Xem 1-20 trên 313 kết quả Pesticide
  • Consumer concerns on food safety and society awareness of chemical contaminants in the environment have increased in the past few years. As a consequence, more restrictions in the use of chemical products have been imposed at national and international levels. Pesticides are widely used for the control of weeds, diseases, and pests of cultivated plants all over the world, mainly since after Second World War, with the discovery of some organic compounds with good insecticide or herbicide activity. At present, around 2.

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  • The mode of action of pesticides is extremely fascinating because the subject covers so many fields of biology and chemistry and has many practical implications. All disciplines of biology have developed greatly since 1,1,1-trichloro- di-(4-chlorophenyl)ethane — better known as DDT — and the other synthetic pesticides were introduced just after the Second World War.

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  • Since the middle of last century, the use of organic synthetic pesticides became a widespread practice, in order to better prevent, control and destroy pests. Despite their usefulness in the increment of food production, the extensive use of pesticides during production, processing, storage, transport or marketing of agricultural commodities can led to environmental contamination and to the presence of residues in food.

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  • Pesticides in the Hydrologic System is a series of comprehensive reviews and analyses of our current knowledge and understanding of pesticides in the water resources of the United States and of the principal factors that influence contamination and transport. The series is presented according to major components of the hydrologic system—the atmosphere, surface water, bed sediments and aquatic organisms, and ground water.

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  • Since the synthesis of DDT during 1874 several insecticide molecules have been identified and synthesized globally for the control of insect pests, pathogens, microbes, vectors of human and animal diseases, weeds and other obnoxious organisms. Currently, 1.8 billion kgs of pesticides are used annually worldwide in the form of herbicides, insecticides and fungicides. There are more than 1055 active ingredients registered as pesticides till date implying that there is no best alternate for the chemical pesticide.

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  • Researching this thesis with a view to: describe the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of farmer exposure to pesticides; determine disease model and describe some factors related to farmer health in cultivating tea; construction and appreciate of effect of interfere model on human health protection suitably for current conditions in Thai Nguyen.

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  • The new revised version of EPA's pesticide poisoning handbook is now available.The fifth edition of Recognition and Management of Pesticide Poisonings is edited by Dr. Routt Reigart and Dr. James Roberts, and is published by EPA's Office of Pesticide Programs. Both English and Spanish versions are available.

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  • Organochlorine pesticide residue were determined in sediments collected from three estuary zones fowarding Tam Giang - Cau Hai Lagoon, Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam during the dry season in 2005. A total of 10 sediment samples were collected at the river estuaries and along the lagoon.

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  • This report reproduces (1) advance materials sent to 2,005 Gulf War veterans as part of a survey investigating the use of pesticides during Operation Desert Storm/Desert Shield and (2) the survey used by the telephone interviewers. Respondents statistically represented the U.S. military population in the Kuwaiti Theater of Operations between August 1990 and July 1991. Survey results, reported in MR-1018/12-OSD, Pesticide Use During the Gulf War: A Survey of Gulf War Veterans.

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  • A fungicide is a chemical pesticide compound that kills or inhibits the growth of fungi. In agriculture, fungicide is used to control fungi that threaten to destroy or compromise crops. Fungicides for Plant and Animal Diseases is a book that has been written to present the most significant advances in disciplines related to fungicides.

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  • Introduction: Among many carbamate pesticides commercially available in Japan, those with relatively high toxicities are shown in Table 4.1 [1]. Carbamate pesticides are generally classified into N-methylcarbamate insecticides and N-allylcarbamate herbicides in view of their chemical structures and biological actions. The number of fatalities due to poisoning by carbamate pesticides is 50–100 every year in Japan; many of them are poisoned by methomyl [2].

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  • Develop an introductory understanding of pesticide use and monitoring in the human food chain. • Know the major classes of pesticides. • Understand the legal basis for monitoring. • Comprehend the risk vs. benefits analysis basis of – FIFRA, FQPA Special Topic: Pesticide Residues in Food Principles of Environmental Toxicology Instructor: Gregory Möller, Ph.D. University of Idaho

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  • The use of pesticides in the United States has increased dramatically during the last several decades. Hundreds of different chemicals have been developed for use in agricultural and non-agricultural settings. Concerns about the potential adverse effects of pesticides on the environment and human health have spurred an enormous amount of research into their environmental behavior and fate. Much of this concern has focused on the potential for contamination of the hydrologic system, including surface waters.

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  • Vietnam has been ranked as one of the most important country in the production of things in the world since 2000. To achieve high productivity, most growers rely heavily on pesticides and chemical fertilizers, leading to increased costs, health problems of farmers, pest resistance, environmental pollution and minimizing the natural enemies and pollinators. To make the production of safe, sustainable and profitable, integrated program improvement (ICI) is necessary.

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  • The determination of pesticides in food and environmental samples at low concentrations is always a challenge. Ideally, the analyte to be determined would be already in solution and at a concentration level high enough to be detected and quantified by the selected final determination technique (i.e., HPLC or GC). Unfortunately, the reality is far from this ideal situation.

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  • Introduction: Organophosphorus pesticides (organophosphate pesticides) are being most widely used as insecticides, and thus cause poisoning cases frequently. The organophosphorus pesticides at the early stage, such as parathion and TEPP, had powerful insecticidal effects and high toxicity for both humans and beasts, and caused poisoning accidents during spraying. Although many less toxic organophosphorus pesticides were then developed, the resistance to the pesticides was acquired by insects during their repeated use, resulting in less effectiveness of the pesticides.

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  • Since the 1940s the use of pesticides has grown steadily at about 11 percent a year, reaching five million T in 1995. Pesticides and fertilizers play a central role in agriculture and contribute to an enhanced food production worldwide. Agrochemical use, mainly in developed countries, is being reduced while organic (no synthetic chemicals) farming methods are being reinvented.

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  • Most people are aware of and concerned with the health effects of pesticide residues in the water they drink and the food they eat, but many are surprised to learn that pesticides are commonly found in air and rain. Scientific studies of pesticides in various atmospheric matrices (air, rain, snow, aerosols, and fog) have been ongoing for 40 years. When taken together, these studies, many of which are small and focused, provide a significant contribution to answering the questions when, where, how, and why pesticides are in the atmosphere.

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  • Introduction: Agricultual chemicals include not only pesticides for protecting plants, such as insecticides, germicides, herbicides and rodenticides, but also fertilizers and growth regulating substances being used in agricultural production and horticulture. In poisoning cases with agricultural chemicals, the causative poisons are largely the pesticides. There are many cases, in which the poisoning due to exposure to an organophosphorus pesticide is obvious with clinical symptoms [1].

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  • C h Dang Duc Nhan 180 a p t e r 8 Distribution, fate, and impact of pesticides in the tropical marine environment of Vietnam Dang Duc Nhan P E S T I C I D E R E G U L AT I O N I N V I E T N A M History of pesticides and pesticide legislation The history of pesticide use in agriculture in Vietnam is short. Before 1950, malaria was a widespread disease among the Vietnamese people. At that time, French and native physicians trained the people to sleep under nets to protect against Anopheles mosquitoes, which are the...

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