitry.

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  • Chapter 49 introduce to nervous systems. After completing this unit, you should be able to compare and contrast the nervous systems of: hydra, sea star, planarian, nematode, clam, squid, and vertebrate. Distinguish between the following pairs of terms: central nervous system, peripheral nervous system; white matter, gray matter; bipolar disorder and major depression. List the types of glia and their functions, compare the three divisions of the autonomic nervous system.

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  • Clinical neurophysiology encompasses the application of a wide variety of electrophysiologic methods to the analysis and recording of normal function, as well as to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system and muscles. The steady increase in growth of subspecialty knowledge and skill in neurology has led to the need for a compilation of the whole range of physiologic methods applied in each of the major categories of neurologic disease.

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  • Theo nghĩa sinh học, mạng nơ-ron là một tập hợp các dây thần kinh kết nối với nhau. Ngày nay, thuật ngữ này còn dùng để chỉ mạng nơ-ron nhân tạo, cấu thành từ các nơ-ron nhân tạo. Do đó thuật ngữ 'mạng nơ-ron' xác định hai khái niệm phân biệt: Mạng nơ-ron sinh học là một mạng lưới (plexus) các nơ-ron có kết nối hoặc có liên quan về mặt chức năng trực thuộc hệ thần kinh ngoại biên (peripheral nervous system) hay hệ thần kinh trung ương (central nervous system).

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  • The cause of macroglobulinemia is unknown. The disease is similar to myeloma in being slightly more common in men and occurring with increased incidence with age (median 64 years). There have been reports that the IgM in some patients with macroglobulinemia may have specificity for myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), a protein that has been associated with demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system and may be lost earlier and to a greater extent than the better known myelin basic protein in patients with multiple sclerosis.

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  • The authors of this book are American and European neurologists. This book is termed a “neuromuscular atlas” and is designed to help in the diagnosis of neuromuscular diseases at all levels of the peripheral nervous system. This book is written for students, residents, physicians and neurologists who do not specialize in neuromuscular diseases. The first chapter describes the numerous tools used in the diagnosis of neuromuscular disease. These include history taking, the physical examination, laboratory values, electrophysiology, biopsy and genetics.

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  • Clinical neurophysiology is an area of medical practice focused primarily on measuring function in the central and peripheral nervous systems, the autonomic nervous system, and muscles. The specialty identifies and characterizes diseases of these areas, understands their pathophysiology, and, to a limited extent, treats them. Clinical neurophysiology relies entirely on the measurement of ongoing function—either spontaneous or in response to a defined stimulus—in a patient.

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  • Ebook "Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of Human Anatomy and Physiology" introduction to the human body, cellular chemistry, cell structure and function, tissues, integumentary system, skeletal system, muscle tissue and mode of contraction, muscular system, nervous tissue, central nervous system, peripheral and autonomic nervous system,... Invite you to refer to the ebook content more learning materials and research.

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  • Lipopolysaccharide is a major constituent of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. It activates monocytes and macrophages to produce cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-aand interleukins IL-1b and IL-6. These cytokines appear to be responsible for the neurotoxicity observed in peripheral nervous system inflammatory disease.

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  • The hypothesis thatL-glutamate (Glu) is an excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system is now gaining more support after the suc-cessful cloning of a number of genes coding for the signaling machinery required for this neurocrine at synapses in the brain. These include Glu receptors (signal detection), Glu transporters (signal termination) and vesicular Glu trans-porters (signal output through exocytotic release).

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  • Leprosy, first described in ancient Indian texts from the sixth century B.C., is a nonfatal, chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, whose clinical manifestations are largely confined to the skin, peripheral nervous system, upper respiratory tract, eyes, and testes. The unique tropism of M. leprae for peripheral nerves (from large nerve trunks to microscopic dermal nerves) and certain immunologically mediated reactional states are the major causes of morbidity in leprosy.

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  • Accumulating evidence has contributed to a novel view in bone biology: bone remodeling, specifically osteoblast differentiation, is under the tight control of the central and peripheral nervous systems. Among other players in this neuro-osteogenic network, the neuropeptide Y (NPY) system has attracted particular attention.

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