Personalized medicine

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  • Personalized cancer medicine is defined as medical care based on the particular biological characteristics of the disease process in individual patients. By using genomics and proteomics, individuals can be classified into subpopulations based on their susceptibility to a particular disease or response to a specific treatment. They may then be given preventive or therapeutic interventions that will be most effective given their particular characteristics.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Deep sequencing of gastric carcinoma reveals somatic mutations relevant to personalized medicine

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Coming of age of personalized medicine: challenges ahead Address: Centre for Biomedical Ethics and Law, Katholieke

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Pharmacogenomics and personalized medicine: lost in translation?

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : Deep sequencing of gastric carcinoma reveals somatic mutations relevant to personalized medicine

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  • Sources of Evidence: Clinical Trials and Registries The notion of learning from observation of patients is as old as medicine itself. Over the last 50 years, our understanding of how best to turn raw observation into useful evidence has evolved considerably. Case reports, personal anecdotal experience, and small single-center case series are now recognized as having severe limitations to validity and have no role in formulating modern standards of practice. The major tools used to develop reliable evidence consist of the randomized clinical trial and the large observational registry.

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  • This report, published by the UN Millennium Project, examines the global burden of diseases and risks related to sexual and reproductive health (SRH), analyses the implications for the Millennium Development Goals, and asks what needs to be done. Key findings include that millions of women lack access to family planning services they need and want. The unmet need for contraception is especially acute among adolescents in the developing world. One in 16 women in sub-Saharan Africa dies from complications of pregnancy and childbirth, compared with one in every 2800 in...

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  • Major Influences on Clinical Decision-Making More than a decade of research on variations in clinician practice patterns has shed much light on forces that shape clinical decisions. The use of heuristic "shortcuts," as detailed above, provides a partial explanation, but several other key factors play an important role in shaping diagnostic hypotheses and management decisions.

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  • Alternative medicine is recognized as medical products and practices that do not belong to the standard cares taken by medical doctors, doctors of osteopathy and allied health professionals. Alternative medicine includes the mind-body interventions (i.e., meditation, yoga, acupuncture, deep-breathing exercises, guided imageryAny of various techniques (such as a series of verbal suggestions) used to guide another person or oneself in imagining sensations— especially in visualizing an image in the mind—to bring about a desired physical response (such as stress reduction).

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  • In September 2003, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) presented to the American people the goals of the NIH for medical research in the 21st century. Dr. Elias Zerhouni, who became director of the NIH in May 2002, had been Associate Dean for Research at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine before going to the NIH as the fi rst radiologist to head that agency. He had been trained in nuclear medicine while a resident in radiology at Hopkins.

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  • Information technology is poised on the brink of transforming healthcare. IT is entwined with the continuing evolution of the molecular and physical sciences, and rather than dehumanizing us, IT has the potential to continually transform healthcare by the power of its information sharing and processing capabilities. IT particularly has the power to restore good aspects of healthcare based on a personalized and holistic approach, which has been progressively lost, and increasingly so since the Industrial Revolution and the escalating patient - to - physician ratios of the last century...

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  • Health Systems and the "Brain Drain" A significant and oft-invoked barrier to effective health care in resourcepoor settings is the lack of medical personnel. In what is termed the brain drain, many physicians and nurses emigrate from their home countries to pursue opportunities abroad, leaving behind health systems that are understaffed and illequipped to deal with the epidemic diseases that ravage local populations.

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  • A randomized controlled trial of interventions to enhance patient-physician partnership, patient adherence and high blood pressure control among ethnic minorities and poor persons: study protocol NCT00123045 Lisa A Cooper*1,2,3,4, Debra L Roter5, Lee R Bone5, Susan M Larson5, Edgar R Miller III1,2,3, Michael S Barr6, Kathryn A Carson3 and David M Levine2,5 Address: 1Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 2Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 3Department o...

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  • The preliminary work consisted of archival literature and organizational searches. Conferences on the topic of traditional medicine were hosted across North America, including New Mexico, Arizona, British Columbia, and Washington. These were key opportunities to attend conferences that yielded a great deal of information on the subject of traditional medicine. The resultant discussions raised themes that ranged from government policy to contemporary implementations of strategies used by both healers and Indigenous medical practitioners.

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  • The sequencing of the human genome has generated excitement about the potential of genomic innovations to improve medical care, preventive and community health services, and public health. Until fairly recently, genetic information was used primarily in the diagnosis of relatively rare genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and Huntington’s Disease, but a transformation in the use of genetic and genomic information is under way. Genetic markers of increased risk for such chronic diseases as diabetes and coronary artery disease have been identified.

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  • “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” a phrase taken directly from the Declaration of Independence, indicates the basic values identified by the founders of our nation. Of the three, life is the most fundamental as without it, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are meaningless. Health, of course, is the underpinning of life and therefore, it is puzzling that there is so little general demand for an explicit public emphasis on nourishing health as a personal and social resource.

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  • Chapter Two The precise scientific medical rules for cupping 19 operation The place of person's body for applying the 20 cupping operation The suitable age for applying cupping operation Timing of Applying Cupping operation The Relation between the Moon and Cupping The Physiological Condition of the Body.

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  • Non-adherence is often a hidden problem. Many patients are reluctant to express doubts and concerns about medicines because they fear that it will displease the healthcare professional. We need better methods for overcoming this problem and promoting honest and open discussions about medicines and adherence. There are an increasing number of non-medical prescribers (such as pharmacists and nurses) This is a key context issue and there are a range of questions relating to patient perspectives on new prescribers and to new and existing prescribers’ perceptions and skills.

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  • This book series was started in 1990 to promote research conducted under the auspices of the EC programmes’ Advanced Informatics in Medicine (AIM) and Biomedical and Health Research (BHR) bioengineering branch. A driving aspect of international health informatics is that telecommunication technology, rehabilitative technology, intelligent home technology and many other components are moving together and form one integrated world of information and communication media. The complete series has been accepted in Medline. Volumes from 2005 onwards are available online....

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  • In this paper, participants in the Translational Medicine task force of the World Wide Web Consortium’s Health Care and Life Sciences Interest Group (W3C HCLSIG) present the Translational Medicine Ontology (TMO) and the Translational Medicine Knowledge Base (TMKB). The TMKB consists of the TMO, mappings to other terminologies and ontologies, and data in RDF format spanning discovery research and drug development, which are of therapeutic relevance to clinical research and clinical practice.

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